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Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,

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Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2005, 00:45
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Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

Please explain your answers. OA to follow
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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New post 27 Jun 2005, 07:34
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A - Faulty comparison. "increase in wages" compared to "railroad employees"

B is out for the same reason

C,D - both wrong because - "that were requested" instead of "that was requested"

I'll go with E.

To be honest, if I was under time crunch, I could easily haveeliminated E because it said "employees of the railroad" instead of "railroad employees"

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New post 27 Jun 2005, 07:52
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I will go with D on this..

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

- Out. Seems to indicate that railroad employees added to the increase.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
- Out. Same problem as A

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

- Bad construction

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

I will stick with D.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
- Nothing is wrong here but "the employees of the railroad" does not make sense.

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New post 27 Jun 2005, 08:12
riteshgupta1,

In choice D, Do you think that "In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested "

is the correct use of pronouns?

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New post 27 Jun 2005, 08:51
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i'll go with E,

increase is singular therefore we need to make sure "were" is not used.

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New post 27 Jun 2005, 09:00
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AJB77,

It has no pronoun problem but a singular/plural verb problem.

I agree that the answer should be E.

Why I picked D is to verify the concept of restrictive clause?

Here is what I saw,

that were requested is a restrictive clause modifying the "wages". I want to make sure from guys like you that the restrictive clause not only modifies the object of the prepositional phrase but a subject which is a combination of subject + PP.

For example,

One of the students who are studying biology is in my class.
Or
One of the students who is studying biology is in my class.

Now if you look at 1st example, Restrictive clause "who were studying biology" is modifying student(s) is correct.

In second, Restrictive clause "who is studying biology" is modifying student(s) is not correct because the restrictive clause is modifying students which is plural.

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New post 27 Jun 2005, 09:31
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I will go with E

D - 'that' is modifying wages but the request cannot be made by 'wages', so IMO a singular verb is required.

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New post 27 Jun 2005, 20:27
OA is E

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New post 28 Jun 2005, 22:51
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AJB, ritesh is right. D is not wrong because of verb tense following "that". Instead, it could be wrong simply because it uses a restrictive clause instead of a shorter, participial phrase in E. However, E also has problems of its own like saying "employees of the railroad" which sounds very bad to say the least.
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New post 29 Jun 2005, 02:54
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I am going to choose the best of the worst, and having said that the answer should be E.

Choices that begin with In addition to are more appropriate than the rest, because it conveys that the railroad employees asked for not only a pay increase last year, but also retirement benefits. This narrows the choice to D and E. The only problem I have with D is the use of "that were requested". Instead if choice D used "requested" I would have chosen D rightaway. E conveys the sense of meaning better, even though it is a little awkward.

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New post 29 Jun 2005, 10:26
Paul, Ritesh:

Ritesh in your example of students... I think when you use "One" of the students you are talking about one particular student, this subject/object is singular therefore should'nt the modifying clause be singular and not plural...?

one of the students IS I think is correct?
vs one of the students are...if you use are then what is one referring to?

riteshgupta1 wrote:
AJB77,

It has no pronoun problem but a singular/plural verb problem.

I agree that the answer should be E.

Why I picked D is to verify the concept of restrictive clause?

Here is what I saw,

that were requested is a restrictive clause modifying the "wages". I want to make sure from guys like you that the restrictive clause not only modifies the object of the prepositional phrase but a subject which is a combination of subject + PP.

For example,

One of the students who are studying biology is in my class.
Or
One of the students who is studying biology is in my class.

Now if you look at 1st example, Restrictive clause "who were studying biology" is modifying student(s) is correct.

In second, Restrictive clause "who is studying biology" is modifying student(s) is not correct because the restrictive clause is modifying students which is plural.
[/b]

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New post 29 Jun 2005, 10:40
fresinha, you can read my first post on this page and also my reply to gmataquaguy. I explained it all there: http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... 2&start=20

Basically, you would say:
1- One of the student is...
or
2- One of the student who are...
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Re: SC:increase in hourly wages [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2009, 09:56
E
But it is so awkward. the employees of the railroad? :shock:

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Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

Last edited by pqhai on 16 Dec 2013, 23:40, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: please explain [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 05:01
IMO.... D

"In addition to" is the correct idiom, not "added to" eliminate A, B and C

D is more concise... "railroad employees" is correct over "employees of the railroad".

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 05:03
Well I agree with you, but the official answer is E

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 05:07
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Oh... Perhaps "that were" is used incorrectly in choice D. I believe it should be "which were" Though I still believe that "employees of the railroad" is not correct...

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 05:15
skg wrote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits


both D and E are correct .. may be restricted reduced clause(' wages requested ' rather than 'wages that were requested ') in E made better choice?

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Re: please explain [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 05:25
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Quote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. - incorrect modifier
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. - incorrect modifier
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July. - awkward
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. were is incorrect as it is referring to the singular 'increase'
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits- correct

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 05:39
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Another line of reasoning to consider here is 'WHO' requested increase in hourly wages.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

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Re: please explain   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2009, 05:39

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