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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein

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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Dec 2014, 09:16
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I believe answer choices A and B are very close...

However, answer choice B is not grammatically incorrect. It just changes the original meaning of the sentence.

Answer choice A says:
After moving to Switzerland, Einstein attended a school in Zurich. There, he did 2 things:
a- received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and
b- developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.
These 2 things are consequences of Einstein attending that school in Zurich.

This makes sense. This answer is correct grammatically.


Answer choice B says.
After moving to Switzerland, Einstein did 2 things:
1- he attended a school in Zurich. There, he received in-depth training in quantitative analysis (the ING Modifier "receiving in-depth training..." modifies "attended the Swiss Federal...")
2- developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.
This means that the foundation for his future work was not developed as a consequence of attending the school in Zurich but was indeed developed after moving to Switzerland.

This also makes sense and it is correct grammatically.



So, how you tell the difference?
1- You know the biography of Einstein cold (not required for the GMAT)
2- You refer to the intended meaning of the original sentence. In other words, answer choice A states the correct sequence of events. Answer choice B states a slightly different scenario and thus distorts the intended original meaning.


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Originally posted by minwoswoh on 21 Dec 2014, 12:56.
Last edited by minwoswoh on 24 Dec 2014, 09:16, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2014, 11:55
carcass wrote:
sayansarkar wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

a.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
b.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
c.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
d.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
e.attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing


Aside answer choice A all the others lack of parallellism.

Hope this helps you


PS: is not a 700 level. Maybe 600


If in B, there had been a coma before developed would that have been correct? I thought developed was parallel with attended.

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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2016, 07:06
sayansarkar wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

a.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
b.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
c.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
d.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
e.attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing


Only A makes perfect sense here...
he attended Uni, and as a result, he received training + developed...

B is incorrect, as it puts attended and developed on the same level of timing. + improperly connected.
C this one has few errors. it should either be A, B, and C, or present all 3 elements as clauses. Nonetheless, it makes the same error as B does, putting everything on the same level on timeline.
D improperly connected the first modifier.
E classic no verb error :)

A is the correct answer.
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2016, 23:22
sukeshap, C breaks parallelism: Einstein attended school, received training, and he developed a foundation. We can have just one subject, or we can have a subject for all the verbs, but we can't mix and match!

"Receiving and training" in A serves as a modifier. Those are not present tense verbs. In fact, they're not verbs at all! They are present participles, and this use of present participles as modifiers is extremely common.

1) She dominated the Olympics, earning top scores in every event.
2) A rumor circulating when I was in school was that Pop Rocks and Coke together could kill you.


In both the above cases, we're talking about the past, but the present participles serves as a modifier. In 1), "earning top scores" is an adverbial modifier that adds information to the previous clause. In 2), "circulating" is a noun modifier describing "rumor." This modifier is in turn modified by "when I was in school." Neither of these "-ing" words is a verb, so we don't have to worry about a clash of tenses.
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2017, 10:41
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2017, 09:39
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing -Correct
(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed -receiving and developed aren't parallel
(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed -meaning is altered. He attended the school and at the same time received training so we need verb+ing
(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing -receiving and developed aren't parallel
(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing -attending is wrong
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein   [#permalink] 03 Dec 2017, 09:39

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