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# Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of

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Senior Manager
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Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 08:19
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Question Stats:

48% (01:46) correct 52% (00:51) wrong based on 1502 sessions

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Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.

A.hardy, disease-resistant and yields

B.hardy, resists disease, and that yields

C.hardy and disease-resistant and that yields

D.hardy and resist disease, yielding

E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2013, 18:11
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Tough one. This question is about parallelism.

Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.

A.hardy, disease-resistant and yields
Wrong. Because "hardy" || disease-resistant, so there should be "and" between "hardy" and "disease-resistant" to make the parallel structure clear.

B.hardy, resists disease, and that yields
Wrong. If "that is"|| resists || yields ==> the second "that" is wrong. The correct structure should be: a strain of wheat that is hardy, resists disease and yields.....

C.hardy and disease-resistant and that yields
Correct.
"hardy" || "disease-resistant;
"that is ...." || "that yields

D.hardy and resist disease, yielding
Wrong. "a strain" is singular ==> "resist" is wrong. Should be "resists".

E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
Wrong. Although the structure is parallel, the meaning is wrong. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are characteristics of the strain of wheat, but "yielding" is the advantage of the grains, so we cannot put them together in a parallel structure.
For example:
My professor who is tall, black-hair and who teaches math is very smart.
We can put "tall" and "black-hair" in one parallel structure, but cannot put "tall" + "black-hair" + "teach math". They are in different categories.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2014, 06:57
very good example of Parallelism . Initially i got wrong but after going to Pqhai explanations , i understood this .
We should take "and" as a parallel marker and look for words joined by "and" ,check whether these words (joined by and ) have a similar priority or make up similar idea.
Here in this question , hardy and disease -resistant are properties of strain of wheat. So these two properties have to made parallel by combing hardy "and" disease-resistant. These two properties make up similar idea/or of same rank.

Yields is advantage of Wheat and this should not be in parallel to Properties(hardy and disease resistant).So this is separated by "and" is made parallel to first "that is"
"that yields " || "that is".

Hence C:)
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2015, 20:03
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Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.

A.hardy, disease-resistant and yields

B.hardy, resists disease, and that yields
do not have connection between parallel list: "hardy" and "resists disease"

C.hardy and disease-resistant and that yields

D.hardy and resist disease, yielding
change the meaning of the sentence

E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2015, 00:08
"is" should not be underlined.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2016, 07:30
vibhav wrote:
Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.

A.hardy, disease-resistant and yields

B.hardy, resists disease, and that yields

C.hardy and disease-resistant and that yields

D.hardy and resist disease, yielding

E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding

Moderators,

verb is should be out of underlined portion. Otherwise it does not make any sense.
When verb comes out of underline then Parallelism - that is X ,Y and that yields - makes sense
When verb is inside the underlined portion , it will be replaced by hardy in the beginning and form a fragment - that hardy, disease-resistant and that yields

Hence the question should be
Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2016, 13:12
tryambaks wrote:
vibhav wrote:
Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.

A.hardy, disease-resistant and yields

B.hardy, resists disease, and that yields

C.hardy and disease-resistant and that yields

D.hardy and resist disease, yielding

E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding

Moderators,

verb is should be out of underlined portion. Otherwise it does not make any sense.
When verb comes out of underline then Parallelism - that is X ,Y and that yields - makes sense
When verb is inside the underlined portion , it will be replaced by hardy in the beginning and form a fragment - that hardy, disease-resistant and that yields

Hence the question should be
Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of wheat that is hardy, disease-resistant and yields more grain per acre.

Good observation, thanks. ...changed.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2016, 02:57
Wrt
E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
Wrong. Although the structure is parallel, the meaning is wrong. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are characteristics of the strain of wheat, but "yielding" is the advantage of the grains, so we cannot put them together in a parallel structure.

is yielding more grain per acre is a characteristic of the strain, along with other characteristics hardy and disease resistant.
It is modifying the strain of wheat and is a noun phrase. So why is it wrong
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Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2016, 08:55
Alamel wrote:
Wrt
E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
Wrong. Although the structure is parallel, the meaning is wrong. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are characteristics of the strain of wheat, but "yielding" is the advantage of the grains, so we cannot put them together in a parallel structure.

is yielding more grain per acre is a characteristic of the strain, along with other characteristics hardy and disease resistant.
It is modifying the strain of wheat and is a noun phrase. So why is it wrong

Option E has a serious parallelism problem. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are adjectives,but " yielding" here is a verb in present continuous tense (is yielding), Two adjectives are wrongly made parallel to a present continuous verb.

