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After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the

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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2014, 23:54
Sorry people, cant understand why D is incorrect. Please help. Below is my reasoning.

the nation’s semiconductor industry (this is singular) has/have made a long-awaited recovery.-- I would go with 'has' here, please let me know this is incorrect.
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2014, 00:30
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seabhi wrote:
Sorry people, cant understand why D is incorrect. Please help. Below is my reasoning.

the nation’s semiconductor industry (this is singular) has/have made a long-awaited recovery.-- I would go with 'has' here, please let me know this is incorrect.


65. After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the nation’s semiconductor industry, which makes chips that run everything from computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have made a long-awaited recovery.
(A) computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have
(B) computers, spy satellites, and dishwashers, appears having
(C) computers, spy satellites, and dishwashers, appears that it has
(D) computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears that it has(A)
(E) computers and spy satellites as well as dishwashers, appears to have


Notice that in Sentence A the main verb is appears which is singular and goes with subject nation's semiconductor industry.

in option D "that it has" actually makes the sentence redundant and long.
the nation’s semiconductor industry, which makes chips that run everything from computers and spy satellites to dishwashers,appears that it has made a long-awaited recovery

"The semiconductor industry appears that it has made -------> The construction doesn't make sense"

A does a much better job here

More explanation is here :http://gmatclub.com/forum/after-suffering-2-billion-in-losses-and-25-000-layoffs-the-82694.html#p1164316

after-suffering-2-billion-in-losses-and-25-000-layoffs-the-82694.html#p619796

after-suffering-2-billion-in-losses-and-25-000-layoffs-the-24319.html?fl=similar
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2014, 02:58
Thank you every body for your responses. I can not understand why D is wrong.

My approach to the question:

1. Eliminate B,C and E- The correct idiom should be "from A and B to C". With this step we only have two possible answers A or D.

2. Semiconductor Industry is a singular subject, so we should use appears (A and D use appears). but I do not know why we should use have and not has. For me the correct form should be has. I am confused.

In the verbal review 2nd edition the explanation says: The main verb appears is intansitive and is most efficiently followed by the infinitive form TO HAVE.

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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2014, 08:35
In option D, the sentence structure is as below

semiconductor industry appears that it has made the long awaited recovery -- this sentence does not make sense if the pronoun 'it' refers to the semiconductor industry. it actually reads like this..

'semiconductor industry' appears that 'semiconductor industry' has made. -- this makes no sense.

also to use 'appears that' is idiomatically incorrect without an expletive subject 'it'

'It' appears that the semiconductor industry has made ( here it is the expletive subject as in " It is raining"
that would have been right, (provided it fitted with the actual sentence. )


A is right since it uses the infinitive "to have" when using infinitive, even for singular subject the verb will be 'to have'


just think which of the below two sentences make sense.

he appears to have grown taller
he appears that he has grown taller.

definitely the first one.. thats why A is right. hope this helps

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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2014, 23:53
pablluca wrote:
Thank you every body for your responses. I can not understand why D is wrong.

My approach to the question:

1. Eliminate B,C and E- The correct idiom should be "from A and B to C". With this step we only have two possible answers A or D.

2. Semiconductor Industry is a singular subject, so we should use appears (A and D use appears). but I do not know why we should use have and not has. For me the correct form should be has. I am confused.

In the verbal review 2nd edition the explanation says: The main verb appears is intansitive and is most efficiently followed by the infinitive form TO HAVE.

As shirvats rightly pointed out in the mail above, the only instance that comes to my mind, when appears that would be correct is in: It appears that... construct, where it is used as a placeholder.

to have made in option A is a perfect infinitive. The perfect infinitive has an interesting usage, in that it always indicates that its action happened before the action of the main verb of the clause. A question that comes to mind is # 76 in OG-13 (Combining enormous physical strength with higher intelligence...); you might want to look into it.

p.s. Perfect infinitive has been discussed in detail in our book. If you can PM me your mail id, I can send the corresponding section to you.
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2014, 02:44
in the pattern

appear to have done

have done show an action which happen before "appear" or which finished before "appear". pls, explain

I want to know of the relation between these two verbs
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2014, 21:02
vietmoi999 wrote:
in the pattern

appear to have done

have done show an action which happen before "appear" or which finished before "appear". pls, explain

You are right; this is exactly what it depicts. In appear to have done, the act of doing finished before appears.

