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Advanced SC: Fossils of a whale

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Director
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29 Jul 2009, 09:41
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Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by abhimahna on 19 Jun 2017, 10:09, edited 1 time in total.

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29 Jul 2009, 09:48
sudeep wrote:
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has should be have since plural fossils

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has should be have since plural fossils

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
were is wrong here - should be was.

I think A sounds about right.
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29 Jul 2009, 09:50
will go with A...was tempted for option B...got confused because of the word 'Fossils'

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29 Jul 2009, 10:18
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A ..it is ...
nothing wrong with the Sentence...

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Director
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29 Jul 2009, 11:59
S-V agreement : has Vs have - have wins

"having" is wrong almost/always wrong on GMAT.

A

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04 Aug 2009, 19:08
Question guys,

Is it correct to avoid a comma after hominids?
A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids, have

Thanks!

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Director
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04 Aug 2009, 19:21
coyotecojo wrote:
Question guys,

Is it correct to avoid a comma after hominids?
A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids, have

I think that would be wrong. if you read the sentence withought the adjective ('that' pronoun reference clause), it will be " Fossils of a whale , have been recovered by paleontologists" so obviously this construction is wrong.

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06 Aug 2009, 04:10
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IMO A
B & C - It should be have not has
D - not much insight in having been usage but it sounds wrong to me.
E - were is not required not it is correct.

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08 Aug 2009, 21:45
IMO A
B & C - Have should be used to agree with "fossils"
D & E - seem to have incorrect verb tense

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10 Feb 2011, 02:36
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Fossils of a whale <<that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have>> been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

This example was posted earlier, the oa is A
Can somebody explain why usage of <<was>> is correct?

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10 Feb 2011, 03:40
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'That' is a relative pronoun which refers to the preceeding word. Therefore in this case that is refering to whales.

D & E are out - inadequate use of 'having been'.
Fossils is plural and requires have and not has - S&V agreement;B & C are out.
The sentence has a passive tone and requires simple past. Therefore 'was subsequently butchered' is used.

A overcomes all the mentioned errors

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10 Feb 2011, 04:22
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@Lolaergasheva: Ask a simple question. What was butchered? You will know that the fossils were not butchered; it was the whale that was butchered. Can any other verb but ‘was’ suit the singular whale.
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10 Feb 2011, 04:22
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@Lolaergasheva: Ask a simple question. What was butchered? You will know that the fossils were not butchered; it was the whale that was butchered. Can any other verb but ‘was’ suit the singular whale.
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10 Feb 2011, 19:20
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Lolaergasheva wrote:
Fossils of a whale <<that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have>> been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

This example was posted earlier, the oa is A
Can somebody explain why usage of <<was>> is correct?

You ask a good question here, and although others have given completely correct explanations I want to boil it down to a key point:

Unless there is a clear reason to use a more complex tense, you want to use the simplest tense possible. In this example, the whale beached (simple past tense) and was butchered (simple past tense). This is clear, parallel, and simple.

Hope that helps!
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10 Feb 2011, 21:15
'was' or 'were' will depend on whether the subject is plural or singular.

Here the subject is 'a whale' , essentially singular.

hence, was.

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07 Nov 2011, 03:12
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what is was referring to in option A??

Posted from my mobile device

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07 Nov 2011, 03:51
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siddhans wrote:
what is was referring to in option A??

Posted from my mobile device

Fossils of a whale that (beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids) have been recovered by paleontologists.

"was subsequently ......" is parallel with "beached on an ..." and describes "whale".
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07 Nov 2011, 07:50

In option D,E- having is incorrect.
The subject here is fossils(Plural) and hence the verb should be have.Hence B & C are out.

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09 Jul 2012, 04:32

Trap is to mix-match S-V agreements.
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10 Jul 2012, 10:44
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sudeep wrote:
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.
A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have
B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has
C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has
D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have
E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

The subject of the sentence is Fossils, not Whale. So, the correct form of "have" should be "have", not "has". Hence, eliminate B and C.

In choice D and E, HAVING BEEN makes sense that the verb beached already happen and ambiguously modified either FOSSILS or WHALE. Therefore, we can eliminate choice D and E.

The remain correct one is A.
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Re: Advanced SC: Fossils of a whale   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2012, 10:44

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