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# Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,

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19 Nov 2011, 00:42
SaraiGMAXonline wrote:
You've done a great job guys! To summarize the issues in each answer...

Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Always try to understand what the very first word or couple of words in the sentence are doing. "Added" is a past participle (V3), which is a descriptive word, like an adjective. So we are opening the sentence with a subject modifier that suggests that the subject of the sentence is the thing that was "added". But our subject is employees, and employees were not "added" to anything, so we can stop reading here.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Same subject-modifier problem as in A. ALSO, NOTE: There is no comma before the "which"!! "Which" must be preceded by a comma. The only exception is when you have a preposition+which (ex. to which, from which, by which, with which...etc.) This is the ONLY time "which" does not need to be be preceded by a comma.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
"program of retirement benefits added" indicates that the program really was added. Similarly "a cake baked on Sunday" is a cake that really was baked. But the program was not added; it was sought.

Also, the relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
The relative clause "that were requested" should refer to the increase (singular) that was requested.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

"The increase... requested (V3)" is correct. The play between "employees of the railroad" and "railroad employees" in D is there only to distract you from the major issues.
[/quote]

Honestly,
got confused between D & E.
Option E
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2012, 00:25
What is the difficulty level of this question ??
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 06:35
Isn't "in addition to the increase in hourly wages" modifying "the employees"?
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2012, 06:41
Marcab-

To answer your question about the into part of the section, not all leading phrases/clauses modify the subject. My first sentence here is a good example. If I wrote the sentence differently, it would modify the subject. Here you go: "Answering the question about leading modifiers, I wrote that not all leading phrases/clauses modify the subject." The GMAT uses participles at the start of the sentence to create leading phrases that modify the subject ("answering" above is a present participle).

If you go through OG questions, you will see plenty of examples of leading phrases (ending with a comma) that are providing context for the sentence and not modifying the subject. For example, the GMAT introduces plenty of sentences with date references: By 1840, Since 1830, etc.

In the question from this thread, "Added to..." is acting (incorrectly) as a modifier for the subject. When the GMAT uses the abstract "In addition to..." the introductory phrase adds context to the beginning of the sentence instead of modifying the subject.

Here is a thread from another question that displays how introductory phrases can pivot between context and modifier: based-on-the-growth-rates-of-large-modern-reptiles-such-as-76931.html

KW
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2012, 20:35
Hey Kyle.
Thanks for the explanation. Even though, I was familiar with the question (Based on....), I didn't look with that perspective. Your explanation just made my life less miserable. Many many thanks.
By the way, did you complete your quantum physics?
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2014, 00:07
I'm confused with the tenses here...suppose if we had following two options

X) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that was requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Y) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

Basically requested vs. was requested. Which one is better?
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2014, 13:36
b2bt wrote:
I'm confused with the tenses here...suppose if we had following two options

X) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that was requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
Y) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

Basically requested vs. was requested. Which one is better?

Actually, this isn't a verb tense issue, it's verb voice. Both options are in the past tense but they shift between passive and active voice: was requested (passive) and requested (active). The GMAT doesn't seem to have a preference between the two, so either one would be fine.

KW
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2015, 22:37
Thank you for the question. Yes answer has to be E.

Took me some time to figure out between D and E.

skg wrote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 07:30
What is the source of this question.
Option D & E are very confusing. Btw, I choose option D.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

If I understand the modifiers correctly In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July should modify the closest noun which is the employees.
But as per the meaning, the modifier should be modify the the retirements benefits.

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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2015, 08:39
Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

A,B out = Modifier issue
C out = "increase in hourly wages" is singular... so SVB issue
D out = same as C

So E
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2015, 02:27
in adition to can work as a preposition and in addition to+noun can work as an adverb
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2016, 18:26
I went with E though I did miss out on the S-V agreement issue in Choice D.
A,B,C were clearly out.
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 20:00
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2018, 21:04
If a "that" comes in a sentence shouldn't the verb after "that" depends upon the noun preceding it.
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2018, 07:37
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tan
Can you please give an example of the kind of sentence you have in midn?
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Re: Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jul 2018, 07:37

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