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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein

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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2009, 11:14
crejoc wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing

B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

OA :
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..


good question..

it is between B and C
but I pick B.
'Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich' is main clause and rest of the structure should be either modifiers or subordinate or dependent clause.

I think you need a present participle as a modifier rather than past participle here .. reason is 'AE was receiving' sounds better than 'AE is received' so A, B and E left.

some how A and E dont fit ... so I pick B..

if we pick past participle, then C fits the bill but I stil think B is better.

if B is correct then I can explain myreasoning more in detail .

very good question. OE is appreciated.

+1 kudos for ya for posting this question.

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2009, 11:40
crejoc wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing

B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

OA :
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

EXPLAIN the correct answer as well as why other options are wrong..



I pick A because... "receiving" and "developing" are present participle that can modify the main clause. Other choices either are not parallel or does not have main clause.

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2009, 11:43
ugimba wrote:
but I pick B.


OA is A, receiving must be parallel with developing (receiving and developing are gerunds here ), the main verb is 'attended'. I think A for parallelism.

In all other options parallelism is not maintained except E, In E 'attending' is incorrect, as it is also followed by two more gerunds and the sentence is awkward.

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2009, 11:44
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I thought there was a comma between 'analysis' and 'and developed'. ..

without comma, B is wrong .. I agree with the OA .. hmmm shld have looked little bit more carefully. :oops:

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2009, 18:17
ugimba wrote:

+1 kudos for ya for posting this question.

Hey thanks for your kudos... :-D

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2009, 02:21
IMO A
Others are wrong based on ||ism. Picked A just because others got eliminated and I couldn't find error in A.

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2009, 02:53
Main verb : attended and the other sub clauses should have the verbs in parallel hence IMO A

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 10:09
hemantsood wrote:
IMO A
Others are wrong based on ||ism. Picked A just because others got eliminated and I couldn't find error in A.


well if you could explain how you eliminated other answer choices, it would be very helpful, thanks in advance...

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 10:31
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Quote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
-correct
- gerunds are correct here as 'receiving' and 'developing' happened while he attended the school. 'Gerunds' correctly modifying the preceding clause.
B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
it changes the meaning.

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing


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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2009, 10:45
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This one is a classic parallelism list vs modifier problem. The 'receiving' part apparently appears to be a modifier, a reason for AE attending the school. And if it were one, it must have been modifying the nearest noun (subject or object, whatever be it) the school. But, evidently it is not and therefore, it's a parallelism issue. And as the formula for parallelism goes, every 2+ in the list should follow exactly the structure and style of 2 in the list. Obviously, A wins!!!!
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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This Q requires knowledge in ||ism, comma splice and participle modifier



A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
- correct 'receiving... and developing ...' acts as participle phrase for the main clause, 'attended the swiss ...'



B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

here attended , receiving and developed are not ||.

If I were to correct this option it would have read either


attended the swiss ..., received ... and developed - making the sentence ||

or

attended ... ;receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, he developed... - This case,puntuated with a comma , has 'receiving in-depth training' as participle modifier



C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed - note the comman before and .


The correct form for this option is either

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

or

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich and received in-depth training, and he developed.. - in this case 'and he developed' is a conjunctive clause preceded by a comma, avoiding a comman splice .




D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing - not ||

The correct form would have been

attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich and received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing... - in this case 'developing..' acts as a participle phrase . I am not sure whether this would become a dangling modifier.


E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

- there is no verb and the sentence structure is seriously flawed in this option
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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2010, 07:21
I think it should be A as well. I picked D initially but didn't like the comma placement.

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2010, 07:56
Ok guys, help me out here. I thought that ||ism required that the attend receive and develop all be the same - meaning end in unf or ed... So attended received and developed would be the right combination... But I don't see that option here at all... Can someone please clarify what rules are at play here? Thanks

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2010, 09:04
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the correct option should be either

Einstein attended the school, received in-depth training, and developed a foundation.

OR

Einstein attended the school, receiving in-depth training and developing a foundation --> here the modifier 'receiving' and 'developing' are modifying the entire preceding clause and 'receiving' and 'developing' are parallel

Lets look at the options.

After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing - CORRECT

(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed - not parallel

(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed - not parallel

(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing - not parallel

(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing - awkward

Hope this helps!

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2010, 11:07
Hi mainhoon,

When you read the sentence think of it like this...... "As result of attending the Swiss school, Einstien received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed a foundation for future work"

So the "receiving of training and developing a foundation" happened because Einstein attended the school.

Hence the part after comma "receiving in-depth training and developing a foundation" refers to the entire preceding clause "Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich".

Now if the sentence were written the way you suggested.... attended, received, and developed...then there would be no modifier issue going on.

Hope this helps!

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2010, 14:35
IMO A
very good question that demonstrates the need to understasnd the meaning and be logical.....

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2010, 02:14
sudeep wrote:
Quote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
-correct
- gerunds are correct here as 'receiving' and 'developing' happened while he attended the school. 'Gerunds' correctly modifying the preceding clause.
B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
it changes the meaning.

D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing


Thank you. Your explanation is very clear to me.

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2010, 03:02
very good question. thanks for posting this!!!

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Re: Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2010, 16:43
To me it's no so much about the paralelism as about grammatical rules and structure of the sentence.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
This sentence is correct
(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
Comma should be here before and.
(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he
developed
He is redundant - without comma and he - I would incline to such answer.
(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
This could be correct, but only with and before received. Without and I makes you to expect something more with -ed form, but modifier comes instead.
(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing
Comma is redundant here.
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Re: Albert Einstein   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2010, 16:43

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