So, here, appears is simple present tense, and so, the perfect infinitive acts as present perfect (the act of doing finished at some unspecified time before now).

If the phrase was appeared to have, then perfect infinitive would act as past perfect.
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2015, 19:45
In SC ,look out for logical errors too ,
In this example :
After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the nation’s semiconductor industry, which makes chips that run everything from computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have made a long-awaited recovery.

In the the highlighted part computers and spy satellites to dishwashers is a modifier .Read the sentence after removing it and option [A] and [E] will stand out .
Now look at the meaning conveyed by the modifier : computers and spy satellites to dishwashers The semiconductor industry makes everything including computers ,spy satellites to dishwaters.[E] distorts this message by saying computers and spy satellites as well as dishwashers

A is the answer .

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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2016, 02:13
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2016, 17:22
SPLIT1) "FROM…TO" IDIOM. B,C AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT2) "APPEARS THAT IT HAS" IS NOT CORRECT. D IS OUT. "APPEARS THAT" COMES AFTER "IT" IN THE EXAMPLE: "IT APPEARS THAT…" THE WAY D IT MAKES THE SENTENCE WEIRD.

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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2017, 09:58
After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the nation’s semiconductor industry, which makes chips that run everything from computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have made a long-awaited recovery.
(A) computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have - Correct
(B) computers, spy satellites, and dishwashers, appears having - From X to Y is correct idiom ; appears having is incorrect, appears is followed by to verb form
(C) computers, spy satellites, and dishwashers, appears that it has - From X to Y is correct idiom ; appears that is incorrect
(D) computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears that it has - appears that is incorrect
(E) computers and spy satellites as well as dishwashers, appears to have - From X to Y is correct idiom

Answer A
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2017, 03:21
hao922 wrote:
elevinty wrote:
am confused here, what is wrong with D, I think D grammatically is right. "Appear that" is an idiom too, none of you provided an explanation why it is wrong.
??????? I think am missing something here


"appears that" is normally used after "it".
For example: It appears that he has done well in the exam.

It is awkward to say: He appears that he has done well in the exam.
"He appears to have done well in the exam" sounds better.


you are correct
if we use "that", we need "it" as a fake subject. real subject can not go with "that" , but go with "to do".
this is purely grammartical. and so, it is easy.
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2017, 09:57
After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the nation’s semiconductor industry, which makes chips that run everything from computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have made a long-awaited recovery.

Issue: Idiom | Construction

Analysis:
1. Since the non-underlined part of the sentence specified "everything from...", we need "to" to complete the phrase "from X to Y".
2. Core of the sentence: "...industry(, which....,) appears to have made a recovery". "appears having..." and "appears that it has..." have the wrong verb form.


(A) computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have

(B) computers, spy satellites, and dishwashers, appears having
- Unidiomatic; Uses "and" instead of a "to"
- Incorrect verb form: "having"


(C) computers, spy satellites, and dishwashers, appears that it has
- Unidiomatic; Uses "and" instead of a "to"
- Incorrect construction: "that it has"


(D) computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears that it has
- Incorrect construction: "that it has"

(E) computers and spy satellites as well as dishwashers, appears to have
- Unidiomatic; Uses "as well as" instead of a "to"

Answer: (A)

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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2017, 15:53
stuck between A and D: D is wrong, because "appear that it" is incorrect.

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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 21:06
After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the nation’s semiconductor industry, which makes chips that run everything from computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have made a long-awaited recovery.

The original sentence maintains subject verb agreement and uses the correct idiom from A to B
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 05:57
sacmanitin wrote:
65. After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the nation’s semiconductor industry, which makes chips that run everything from computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have made a long-awaited recovery.
(A) computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears to have
(B) computers, spy satellites, and dishwashers, appears having
(C) computers, spy satellites, and dishwashers, appears that it has
(D) computers and spy satellites to dishwashers, appears that it has
(E) computers and spy satellites as well as dishwashers, appears to have


Idiom - From X to Y
B,C,E are OUT.
Between A & D.

D - 'Appears that it has' is unnecessarily wordy and has an awkward construction . OUT.
A - Correct answer.
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Re: After suffering $2 billion in losses and 25,000 layoffs, the [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 01:00
A - Correct. The sentence is grammatically correct and uses the idiomatic expression correctly.
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