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Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between

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Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 08:59
1
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

52% (01:06) correct 48% (01:09) wrong based on 802 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 7: Sentence Correction (SC2)


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Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid

(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive

(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!


The OFFICIAL EXPLANATION is in this post, below.

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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 13 Nov 2018, 09:34
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2
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid

(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive

(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

IMO it must be E.
Here reaction is between industrial waste and water vapor.
"of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides " is prepositional phrase which modifies waste.
if we assume reaction is between sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides then
the idiom between x and y will become meaningless.

The comparison then will be:

reaction Between
industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide
and
nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor

which is meaningless.
So A is out.

B)same issue as A.
Also here producing modifies vapor ,again nonsense meaning.Vapor is not producing waste.

C)and introduced so idiom "between x and y " is correct now.
which refers to vapor .Same as C.vapor has not produced.
also has is wrong tense here.we are stating generic phenomenon.

D)
same error as C.
Which are highly corrosive refers to nitric acids only so wrong.
HAVE not required,.we are stating generic phenomenon.

E)and introduced so idiom "between x and y " is correct now.
Also no other error.The reaction leads to production of acids so clear meaning.
So E is the answer :)

Originally posted by vanam52923 on 13 Nov 2018, 09:16.
Last edited by adkikani on 13 Nov 2018, 09:34, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 09:32
1
Quote:
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.


Idiom tested: between X and Y
where X and Y are noun phrases and noun respectively.
X: industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides (noun phrase)
Y: atmospheric water vapor (noun)

with is a noun modifier and modifies incorrectly preceding noun: nitrogen oxides.
This is not the intended meaning.

Intended meaning:
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides
and atmospheric water vapor. These reactions further result to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

Quote:
(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid


Out, because of incorrect usage of with

Quote:
(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive


which too also incorrectly refers to water vapour, whereas we want to say that the reactions result to produce
corrosive gases, not only water vapour.

Quote:
(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

Correct, as per intended meaning and idiom
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 09:36
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids(between X and Y is correct idiom,and is required rather than with)

(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid(same ad in A)

(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids(it is the reaction which produce acid rather than water vapour )

(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive(same as in C, incorrect use of plural verb have)

(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids( correct)

Will go with choice E

Thanks
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 10:21
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generis wrote:

Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid

(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive

(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids



This question tests - Usage of between ...and...

Question prompt :

Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

Between with - is wrong (A) and (B) out.

Which is a non-essential modifier. Comma is required before Which. (C) and (D) out.

Ans : E
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 10:52
Meaning:
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions and atmospheric water vapor
The reaction result produces highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

Option Analysis:
A)Between X and Y is the correct idiom. This sentence says between X with Y. So, eliminate
B) same error as A
C)uses the correct idiom between X and Y. However, which incorrectly refers to water vapor. Generally, which refers to closest possible noun. so, the sentence incorrectly means water vapor produces sulfuric and nitric acid. Eliminate.
D)uses the correct idiom between X and Y. However, which does not refer to the result of the reaction. Changes the intended meaning. - Eliminate
E)Uses the correct idiom and preserves the meaning of the sentence by using to produce. This implies that the reaction result produces highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids - correct

IMO: OPTION E
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2018, 12:50
E is the correct answer as it holds BETWEEN and AND properly and expresses the meaning in most concise manner.
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 07:43
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 7: Sentence Correction (SC2)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid

(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive

(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!



Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides [u]with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

so Between the emissions and something.....Not With something

So A and B is OUT

As the statement is making a statement, Has and Have are incorrect. One should use a simple present tense.

E is the correct option (IMO)
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 09:08
1
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

Quote:
Meaning:-
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between A and B
A--industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides
B--atmospheric water vapor
What happens??
They produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.


Quote:
(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

Between A with B is wrong.

Quote:
(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid

Between A with B is wrong.

Quote:
(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

which refers to water vapor and changes the intended meaning. It is not water vapor that produces highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

Quote:
(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive

which refers to water vapor and changes the intended meaning. It is not water vapor that produces highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

Quote:
(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

1.Correct as per the meaning and correct usage of Between A and B.
2. Correctly points that Acid rain and snow produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.


IMO E.
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 14:20
2
generis wrote:

Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids
(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid
(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids
(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive
(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

Choices A and B are faulty because the idiomatic form of expression is

between X and Y
NOT between X with Y

Also, in choice B producing . . . modifies the nearest noun, water vapor,
rather than [as producing should modify]
chemical reactions
and thereby seems to say that the water vapor alone produced the corrosive acids.

