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After several years of rapid growth, the health care company

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After several years of rapid growth, the health care company [#permalink]

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After several years of rapid growth, the health care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to doctors and hospitals.

A. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to

B. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business and fell months behind in its payment to

C. but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its paying

D. but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

E. but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Very tough question (for me) [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2009, 00:04
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Here's how to ellipse:


After several years of rapid growth, the health care company became \(X(\)one of the largest health care providers in the Metropolitan area\()\), but then proved \(Y(\)unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying\()\)


company became X but (then) proved Y

falling... is a descriptive verb modifier, which the GMAT absolutely loves.

Final Answer, E.
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Re: After several years of rapid growth, the health care company [#permalink]

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email2vm wrote:
After several years of rapid growth, the health care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to doctors and hospitals.

A. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to

B. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business and fell months behind in its payment to

C. but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its paying

D. but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

E. but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

in option E but (conjunction) is preceded by comma which means that 'but' should be followed by an independent clause. But I do not find any noun in it.

Please correct me if I am wrong.


Hi email2vm

First, just want to correct your thought of conjunction "but". Coordinating conjunctions connect NOT ONLY clauses, but also words, phrases.

In this question, yes, but should connect two clauses. However, we should not repeat the same subject to make a sentence concise.
For example: Peter is very smart but he is very lazy ==> we can rewrite the sentence: Peter is very smart but he is very lazy.

The idea is the same for E.

After several years of rapid growth, the health care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, but then the company proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

Note: "falling months behind in paying" is verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modifies the preceding clause "bu then proved unable to handle the increase in business".

Hope it helps.
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Re: SC - a problem once appeared in real GMAT [#permalink]

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After several years of rapid growth, the healthy care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to doctors and hospitals.

A. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to --at the same time? No, the meaning is not
B. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business and fell months behind in its payment to
C. but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its paying--What does the "it" refer to? "its paying" is definitely wrong here.
D. but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying
E. but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying --correct

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Re: After several years of rapid growth, the health care company [#permalink]

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Hi Jose,

Thanks for posting your question here. :-)

The correct answer choice indeed presents a bewildering use of comma + but. Generally, comma + but (FANBOYS) is followed by an Independent Clause. But in this case we see that is certainly not happening.

What we need to understand here is that "but" is not used as one of the FANBOYS here. It is not used as a coordinating conjunction. It is rather used as a parallel marker that denotes the parallel list in the sentence and shows contrast.

After several years of rapid growth, the healthy care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying doctors and hospitals.

Let's approach the sentence from the meaning standpoint. The sentence says that the healthy care company became one of the largest health care providers. This is the positive point about the healthy care company. The later part of the sentence says that it proved unable to handle the increase in business, and as a result, they failed months behind in paying doctors and hospitals. This certainly is the negative point of the healthy care company. Use of "but" clearly and correctly brings about this contrast.

The use of comma before "but" actually provides that much needed pause in the sentence to understand that the first part is talking about the positive aspect. So this comma actually enhances our reading in order to understand the meaning better.

Also. all the other answer choices have glaring grammatical errors. Choice E is the only one free of any grammatical error. So we learn something new here. comma + but can also be used to indicate parallel list in the sentence. It is not necessary that comma + but has to be followed by an independent clause.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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After several years of rapid growth, the health care company [#permalink]

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After several years of rapid growth, the health care company became one of the largest health care providers in the Metropolitan area, while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to doctors and hospitals

(A) while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to
(B) while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business and fell months behind in its payment to
(C) but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its paying
(D) but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying
(E) but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

It's in Gmatprep, one of the hardest questions I have ever faced. Who can have the clearest answer ? I think it's all about meaning, which is sometimes above my knowledge

P?S: with each post, I will pose question against your explanation until I meet a stronger one than mine

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Re: After several years of rapid growth, the health [#permalink]

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Hi,

The answer to me is 'E'.

In C you do not need the two extra 'it' and 'its' - There is only one subject in the sentence 'health care company' - as there is no potential for confusion you do not need to repeat it.

There would be more justification for the second 'its' if the word order was slightly different.

Currently:

'in its paying'

better would be

'in paying its'

This would be qualifying whose doctors are being paid, currently it is an awkward way of saying who is doing the paying
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Re: SC - Health care company [#permalink]

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IMO :E
My reasoning in line ...


Its a 2/3 split question ..
Between C D and E .
C. but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind
in its paying...sounds akward .
D. but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind
in paying..wrong tense
E. but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind
in paying
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Re: Very tough question (for me) [#permalink]

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I like this question as it tests several concepts.
E.

