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According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp

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According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?


(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.

(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines.

(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.

(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase.


Note: The other question based upon the same argument is already discussed at the following link. Hence modified the thread to keep discussion focused on the mentioned qs.
http://gmatclub.com/forum/according-to- ... 51393.html

Originally posted by garimavyas on 16 May 2011, 09:54.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Nov 2018, 03:29, edited 5 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2012, 20:08
21
7
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line
would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five
years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the
proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be
rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no
benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to
finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at
which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated
toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect,
many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.



Responding to a pm:

The plan is to finance the improvements by increasing the toll on 2 highway bridges. What casts doubt on the plan?
The plan will be in trouble if the increase does not lead to increased collection.

Option (C) says that commuters can 'postpone' the effects of the increase. So it may take a little longer to get in the increased collection but you probably will see the increase.

Option (D) says that commuters switch to another route when toll is increased. So the overall collection may be actually less than before. This certainly casts doubt on the plan.

Hence, answer is (D)
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 23:04
2
reto wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase.

Note: The other question based upon the same argument is already discussed at the following link. Hence modified the thread to keep discussion focused on the mentioned qs.
according-to-the-tristate-transportation-authority-making-151393.html


Seriously, why should we assume that B is less costly than D. We have no information whatsoever indicating that the private contractors do not cost much more than the 20% regula commuters who switch to an alternative route. From logic okay, D does weaken the most, but we have to assume a litte right...?


Can the cost of adjusting 20 machines be at all comparable with the toll paid by a huge chunk of commuters for the next 5 yrs?
It's like saying I don't know whether I will become rich if I win the Wimbledon because I will first need to buy a new racket! It's not logical.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2016, 02:31
1
MeghaP wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line
would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five
years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the
proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be
rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no
benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to
finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at
which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated
toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect,
many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.



Responding to a pm:

The plan is to finance the improvements by increasing the toll on 2 highway bridges. What casts doubt on the plan?
The plan will be in trouble if the increase does not lead to increased collection.

Option (C) says that commuters can 'postpone' the effects of the increase. So it may take a little longer to get in the increased collection but you probably will see the increase.

Option (D) says that commuters switch to another route when toll is increased. So the overall collection may be actually less than before. This certainly casts doubt on the plan.

Hence, answer is (D)


Can you please explain why option A is incorrect?



Note what the question asks you:

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

You need to cast doubt on the effectiveness of the plan i.e. if the plan is implemented, will it be effective? Will it bring in additional revenue?
You don't have to worry about whether the plan can be implemented or not. The point is - Will it be effective?

Option (A) gives you a possible hurdle in implementing the plan. It doesn't talk about the effectiveness of the plan once it is implemented.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2017, 06:26
1
abhishekaqsais wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line
would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five
years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the
proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be
rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no
benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to
finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at
which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated
toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect,
many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.



Responding to a pm:

The plan is to finance the improvements by increasing the toll on 2 highway bridges. What casts doubt on the plan?
The plan will be in trouble if the increase does not lead to increased collection.

Option (C) says that commuters can 'postpone' the effects of the increase. So it may take a little longer to get in the increased collection but you probably will see the increase.

Option (D) says that commuters switch to another route when toll is increased. So the overall collection may be actually less than before. This certainly casts doubt on the plan.

Hence, answer is (D)


IMO, if the plan takes longer time to execute, then the planned time, which is 5 years, is compromised. So, won't it cast doubt on effectiveness of authority's plan?


Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

The question is about effectiveness of the "plan to finance" the project, not plan to complete the project. Hence option C is wrong.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2019, 21:06
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Bishal123456789 wrote:
AjiteshArun Can't we infer from option C that authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years may take more than 5 years because many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase?
Perhaps, but just how many tokens are commuters likely to buy?

Keep in mind that we need to mark the best option out of the 5 given to us. Option D does far more damage to the plan than option C does.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2019, 19:09
1
Priyanka2018 wrote:
hi,
i agree that option d is correct, but it is suggesting something that happened in past.
how can we be sure that same will occur this time. Please throw some light on how to deal
with such options.

