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# Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale

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Intern
Joined: 16 Apr 2003
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Location: Taiwan
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05 Sep 2003, 09:04
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Question Stats:

100% (02:12) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions

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Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.

(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after oil reserves are exhausted

The answer is C. I choose D because in GMAT active voice is preferable to passive voice. This rule doesn't seem to apply to this question. Why?

Thank:)
Manager
Joined: 26 Aug 2003
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05 Sep 2003, 11:09
The reason why D is not the best choice is because D says the state will try to run it's economy with the saved funds in the same way it is doing with the revenue generated from oil. Now if you think about it, it really doesn't make sense. The key word is "sustain". When you're sustaining something you don't try to replace the primary reason with something of equal value/importance. So it has to be something of lesser but acceptable value/importance.

Hmm.... I wrote something confusing there, did I? But I hope you get the point. It's kinda hard to explain in simple terms when short of time.
Intern
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07 Sep 2003, 05:36
Sorry but I'm still a bit confused here...
How can you tell by the wordings of C and D that one is "something of equal value/importance" while the other is "something of lesser but acceptable value/importance"?

Thanks~
Manager
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07 Sep 2003, 20:49
Joviest wrote:
Sorry but I'm still a bit confused here...
How can you tell by the wordings of C and D that one is "something of equal value/importance" while the other is "something of lesser but acceptable value/importance"?

Thanks~

Ok, look at it this way... you can sustain something (with contingency plan) already in existance only "after" your current/primary plan is over/disrrupted. So the current/primary plan is "exhausting" oil resource. Thus, grammatically, it's only appropriate to use "exhausted" in the sentence following the clause "after". Does that make sense?
CEO
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08 Sep 2003, 08:26
Joviest wrote:
Alaska regularly deposits some of its profits from the sale of oil into a special fund, with the intention to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves.

(A) fund, with the intention to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after the exhaustion of its oil reserves
(B) fund, the intention of which is to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after they have exhausted their oil reserves
(C) fund intended to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after oil reserves are exhausted
(D) fund intended to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after exhausting its oil reserves
(E) fund that they intend to sustain the stateтАЩs economy after oil reserves are exhausted

The answer is C. I choose D because in GMAT active voice is preferable to passive voice. This rule doesn't seem to apply to this question. Why?

Thank:)

In D, what does ""its"" refer to? "state" or "fund"...

No clear antecedent, isnt it?

In D, it looks like the fund is exhausting the oil reserves

thanks
praetorian

[/b]
Manager
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03 Jan 2011, 01:53
I think D doesn't make sense. It sounds like: At first, Alaska exhausts its oil reserves and then it puts profits into the fund.
In addition, I agree with praetorian's explanation. Choice C is correct.
_________________

Hung M.Tran
Faculty of Banking and Finance,
National Economics University of Vietnam

Re: Passive Voice? (SC)   [#permalink] 03 Jan 2011, 01:53
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