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In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000

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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2016, 03:44
In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought its western border within reach of the Pacific Ocean.


A. In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought
B. For about four cents an acre the United States acquired, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size and it brought not parallel
C. With the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, more than doubling its size and bringing
D. The United States, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, for about four cents an acre, acquired 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size, bringing
E. Acquiring 828,000 square miles in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States bought it for about four cents an acre, more than doubling the country's size and bringing :-

It in underline sentence & its in non-underline sentence don't agree with each other. That's the main problem.

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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2017, 00:13
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button – closing this request.

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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2017, 17:18
Straight C
- "United States acquired...": Direct and preferred
- "..doubling....bringing...." absolute phrase maintaining parallelism - elegant solution.

Issue with A
- "..an acre, which...": modifier touch rule issue, an acre did not double and bring anything. [note: 'an acre' is not an essential modifier]

Issue with E
- what is "it" referring to?

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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2017, 05:07
In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought its western border within reach of the Pacific Ocean.

(A) In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought

(B) For about four cents an acre the United States acquired, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size and it brought

(C) With the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, more than doubling its size and bringing

(D) The United States, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, for about four cents an acre, acquired 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size, bringing

(E) Acquiring 828,000 square miles in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States bought it for about four cents an acre, more than doubling the country's size and bringing

GMATNinja Why (C) use "more than doubling" since the event is in the past? Why both (A) and (D) is incorrect?
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In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 08:08
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hazelnut wrote:
In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought its western border within reach of the Pacific Ocean.

(A) In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought

(B) For about four cents an acre the United States acquired, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size and it brought

(C) With the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, more than doubling its size and bringing

(D) The United States, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, for about four cents an acre, acquired 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size, bringing

(E) Acquiring 828,000 square miles in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States bought it for about four cents an acre, more than doubling the country's size and bringing

GMATNinja Why (C) use "more than doubling" since the event is in the past? Why both (A) and (D) is incorrect?

"Doubling" is an "-ing" modifier -- otherwise known as a participle -- and since it's NOT a verb, it has no tense, and can be used to modify something in the past. For example, "Following in my father's footsteps, I became a teacher." Similarly, "doubling" (or "more than doubling" can be used to modify the past action ("acquired 828,000 square miles"). See the previous topic of the week on "-ing" words for more on this: https://gmatclub.com/forum/experts-topi ... 39780.html

As for choice (A) and (D), refer to the explanations below:


Please review the previous posts in this thread before posting additional questions!
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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2017, 20:36
Nihit wrote:
In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought its western border within reach of the Pacific Ocean.

(A) In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought

(B) For about four cents an acre the United States acquired, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size and it brought

(C)With the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, more than doubling its size and bringing

(D)The United States, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, for about four cents an acre, acquired 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size, bringing

(E)Acquiring 828,000 square miles in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States bought it for about four cents an acre, more than doubling the country's size and bringing


I still want to know whether "acquiring..." in choice E is incorrect.

I think that in the pattern
doing phrase, main clause

the action of "doing" happen a little before the action of the main clause. if this is correct, then choice E is wrong because the action of "buying" happen before the action of "acquiring" .

and in the pattern
main clause, doing phrase,

the action in main clause happen a little before the action in doing phrase

is my thinking correct?
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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2017, 12:38
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victory47 wrote:
Post subject: Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 Posted: May 24, 2017 9:36 pm
Nihit wrote:
In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought its western border within reach of the Pacific Ocean.

(A) In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, which more than doubled the country's size and that brought

(B) For about four cents an acre the United States acquired, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size and it brought

(C)With the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the United States acquired 828,000 square miles for about four cents an acre, more than doubling its size and bringing

(D)The United States, in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, for about four cents an acre, acquired 828,000 square miles, more than doubling the country's size, bringing

(E)Acquiring 828,000 square miles in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States bought it for about four cents an acre, more than doubling the country's size and bringing


I still want to know whether "acquiring..." in choice E is incorrect.

I think that in the pattern
doing phrase, main clause

the action of "doing" happen a little before the action of the main clause. if this is correct, then choice E is wrong because the action of "buying" happen before the action of "acquiring" .

and in the pattern
main clause, doing phrase,

the action in main clause happen a little before the action in doing phrase

is my thinking correct?


"Acquiring" is a little bit tricky in this case. You'll want to think of "acquiring" as a modifier, not a verb (for more on the various uses of "-ing" words, check out this thread if you haven't already seen it). And in most GMAT questions, the principal issue is whether the "-ing" modifier can logically modify the subject of the clause that follows.

And in that sense, "acquiring" is OK in (E): the United States acquired the 828,000 square miles of territory, so that aspect of it seems fine.

But more broadly, I'm not sure that the construction makes a whole lot of sense in (E). "Acquiring" and "bought" are basically the same thing here, since the acquisition was a purchase. So why the heck would we use "acquiring 828,000 square miles in the Louisiana Purchase..." as a phrase that modifies "the United States bought..."? At minimum, that seems unnecessarily wordy, and it's arguably completely redundant.

It also sounds like you might have the impression that the "-ing" modifier ("acquiring", in this case) has to "occur" before the next action in the sentence ("bought"), and that simply isn't true. "Acquiring" is a modifier, not a verb -- and there's no reason why the modifier would (somehow) "happen" before the clause.

I hope this helps!
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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2017, 22:57
victory47 wrote:
I think that in the pattern
doing phrase, main clause

the action of "doing" happen a little before the action of the main clause. if this is correct, then choice E is wrong because the action of "buying" happen before the action of "acquiring" .

Hi victory47, generally in this kind of a construct, the actions concurrent / continuous (and not discrete).

Perhaps you might be confusing this with another typical construct (having + past participle), which does establish a time sequence of the nature that you have mentioned. So, the sentence needs to be:

Having acquired 828,000 square miles in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the United States....

In this construct indeed, the action of acquiring happened before the action of the main clause.
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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 08:35
As the sentence implies, the purchase / acquisition of the land resulted in the doubling of the size, so there is a direct cause and effect relationship. We must use ‘verb-ing’ for the effect. So the two words should be ‘doubling’ and bringing. This eliminates A and B.

C. Correct

D. As there are two effects, there must be the word ‘and’ between them … so ‘and bringing’ should be used. Moreover the sentence is extremely awkward.

E. The word ‘Louisiana’ in ‘the Louisiana Purchase of 1803’ functions as an adjective. The pronoun ‘it’ mistakenly refers to the adjective ‘Louisiana’. As pronouns can refer back only to nouns, this choice is wrong.
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Re: In the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. the United States acquired 828.000   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2017, 08:35

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