("is yielding" is not a modifier - it is the verb for the subject "that")
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2016, 01:58

How is the role of yielding here different from the word throbbing in the below sentence
She has a headache that is painful, irritating and throbbing.
yielding - is a gerund and not a verb - correct me if i am wrong similar to throbbing in the above sentence
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2016, 07:44
Alamel wrote:

How is the role of yielding here different from the word throbbing in the below sentence
She has a headache that is painful, irritating and throbbing.
yielding - is a gerund and not a verb - correct me if i am wrong similar to throbbing in the above sentence

First, none of the -ing constructions in your sentence or in option E are gerunds - gerunds are nouns and here these -ing forms are either a verb or an adjective.

In your sentence: throbbing is an adjective - remove painful and irritating. You are left with:
....that is throbbing. - throbbing is not a action by pain but an adjective referring to pain.

In option E: yielding is a verb. remove the two adjectives hardy and disease-resistant. You are left with:
..that is yielding more grain per acre. - yielding is an action by wheat.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2016, 08:10
got it thanks
just coz its -ing it need not be a gerund, the purpose of the word is what defines it role
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Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2016, 10:02
Alamel wrote:
got it thanks
just coz its -ing it need not be a gerund, the purpose of the word is what defines it role

Absolutely. Verb+ing could be a verb in progressive, a noun (gerund), an adjective or a present participle.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2016, 15:23
C is correct because hardy and disease-resistant are both adjectives, while yield is a verb --> hardy and disease should therefore be parallel to one another and yield will be treated separately.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2017, 03:50
sayantanc2k wrote:
Alamel wrote:
Wrt
E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
Wrong. Although the structure is parallel, the meaning is wrong. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are characteristics of the strain of wheat, but "yielding" is the advantage of the grains, so we cannot put them together in a parallel structure.

is yielding more grain per acre is a characteristic of the strain, along with other characteristics hardy and disease resistant.
It is modifying the strain of wheat and is a noun phrase. So why is it wrong

Option E has a serious parallelism problem. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are adjectives,but " yielding" here is a verb in present continuous tense (is yielding), Two adjectives are wrongly made parallel to a present continuous verb.

("is yielding" is not a modifier - it is the verb for the subject "that")

Hi,

Correct me if I am wrong but as per my understanding VERB+ING can not stand alone as a verb, it needs a helping verb such as IS + VERB+ING or ARE + VERB+ING. A stand alone VERB+ING acts as an adjective and always modifies the noun.

The error i see in option E is the second part of the sentence is a FRAGMENT as it lacks verb.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2017, 04:35
aman15390 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
Alamel wrote:
Wrt
E.hardy, disease-resistant, and yielding
Wrong. Although the structure is parallel, the meaning is wrong. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are characteristics of the strain of wheat, but "yielding" is the advantage of the grains, so we cannot put them together in a parallel structure.

is yielding more grain per acre is a characteristic of the strain, along with other characteristics hardy and disease resistant.
It is modifying the strain of wheat and is a noun phrase. So why is it wrong

Option E has a serious parallelism problem. "Hardy" and "disease-resistant" are adjectives,but " yielding" here is a verb in present continuous tense (is yielding), Two adjectives are wrongly made parallel to a present continuous verb.

("is yielding" is not a modifier - it is the verb for the subject "that")

Hi,

Correct me if I am wrong but as per my understanding VERB+ING can not stand alone as a verb, it needs a helping verb such as IS + VERB+ING or ARE + VERB+ING. A stand alone VERB+ING acts as an adjective and always modifies the noun.

The error i see in option E is the second part of the sentence is a FRAGMENT as it lacks verb.

Hi aman15390,

Yes, second IC in the option E doesn't have a subject.
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Re: Agricultural scientists continue to search for a strain of   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2017, 04:35
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