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# After the Colonial period’s 50 percent mortality rate,

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After the Colonial periodâ€™s 50 percent mortality rate, [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2004, 21:50
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68. After the Colonial period’s 50 percent mortality rate, life expectancy improved for children, but as late as the nineteenth century about one child in three died before reaching the age of six.
(A) After the Colonial period’s 50 percent mortality rate, life expectancy improved for children, but
(B) Even though children’s life expectancy, which improved over the Colonial period’s 50 percent mortality rate,
(C) Although life expectancy for children improved after the Colonial period, during which the mortality rate was 50 percent,
(D) While there was an improvement in life expectancy for children after the 50 percent mortality rate of the Colonial period, still
(E) Despite children’s life expectancy improvement from the Colonial period’s 50 percent mortality rate,
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26 Oct 2004, 22:12
It is difficult to answer the question without knowing what is the Underlined portion.

However,my vote is on C.
'Although' needs to be used here to provide a contrast.
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26 Oct 2004, 22:30
The answer choices have 'children's life expectancy' which is wrong. There is nothing called 'children's life expectancy' and 'adult's life expetancy'. It should be 'life expectancy for children'. This construction is only with the 'although' choice and the 'while' choice. 'While' doesn't fit here.

So, C.

although, though and even though are all conjunctions, whilst 'in spite of' and 'despite' are both prepositions. So usage requires:
in spite of + noun
although + clause
despite + noun
though + clause
even though + clause

"Despite" can be followed by a gerund (the noun form of a verb), "although" canNOT. "Although" must be followed by a subject and verb.

Examples:
Despite protesting (gerund) daily for months, working conditions worsened.

Although hundreds protested (subject + verb), there were no negotiations
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29 Oct 2004, 10:54
venksune wrote:
although, though and even though are all conjunctions, whilst 'in spite of' and 'despite' are both prepositions. So usage requires:
in spite of + noun
although + clause
despite + noun
though + clause
even though + clause

"Despite" can be followed by a gerund (the noun form of a verb), "although" canNOT. "Although" must be followed by a subject and verb.

Examples:
Despite protesting (gerund) daily for months, working conditions worsened.

Although hundreds protested (subject + verb), there were no negotiations

venksune, Wonderful explanation considering preposition and conjuction. It is indeed basic priciple governing usage of preposition and Conjuction.

cheers,
Dharmin
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28 Oct 2005, 21:58
C is my pick
Also, colonial period's 50% life expectancy is wrong - life expectancy is of the children, not a peiods!
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Cheers, Rahul.

28 Oct 2005, 21:58
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