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# Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July,

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Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2005
Posts: 130
Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2005, 01:45
2
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

60% (00:57) correct 40% (01:02) wrong based on 860 sessions

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Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

Please explain your answers. OA to follow
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Director
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 680
WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)
Re: please explain [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 06:25
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Quote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. - incorrect modifier
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. - incorrect modifier
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July. - awkward
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits. were is incorrect as it is referring to the singular 'increase'
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits- correct

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##### General Discussion
Senior Manager
Joined: 30 May 2005
Posts: 368

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27 Jun 2005, 08:34
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A - Faulty comparison. "increase in wages" compared to "railroad employees"

B is out for the same reason

C,D - both wrong because - "that were requested" instead of "that was requested"

I'll go with E.

To be honest, if I was under time crunch, I could easily haveeliminated E because it said "employees of the railroad" instead of "railroad employees"
Director
Joined: 11 Mar 2005
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27 Jun 2005, 08:52
1
I will go with D on this..

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

- Out. Seems to indicate that railroad employees added to the increase.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
- Out. Same problem as A

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

- Bad construction

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

I will stick with D.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
- Nothing is wrong here but "the employees of the railroad" does not make sense.
Senior Manager
Joined: 30 May 2005
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27 Jun 2005, 09:12
riteshgupta1,

In choice D, Do you think that "In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested "

is the correct use of pronouns?
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27 Jun 2005, 09:51
1
i'll go with E,

increase is singular therefore we need to make sure "were" is not used.
Director
Joined: 11 Mar 2005
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27 Jun 2005, 10:00
1
AJB77,

It has no pronoun problem but a singular/plural verb problem.

I agree that the answer should be E.

Why I picked D is to verify the concept of restrictive clause?

Here is what I saw,

that were requested is a restrictive clause modifying the "wages". I want to make sure from guys like you that the restrictive clause not only modifies the object of the prepositional phrase but a subject which is a combination of subject + PP.

For example,

One of the students who are studying biology is in my class.
Or
One of the students who is studying biology is in my class.

Now if you look at 1st example, Restrictive clause "who were studying biology" is modifying student(s) is correct.

In second, Restrictive clause "who is studying biology" is modifying student(s) is not correct because the restrictive clause is modifying students which is plural.
Director
Joined: 03 Nov 2004
Posts: 830

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27 Jun 2005, 10:31
2
I will go with E

D - 'that' is modifying wages but the request cannot be made by 'wages', so IMO a singular verb is required.
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Joined: 15 Dec 2003
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28 Jun 2005, 23:51
1
AJB, ritesh is right. D is not wrong because of verb tense following "that". Instead, it could be wrong simply because it uses a restrictive clause instead of a shorter, participial phrase in E. However, E also has problems of its own like saying "employees of the railroad" which sounds very bad to say the least.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Apr 2005
Posts: 340
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29 Jun 2005, 03:54
2
I am going to choose the best of the worst, and having said that the answer should be E.

Choices that begin with In addition to are more appropriate than the rest, because it conveys that the railroad employees asked for not only a pay increase last year, but also retirement benefits. This narrows the choice to D and E. The only problem I have with D is the use of "that were requested". Instead if choice D used "requested" I would have chosen D rightaway. E conveys the sense of meaning better, even though it is a little awkward.
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29 Jun 2005, 11:26
Paul, Ritesh:

Ritesh in your example of students... I think when you use "One" of the students you are talking about one particular student, this subject/object is singular therefore should'nt the modifying clause be singular and not plural...?

one of the students IS I think is correct?
vs one of the students are...if you use are then what is one referring to?

riteshgupta1 wrote:
AJB77,

It has no pronoun problem but a singular/plural verb problem.

I agree that the answer should be E.

Why I picked D is to verify the concept of restrictive clause?

Here is what I saw,

that were requested is a restrictive clause modifying the "wages". I want to make sure from guys like you that the restrictive clause not only modifies the object of the prepositional phrase but a subject which is a combination of subject + PP.

For example,

One of the students who are studying biology is in my class.
Or
One of the students who is studying biology is in my class.

Now if you look at 1st example, Restrictive clause "who were studying biology" is modifying student(s) is correct.

In second, Restrictive clause "who is studying biology" is modifying student(s) is not correct because the restrictive clause is modifying students which is plural.
[/b]
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4245

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29 Jun 2005, 11:40
fresinha, you can read my first post on this page and also my reply to gmataquaguy. I explained it all there: http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... 2&start=20

Basically, you would say:
1- One of the student is...
or
2- One of the student who are...
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Director
Joined: 18 Feb 2008
Posts: 767
Re: SC:increase in hourly wages [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2009, 10:56
E
But it is so awkward. the employees of the railroad?
Manager
Joined: 26 Jun 2009
Posts: 54
Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, [#permalink]

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Updated on: 17 Dec 2013, 00:40
5
5
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.

(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

Originally posted by skg on 14 Aug 2009, 05:58.
Last edited by pqhai on 17 Dec 2013, 00:40, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA
Manager
Joined: 12 Aug 2008
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Location: Buffalo, NY
Schools: Simon '11
Re: please explain [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 06:01
IMO.... D

"In addition to" is the correct idiom, not "added to" eliminate A, B and C

D is more concise... "railroad employees" is correct over "employees of the railroad".
Manager
Joined: 26 Jun 2009
Posts: 54
Re: please explain [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 06:03
Well I agree with you, but the official answer is E
Manager
Joined: 12 Aug 2008
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Location: Buffalo, NY
Schools: Simon '11
Re: please explain [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 06:07
1
Oh... Perhaps "that were" is used incorrectly in choice D. I believe it should be "which were" Though I still believe that "employees of the railroad" is not correct...
Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 636
Re: please explain [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 06:15
skg wrote:
57. Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(A) Added to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(B) Added to the increase in hourly wages which had been requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(C) The railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits added to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July.
(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

both D and E are correct .. may be restricted reduced clause(' wages requested ' rather than 'wages that were requested ') in E made better choice?
Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
Posts: 21
Re: please explain [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 06:39
1
Another line of reasoning to consider here is 'WHO' requested increase in hourly wages.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits
Director
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 680
WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)
Re: please explain [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2009, 06:46
hagadre wrote:
Another line of reasoning to consider here is 'WHO' requested increase in hourly wages.

(D) In addition to the increase in hourly wages that were requested last July, the railroad employees are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits.
(E) In addition to the increase in hourly wages requested last July, the employees of the railroad are now seeking an expanded program of retirement benefits

I do not agree to the reason you mentioned. I think 'The railroad employees'(*Note it is a noun phrase with employee as the main subject) is better than 'the employees of rail road'.
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Re: please explain   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2009, 06:46

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