We don't have to be SURE about anything! The questions asks, "Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?"

The example described in (D) suggests that something similar could happen if bridge tolls are raised again. The fact that this might happen is enough to cast doubt on the plan.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jan 2020, 22:02
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Please any one help:
I chose C.
D: Lost 20% doesn't mean that total revenue lost. And 'last time" doesn't mean that it happens again "this time".
There are many concern about D.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2012, 22:02
Expert advise needed, 1st question is assumption ? D is the answer then, 2nd question is again D
OA?
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2012, 23:18
thevenus wrote:
Expert advise needed, 1st question is assumption ? D is the answer then, 2nd question is again D
OA?


No, the first question is a type of weaken question. You need to cast doubt on a plan i.e. weaken it.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2014, 11:09
Hi,

I chose Option (E). Can anyone explain why it is wrong, please.
OE says Oppositions to increase the toll is expected; it does not mean that the plan is less effective…
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2014, 20:51
goodyear2013 wrote:
Hi,

I chose Option (E). Can anyone explain why it is wrong, please.
OE says Oppositions to increase the toll is expected; it does not mean that the plan is less effective…


"would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan...?"

We need to find a reason the plan will not be effective i.e. a reason why once the plan is brought into action, it will fail to provide the required collection. Taking small numbers, say if 100 people cross that bridge everyday and if the toll is increased by $20, the plan expects to collect $2000 per day for the rail line improvements.

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.

If many people switch their routes, the toll collected will not be according to expectations. Hence the plan may not be effective.

(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.

The authority has proposed this plan. We are not concerned with who is supporting it and who is opposing it. What we need to do is find why the plan may not work once it is brought into action. A reason why it may not be effective. We are not concerned with whether it will actually be brought into action.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2015, 10:38
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase.

Note: The other question based upon the same argument is already discussed at the following link. Hence modified the thread to keep discussion focused on the mentioned qs.
according-to-the-tristate-transportation-authority-making-151393.html


Seriously, why should we assume that B is less costly than D. We have no information whatsoever indicating that the private contractors do not cost much more than the 20% regula commuters who switch to an alternative route. From logic okay, D does weaken the most, but we have to assume a litte right...?
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2016, 23:53
1
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line
would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five
years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the
proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be
rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no
benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to
finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at
which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated
toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect,
many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.



Responding to a pm:

The plan is to finance the improvements by increasing the toll on 2 highway bridges. What casts doubt on the plan?
The plan will be in trouble if the increase does not lead to increased collection.

Option (C) says that commuters can 'postpone' the effects of the increase. So it may take a little longer to get in the increased collection but you probably will see the increase.

Option (D) says that commuters switch to another route when toll is increased. So the overall collection may be actually less than before. This certainly casts doubt on the plan.

Hence, answer is (D)


Can you please explain why option A is incorrect?
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2016, 03:29
1
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase.

Note: The other question based upon the same argument is already discussed at the following link. Hence modified the thread to keep discussion focused on the mentioned qs.
according-to-the-tristate-transportation-authority-making-151393.html


Hi experts,
this question is about efficiency of a plan. and I picked up C
I have a question about this type.
some are judge efficiency by killing the valid of the plan :
such as OG 13, CR# 30
The Eurasian ruffe, a fish species inadvertently introduced into North America’s Great Lakes in recent years, feeds on the eggs of lake whitefish, a native species, thus threatening the lakes’ natural ecosystem. To help track the ruffe’s spread, government agencies have produced wallet-sized cards about the ruffe. The cards contain pictures of the ruffe and explain the danger they pose; the cards also request anglers to report any ruffe they catch.

Which of the following, if true, would provide most support for the prediction that the agencies’ action will have its intended effect?

(D) The ruffe is one of several nonnative species in the Great Lakes whose existence threatens the survival of lake whitefish populations there.

