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# After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the

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Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2006
Posts: 65
After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2007, 18:03
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Question Stats:

63% (00:33) correct 38% (00:37) wrong based on 47 sessions

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After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall on their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, a way to protect the city against another disaster.

A) a way to protect
B) in efforts to protect
C) protecting
D) to protect in one way
E) in order to protect

Down to C and E and pick the wrong one.

Please explain how would you choose from C and E.
Director
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 703

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26 Jun 2007, 18:22
C.

After the tsunami, the residents of a city built a wall, PROTECTING the city against another disaster.
Senior Manager
Joined: 11 May 2004
Posts: 321
Re: SC - Protect Japanese City [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2007, 21:04
mbunny wrote:
After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall ont their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, a way to protect the city against another disaster.

A) a way to protect
B) in efforts to protect
C) protecting
D) to protect in one way
E) in order to protect

Down to C and E and pick the wrong one.

Please explain how would you choose from C and E.

C is best choice - simple and clear

E - changes the meaning.
Manager
Joined: 26 Oct 2006
Posts: 164
Location: uk

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27 Jun 2007, 07:41
After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall (on their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, in order) to protect the city against another disaster.

protecting seems awkward in the above sentence.

I would go for E.
VP
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
Posts: 1425
Schools: Chicago Booth '11

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28 Jun 2007, 10:20
im with E

why'd they build a wall?

they built a wall in order to protect

whyd they build a wall?

C says protecting against another disaster, awkward, changes meaning
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2007
Posts: 357

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28 Jun 2007, 11:30
The question is from Kaplan 800.

I disagree with syamee_u when he says E changes the meaning.

Even though E is not the correct answer, I don't see how it changes the meaning.

I myself chose E but the OA is C.

There has to be another reason for eliminating E. Any takers?
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1237
Re: SC - Protect Japanese City [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2007, 12:23
mbunny wrote:
After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall ont their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, a way to protect the city against another disaster.

A) a way to protect
B) in efforts to protect
C) protecting
D) to protect in one way
E) in order to protect

Down to C and E and pick the wrong one.

Please explain how would you choose from C and E.

This requires a "present participle" - "protecting"

C
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 04:09
Can some one please clarify this .
I am not able to narrow down after eliminating A , D.
SO bacially i am stuck with B, C , E
Intern
Joined: 22 Feb 2011
Posts: 1
Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 04:18
My choice would be "C".
option E is wordy.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 06:25
In E: The comma after long is a problem there, because the comma indicates that a modifier, an adverbial modifier using a verb+ing form is about to come to modify the entire essence of the preceding clause. However, what we have here is an infinitive. Normally a sentence does not take an infinitive after a comma.

If the comma were not there after long, I think E would be ok as it is; IMO the phrase ‘a way to protect the city against another disaster’ simply dangles without a suitable modified noun or action.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 09:51
2
kapilhede17 wrote:
Can some one please clarify this .
I am not able to narrow down after eliminating A , D.
SO bacially i am stuck with B, C , E

Hi,

After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall on their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, a way to protect the city against another disaster.

Notice the presence of comma after long which is not underlined. The presence of comma makes choice C correct and choice B and E incorrect.

The sentence with choice B reads: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall on their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, in efforts to protect the city against another disaster.

The phrase “in efforts to protect” shows the purpose why the residents built the wall on the coast. There is no reason why this purpose should be separated from the rest of the sentence by using a comma. This is not the correct structure.
Choice E is also incorrect for the same reason. When purpose is presented using “to + verb”, it is not separated from the main clause by using comma.

In Choice C, presence of comma makes the structure correct because verb-ing modifier when followed by comma modifies the entire preceding clause. In this choice, “protecting” is modifying the entire preceding clause, presenting the reason why the residents built the wall. Hence, choice C is the correct answer.

Hope this helps.
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 17:08
If there was no "," before "protecting", then maybe answer E would work. It just doesnt make sense to put a comma before "in order to "
Intern
Joined: 19 Feb 2012
Posts: 13
Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2012, 05:19
It has to be E, c changes the meaning, using the present participle "protecting" C erroneously states that the building of the wall protects the city. In fact, it is the wall that protects the city.

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Posts: 6206
Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2017, 05:47
1
mbunny wrote:
After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the residents of a Japanese city built a wall on their coast over forty feet high and a mile long, a way to protect the city against another disaster.

A) a way to protect
B) in efforts to protect
C) protecting
D) to protect in one way
E) in order to protect

hi sumanainampudi,

In ref to a PM

firstly what should separate out choices is COMMA right before the underlined portion.

B,D and E start with a preposition and show a break in continuity of a sentence
Only two choices - A and C - are left

lets see A first..
a way to protect - this is used as an appositive modifier and is used to modify a noun but here it does not fit

Now lets see why C is correct
protecting
this is verb+ing modifier or a present participle and when preceded by a COMMA modifies the PRECEDING clause, that is it gives some purpose etc of the clause

so C fits in here
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Re: After suffering the effects of several tsunamis, the   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 05:47
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