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Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th

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Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2011, 18:25
1
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A
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E

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68% (01:40) correct 32% (01:52) wrong based on 315 sessions

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Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in the incidence of twin births. Rather, this increase can be attributed to the fact that women are waiting longer to become mothers. Statistically, women over 35 are more likely to conceive twins, and these women comprise a greater percentage of women giving birth than ever before.

The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

A. many women over 35 who give birth to twins are not first-time mothers
B. women over 35 are not the only women who give birth to twins
C. the correlation between fertility treatments and the increased incidence of multiple births may be a coincidence
D. on average, women over 35 are no more likely to conceive identical twins than other women are
E. women over 35 are more likely to resort to the sorts of fertility treatments that tend to yield twin births
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2011, 22:47
E for me.

The question stem makes it a Weaken question.The weakness should attack the correlation between age and twin birth. E does exactly that as it exposes a consideration which would weaken the argument conclusion.

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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jul 2011, 22:59
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many women over 35 who give birth to twins are not first-time mothers: So what? author is not saying that only 1st time births after a woman is 35 are lilkely to be twins. he is just saying births after 35 are likely to be twin births.
women over 35 are not the only women who give birth to twins: Again author is not saying this. he is just saying that the likelihood of twin birth is more in over 35 births, and as over 35 births are increasing, incidences of twin births are. this in no way implies that there are not women under 35 who give twin births, just that there are more over 35
the correlation between fertility treatments and the increased incidence of multiple births may be a coincidenceThat is nt a flaw in his reasoning, that's infact what he might be saying - that twin births are attributed to fertility treatmet but this is wrong (and may be a coincidence). This is not a flwa in his reasoning, but may well be a part of his reasoning
on average, women over 35 are no more likely to conceive identical twins than other women areWho is talking of identical twins? Irrelevant to author's reasoning
women over 35 are more likely to resort to the sorts of fertility treatments that tend to yield twin birthsCorrect option. Author is saying that it is not the fertility treatements but the over 35 age factor which is responsible for more twin births. this option says that the over 35 age factor is responsible, only because these women are the ones who go fertility treatments! this attacks author's argument therefore, as in over 35 births the actual reason still is increased fertility treatments!
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2011, 01:38
siddhans wrote:
Can someone explain the reasoning behind this?

Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in the incidence of twin births. Rather, this increase can be attributed to the fact that women are waiting longer to become mothers. Statistically, women over 35 are more likely to conceive twins, and these women comprise a greater percentage of women giving birth than ever before.

The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

many women over 35 who give birth to twins are not first-time mothers
women over 35 are not the only women who give birth to twins
the correlation between fertility treatments and the increased incidence of multiple births may be a coincidence
on average, women over 35 are no more likely to conceive identical twins than other women are
women over 35 are more likely to resort to the sorts of fertility treatments that tend to yield twin births


I will go with option E. this is a perfect example of "Correlation causation" fallacy. :)
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2014, 07:38
siddhans wrote:
Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in the incidence of twin births. Rather, this increase can be attributed to the fact that women are waiting longer to become mothers. Statistically, women over 35 are more likely to conceive twins, and these women comprise a greater percentage of women giving birth than ever before.

The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

many women over 35 who give birth to twins are not first-time mothers
women over 35 are not the only women who give birth to twins
the correlation between fertility treatments and the increased incidence of multiple births may be a coincidence
on average, women over 35 are no more likely to conceive identical twins than other women are
women over 35 are more likely to resort to the sorts of fertility treatments that tend to yield twin births


Can someone explain the reasoning behind this?


Let me try this
The argument is based on the fact that age factor of women ( over 35) is responsible for higher percentage of twins.
Lets state this as cause A.
It refutes the fact that fertility treatment is responsible for this trend.
Lets state this as cause B.

According to the argument cause A -> result
but what if age of women is forcing them to take the fertility treatment i.e cause B -> cause A -> higher percentage of twins.

Answer choice analysis:

A. many women over 35 who give birth to twins are not first-time mothers - irrelevant , even if the mothers are not first time mothers then also the conclusion remains
B. women over 35 are not the only women who give birth to twins - does not help explain why women over 35 are giving more births to twins.
C.the correlation between fertility treatments and the increased incidence of multiple births may be a coincidence - again irrelevant
D. on average, women over 35 are no more likely to conceive identical twins than other women are - against the premise
E. women over 35 are more likely to resort to the sorts of fertility treatments that tend to yield twin births - correct for the reasons stated above.
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2016, 07:44
siddhans wrote:
Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in the incidence of twin births. Rather, this increase can be attributed to the fact that women are waiting longer to become mothers. Statistically, women over 35 are more likely to conceive twins, and these women comprise a greater percentage of women giving birth than ever before.