OG13 CR #40
A new law gives ownership of patents—documents providing exclusive right to make and sell an invention—to universities, not the government, when those patents result from government-sponsored university research. Administrators at Logos University plan to sell any patents they acquire to corporations in order to fund programs to improve undergraduate teaching.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the viability of the college administrators’ plan described above?

(D) Government-sponsored research conducted at Logos University for the most part duplicates research already completed by several profit-making corporations.

OG13 CR# 15
A certain automaker aims to increase its market share by deeply discounting its vehicles’ prices for the next several months. The discounts will cut into profits, but because they will be heavily advertised the manufacturer hopes that they will attract buyers away from rival manufacturers’ cars. In the longer term, the automaker envisions that customers initially attracted by the discounts may become loyal customers.

In assessing the plan’s chances of achieving its aim, it would be most useful to know which of the following?

(A) Whether the automaker’s competitors are likely to respond by offering deep discounts on their own products


but others are not, such as this one.

I am a little confused,
any difference ?


waiting for your reply

have a nice day
>_~

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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2016, 07:36
zoezhuyan wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase.

Note: The other question based upon the same argument is already discussed at the following link. Hence modified the thread to keep discussion focused on the mentioned qs.
according-to-the-tristate-transportation-authority-making-151393.html


Hi experts,
this question is about efficiency of a plan. and I picked up C
I have a question about this type.
some are judge efficiency by killing the valid of the plan :
such as OG 13, CR# 30
The Eurasian ruffe, a fish species inadvertently introduced into North America’s Great Lakes in recent years, feeds on the eggs of lake whitefish, a native species, thus threatening the lakes’ natural ecosystem. To help track the ruffe’s spread, government agencies have produced wallet-sized cards about the ruffe. The cards contain pictures of the ruffe and explain the danger they pose; the cards also request anglers to report any ruffe they catch.

Which of the following, if true, would provide most support for the prediction that the agencies’ action will have its intended effect?

(D) The ruffe is one of several nonnative species in the Great Lakes whose existence threatens the survival of lake whitefish populations there.

OG13 CR #40
A new law gives ownership of patents—documents providing exclusive right to make and sell an invention—to universities, not the government, when those patents result from government-sponsored university research. Administrators at Logos University plan to sell any patents they acquire to corporations in order to fund programs to improve undergraduate teaching.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the viability of the college administrators’ plan described above?

(D) Government-sponsored research conducted at Logos University for the most part duplicates research already completed by several profit-making corporations.

OG13 CR# 15
A certain automaker aims to increase its market share by deeply discounting its vehicles’ prices for the next several months. The discounts will cut into profits, but because they will be heavily advertised the manufacturer hopes that they will attract buyers away from rival manufacturers’ cars. In the longer term, the automaker envisions that customers initially attracted by the discounts may become loyal customers.

In assessing the plan’s chances of achieving its aim, it would be most useful to know which of the following?

(A) Whether the automaker’s competitors are likely to respond by offering deep discounts on their own products


but others are not, such as this one.

I am a little confused,
any difference ?


waiting for your reply

have a nice day
>_~

Zoe


It all depends on the question asked.

"Which of the following, if true, would provide most support for the prediction that the agencies’ action will have its intended effect?"
You need to find what will support the plan. The correct answer here is
"(C) Most people who fi sh recreationally on the Great Lakes are interested in the preservation of the lake
whitefi sh because it is a highly prized game fish."

"Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the viability of the college administrators’ plan described above?"
Here you need to cast doubt on the plan i.e. provide a reason why it may not work.

"In assessing the plan’s chances of achieving its aim, it would be most useful to know which of the following?"
In this question, you need to find the option that affects the plan. Whether it strengthens the plan or weakens it is immaterial. But it does need to have an effect on the plan.

Finally in the original question,
"1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?"
you need to weaken the plan.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2016, 03:30
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line
would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five
years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the
proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be
rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no
benefit.

1.. Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to
finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?
(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at
which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated
toll-collecting machines.
(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect,
many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.
(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.