Choices C and D are clumsy, and both misuse which:
in C which has . . . illogically modifies water vapor,
and in D it is unclear
whether which have modifies reactions or sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and water vapor taken together

E is the best choice

__________________________________________

This OE is pretty good.

Strategically, disregard "clumsy" unless you are really stuck.
"Clumsy" is like "awkward" in other OEs. Both "criteria" should be used as a last resort to eliminate.

This question has a lot of technical words.
The idiom is Between X and Y, but
the X part is compound.
Dealing with highly technical terms (YAWN - boring) can get problematic when we have between (X-1 and X-2) AND Y


On the scratch pad, I would write
X-1 = S.D.
X-2 = N.O.
Y = water vapor

... reactions between (X-1 and X-2) and (Y)


The best explanations —the ones that made the errors most clear— were those by
vanam52923
Example: Vapor is not producing waste.

adkikani - Example:
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides
and atmospheric water vapor. These reactions further result to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids

warrior1991 - "overall" clarity
Kudos!
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2018, 21:00
Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between industrial emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids.

(A) with atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids -- Between X and Y is the correct idiom

(B) with atmospheric water vapor producing highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acid -- Between X and Y is the correct idiom

(C) and atmospheric water vapor which has produced highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids - Which incorrectly modifies water vapor whereas it should modify chemical reactions ; Usage of present perfect tense is incorrect

(D) and atmospheric water vapor which have produced sulfuric and nitric acids which are highly corrosive - usage of which -- which should logically modify chemical reactions ; Usage of present perfect tense is incorrect as the statement is a general fact

(E) and atmospheric water vapor to produce highly corrosive sulfuric and nitric acids -

1. Isn't the usage of to produce incorrect in E as to verb is generally used when we need to present the purpose or the intention of an action?
2. Also, shouldn't a comma always precede which?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasKarishma , DmitryFarber , ChiranjeevSingh , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , other experts - please enlighten
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 13:00
IS THE USAGE OF INFINITIVE RIGHT HERE? IT IMPLIES AS IF THE REACTION HAD THE INTENTION OF PRODUCING CORROSIVE GASES AND HENCE THE REACTION TOOK PLACEGMATNinja
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 17:33
1
Skywalker18 wrote:
1. Isn't the usage of to produce incorrect in E as to verb is generally used when we need to present the purpose or the intention of an action?
2. Also, shouldn't a comma always precede which?

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasKarishma , DmitryFarber , ChiranjeevSingh , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyMurray , other experts - please enlighten

Hi Skywalker18,

You are correct here, on both counts -- I think this is a badly written question. The infinitive does not make sense here, for the reason you mentioned. And yes, "which" should be preceded by a comma. For examples, see here:


I hope that helps!
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Dec 2018, 21:43
‘Between’ is always followed by ‘and’ and not by ‘with’.
So, option a and b are out.
Moreover, the whole sentence is in simple present tense. So, the use of ‘has’ and ‘have’ is grammatically wrong.
Hence, e is the answer.
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2019, 03:58
1
Quote:
1. Isn't the usage of to produce incorrect in E as to verb is generally used when we need to present the purpose or the intention of an action?

While the infinitive ("to + verb"), when used as an adverb, is often used to describe the intent of an action, it doesn't have to. Here's a simple example: "Carbon and oxygen combine to form carbon monoxide." That seems fine to me, even though carbon and oxygen are not conscious entities scheming to form a toxic gas. (At least not to my knowledge. :idontknow: ) The meaning in this example is probably closer to "results in" than "intent." This is similar to what we find in (E).

Quote:
2. Also, shouldn't a comma always precede which?

Any "rule" involving commas is going to have exceptions. Typically, yes, when "which" is used as the subject of a clause, it will follow a comma. So for the purposes of this problem, it is legitimate to eliminate (C) and (D) on the basis of the faulty "which" usage.

However, if "which" is used as the object of a preposition, it won't follow a comma. For example: "Here is the sewer in which I dropped my wedding ring." (Fun fact: a good friend of mine proposed to his wife using a ring he found in a sewer in New York City. I am not making this up. They've been married for more than 50 years now.)

I hope that helps!
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2019, 00:16
The correct answer is E because the idiom Between X and Y is correctly used
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Re: Acid rain and snow result from the chemical reactions between &nbs [#permalink] 08 Jan 2019, 00:16
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