The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

many women over 35 who give birth to twins are not first-time mothers
women over 35 are not the only women who give birth to twins
the correlation between fertility treatments and the increased incidence of multiple births may be a coincidence
on average, women over 35 are no more likely to conceive identical twins than other women are
women over 35 are more likely to resort to the sorts of fertility treatments that tend to yield twin births


Can someone explain the reasoning behind this?


oh this one was easy
E is the answer.
if women over 35 mostly use fertility treatments, and as a result give birth to twins, then most likely fertility treatments is the cause for getting twins :)
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2016, 11:04
siddhans wrote:
Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in the incidence of twin births.Rather, this increase can be attributed to the fact that women are waiting longer to become mothers. Statistically, women over 35 are more likely to conceive twins, and these women comprise a greater percentage of women giving birth than ever before.

The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

many women over 35 who give birth to twins are not first-time mothers
women over 35 are not the only women who give birth to twins
the correlation between fertility treatments and the increased incidence of multiple births may be a coincidence
on average, women over 35 are no more likely to conceive identical twins than other women are
women over 35 are more likely to resort to the sorts of fertility treatments that tend to yield twin births


Can someone explain the reasoning behind this?


The conclusion of the stimulus is highlighted above...

We are told X is not responsible for Y and states that Y occurs due to Z
X= fertility treatments ; Y = incidence of twin births ; Z = women over 35 are more likely to conceive twins


Here the best thing to point out the flaw will be showing that Z is worked upon by X to reach the conclusion Y ; (E) does exactly that....

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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 00:09
the question here is a weaken question. Whenever ones see "flaw" in the question, check the options first. If there are any words from the passage repeated, then the question is probably a weaken question.
D is wrong because of "identical twins"
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 09:56
E is the answer because it can so happen that women over the age of 35 are seeking treatment for fertility resulting in birth of twins .
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 01:20
siddhans wrote:
Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in the incidence of twin births. Rather, this increase can be attributed to the fact that women are waiting longer to become mothers. Statistically, women over 35 are more likely to conceive twins, and these women comprise a greater percentage of women giving birth than ever before.

The argument above is flawed in that it ignores the possibility that

A. many women over 35 who give birth to twins are not first-time mothers
B. women over 35 are not the only women who give birth to twins
C. the correlation between fertility treatments and the increased incidence of multiple births may be a coincidence
D. on average, women over 35 are no more likely to conceive identical twins than other women are
E. women over 35 are more likely to resort to the sorts of fertility treatments that tend to yield twin births


KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:



E

Reading the question stem first (always a fine idea) for question 19 warns you to be on the alert for something the author has overlooked. The author argues against the notion that fertility treatments are responsible for the increased incidence of twins by presenting an alternative explanation-that the increase has occurred because more women are having children later in life, and these older women are statistically more likely to bear twins. This sounds plausible, but remember the key questions in GMAT causal arguments: Is the causality as simple as the author believes? Could another cause have been at work? If women over 35 are much more likely to use fertility treatments that often result in twin births, then it's possible that the twin births among older women are in fact due to fertility treatments. The problem (E) points out is not that the "alternative explanation" is illogical or impossible, but that it might be dependent on the very explanation it's supposed to replace.

(A) and (D) introduce irrelevant considerations. The author's argument is that fertility drugs aren't responsible for the increase in twins. It doesn't matter that, as (A) says, many of these older women aren't first time mothers. Nor does it matter that, as (D) says, these older women are no more likely to produce identical twins. As for (B), the author's point was simply that women over 35 are more likely to have twins than are younger women; her argument doesn't require that only women over 35 bear twins. (C) is wrong: since the author argues that the drugs are not responsible for the increased incidence of twins, she must believe, rather than overlook, the idea that any correlation between drugs and the increase of twin births is coincidental.
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2019, 03:55
Why is option C wrong? Clearly, option C states that the correlation is a coincidence. How to eliminate on solid grounds.
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Re: Aggressive fertility treatments are not responsible for the rise in th   [#permalink] 14 Mar 2019, 03:55
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