Responding to a pm:

The plan is to finance the improvements by increasing the toll on 2 highway bridges. What casts doubt on the plan?
The plan will be in trouble if the increase does not lead to increased collection.

Option (C) says that commuters can 'postpone' the effects of the increase. So it may take a little longer to get in the increased collection but you probably will see the increase.

Option (D) says that commuters switch to another route when toll is increased. So the overall collection may be actually less than before. This certainly casts doubt on the plan.

Hence, answer is (D)


IMO, if the plan takes longer time to execute, then the planned time, which is 5 years, is compromised. So, won't it cast doubt on effectiveness of authority's plan?
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 20:21
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised.
Choice A, suggest that the plan might face opposition but not that it will be defeated AND not that the anticipated revenue will not be generated. So, INCORRECT.

(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines.

Weighed against five years’ projected revenues, the considerations raised in choices B and C would not have a significant impact. Thus neither B nor C is correct.

(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase.

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.
Increasing bridge tolls might not increase revenues if such increases prompt a significant percentage of regular bridge users to switch to alternative routes. Choice D says that a previous increase prompted such switches. Choice D, by establishing a strong precedent for commuters’ responding to higher tolls by avoiding them altogether, raises doubts about the plan’s effectiveness and is thus the best answer.

(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase.
Choice E, suggest that the plan might face opposition but not that it will be defeated AND not that the anticipated revenue will not be generated. So, INCORRECT.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 15:59
According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain improvements to the main commuter rail line would increase ridership dramatically. The authority plans to finance these improvements over the course of five years by raising automobile tolls on the two high-way bridges along the route the rail line serves. Although the proposed improvements are indeed needed, the authority’s plan for securing the necessary funds should be rejected because it would unfairly force drivers to absorb the entire cost of something from which they receive no benefit.

Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan to finance the proposed improvements by increasing bridge tolls?

(A) Before the authority increases tolls on any of the area bridges, it is required by law to hold public hearings at which objections to the proposed increase can be raised. Incorrect - Out of scope

(B) Whenever bridge tolls are increased, the authority must pay a private contractor to adjust the automated toll-collecting machines. Incorrect - Out of scope

(C) Between the time a proposed toll increase is announced and the time the increase is actually put into effect, many commuters buy more tokens than usual to postpone the effects of the increase. Incorrect - Shell game ans

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved. Correct - When cause occurs (toll increase), effect does not occur (revenue from vehicle, as 20% will be lost)

(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong opposition to the proposed toll increase. Incorrect - Out of scope
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2018, 08:20
VeritasKarishma wrote:
goodyear2013 wrote:
Hi,

I chose Option (E). Can anyone explain why it is wrong, please.
OE says Oppositions to increase the toll is expected; it does not mean that the plan is less effective…


"would cast the most doubt on the effectiveness of the authority’s plan...?"

We need to find a reason the plan will not be effective i.e. a reason why once the plan is brought into action, it will fail to provide the required collection. Taking small numbers, say if 100 people cross that bridge everyday and if the toll is increased by $20, the plan expects to collect $2000 per day for the rail line improvements.

(D) When tolls were last increased on the two bridges in question, almost 20 percent of the regular commuter
traffic switched to a slightly longer alternative route that has since been improved.

If many people switch their routes, the toll collected will not be according to expectations. Hence the plan may not be effective.

(E) The chairman of the authority is a member of the Tristate Automobile Club that has registered strong
opposition to the proposed toll increase.

The authority has proposed this plan. We are not concerned with who is supporting it and who is opposing it. What we need to do is find why the plan may not work once it is brought into action. A reason why it may not be effective. We are not concerned with whether it will actually be brought into action.



Hi Karishma,

Option D says almost 20% will switch. But the revenue will be generated by rest 80%. this may result in the decreased rate of the progress, but certainly can't stop.
So option C and D looks alike to me.
Please help me know my error in reasoning.
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Re: According to the Tristate Transportation Authority, making certain imp   [#permalink] 23 Oct 2018, 08:20

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