The meaning suggests that we need contrasting "but", not "while" in the way it is used.
See below for other comments.
Minheequang wrote:
After several years of rapid growth, the health care company became one of the largest health care providers in the Metropolitan area, while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to doctors and hospitals

(A) while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to
(B) while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business and fell months behind in its payment to
(C) but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its paying ask yourselves, do we really need a pronoun "it"? What if we can make "but" portion of the sentence parallel with the first part of the sentence? Say, "company became blah blah blah but then proved blah blah blah" is much better. In this case, "company" is the subject of both "became" and "proved", and therefore there is no need for "it". Such "it"s introduce circularity to the sentence and therefore should be be avoided. Also, "it" can refer to "Metropolitan area"
(D) but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying "proving" is not parallel with "became"
(E) but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying Correct - See C

It's in Gmatprep, one of the hardest questions I have ever faced. Who can have the clearest answer ? I think it's all about meaning, which is sometimes above my knowledge

P?S: with each post, I will pose question against your explanation until I meet a stronger one than mine

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Re: Very tough question (for me) [#permalink]

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E . WE can eliminate D for using proving...A,B and C are emoved because they use "it" and its not clear what "it" refers to...So E is the answer...
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Re: Very tough question (for me) [#permalink]

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Answer is E.

As mentioned before there is a subject verb misalignment. Payment in the original should have been plural. Leaves us with D & E.

D can be be comfortably crossed out as it refers to present cont. whilst this is to have been in the past.

OA pls?
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Re: Very tough question (for me) [#permalink]

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E , imo
"but" is needed to introduce the contrast.
C would be right if it were something like this. Also "in its" in C is wrong.

"but then it proved (that it was) unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its paying

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After several years of rapid growth, the health care company [#permalink]

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After several years of rapid growth, the health care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to doctors and hospitals.

A. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its
payment to

B. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business and fell months behind in its
payment to

C. but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its paying

D. but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

E. but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

OA after discussion. I came down to C and E but picked the wrong one.
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Re: After several years of rapid growth, the health care company [#permalink]

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Long compound sentences comprising two ICs that are connected by coordinating conjunctions such as and , or, but and so on ( there are seven of them called fanboys) generally use a comma before the conjunction; But this is skippable in short sentences

He hoped that he could get through his GMAT with over 700, but could hardly manage just 550
He wanted not tea but coffee
In the second case, we have not used any comma before but although the conjunction connects two independent nouns namely tea and coffee.
So connecting two ICS is only one of the functions of these fanboys, although they also connect other things as tow adverbs, verbs, adjective, adverbs, prepositional phrases etc
It may be also seen that in compound it is perfectly ok to skip the subject of the second IC in order to avoid redundancy, provided the subject of the first IC can also stand for the second IC.
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After several years of rapid growth, the health care company [#permalink]

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After several years of rapid growth, the healthy care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to doctors and hospitals.

A. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to
B. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business and fell months behind in its payment to
C. but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its paying
D. but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying
E. but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

Correct ANS:
After several years of rapid growth, the healthy care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying doctors and hospitals.

Analysis:
Independent clause 1:
"After several years of rapid growth" this is a prepositional phrase modifying "the healthy company"


"the healthy care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area",

Independent clause 2:but then proved unable to handle the increase in business,

Verb-ing modifier modifying 2nd independent clause:falling months behind in paying doctors and hospitals.

My doubth is:For each independent clause there should be independent subject and verb.IC1 has got its own subject and verb "the healthy care company became"

But IC2 ,which starts with coordinating conjunction "but" is lacking of subject, it has only verb "Proved".
From the context, it is clear that the subject of the second IC is the health care company, if this is the case, my doubt is can a subject of one independent clause acts as the subject of another Independent clause?

Another point: "But" can act both as preposition and coordinating conjunction.
in this case, if this "But" is acting as a preposition or as a connector , then really the "comma" is required or not?

How can we know, whether " But" is using as coordinating conjunction or as a preposition?

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D.but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in paying

Needs contracts in logic... eliminate A and B.

C used "its paying" why possesive? Incorrect.

D and E are close...

E has "... then proved ... paying" which is wrong tense usage... if it has already "proved" then why "paying".

D provides correct ||ism : proving ..paying

Answer: D

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New post 07 Sep 2006, 10:01
can we see paralleism between "proving" and "paying"?
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New post 07 Sep 2006, 10:07
I guess not going by the answers I see...

The way I think, the company is implicitly proving that it cannot handle the growth by not paying the doctors and hospitals.

I would have gone for E if there was "by" between the two parts i.e.

"but then proved unable to ... by falling behind.... "

But as there is no "by", I think it should be "proving" and "paying".


ak_idc wrote:
can we see paralleism between "proving" and "paying"?

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New post 07 Sep 2006, 18:53
In E I thought we need "fell months behind"

Looks like D

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After several years of rapid growth, the healthy care [#permalink]

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After several years of rapid growth, the healthy care company became one of the largest health care providers in the metropolitan area, while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind in its payment to doctors and hospitals.
A. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months
behind in its payment to
B. while it then proved unable to handle the increase in business and fell months
behind in its payment to
C. but then it proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind
in its paying
D. but then proving unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind
in paying
E. but then proved unable to handle the increase in business, falling months behind
in paying

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After several years of rapid growth, the healthy care   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2006, 20:12

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