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# All social systems are based upon a division of economic

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06 Aug 2010, 11:02
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Please post the OA. I'm confused! I chose A. But I see different opinions!
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06 Aug 2010, 13:57
I am for C.
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06 Aug 2010, 15:26
It has to be C. C basically restated the last part of the Q stem: "for any social system, the introduction of labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete will tend to undermine the values in that social system."

Now look at choice C, pay attention to the buzz words: "A social system whose values are not susceptible(buzz, "undermined by") to change(buzz, "introduction of...") would not be one in which technology can eliminate(buzz, "obsolete") economic roles"

Those buzz words are the sticking points of this argument, and answer choice C is the only one that addresses both.

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11 Sep 2010, 08:31
Pls post the OA if anyone has it
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11 Sep 2010, 16:33
I also got confused by the two negative connotations in C but its the right answer.
Lets take a look at C

it says
A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles

Now if you remove the negative ones it becomes
A social system whose values are susceptible to change would be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles

that's what the argument says: introduction of labor saving technology-->certain economic roles obsolete---> social system changed.

Hope this one explains the answer.
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13 Sep 2010, 03:03
C for me. This one is tough...
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08 Oct 2010, 03:13
C for me too... OA.. ?
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08 Oct 2010, 08:04
I narrowed this down to C and D before going with C. I think the key thing to remember is that the passage states that "labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete" will tend to undermine values - not ALL technology, just that particular subset of technology.

skg wrote:
All social systems are based upon a division of economic roles. The values of a social system are embodied in the prestige accorded persons who fill various economic roles. It is therefore unsurprising that, for any social system, the introduction of labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete will tend to undermine the values in that social system.
Which one of the following can most reasonably be concluded on the basis of the information above?

(A) Social systems will have unchanging values if they are shielded from technological advancement. Not necessarily true - the passage doesn't state that ONLY technology will change values.

(B) No type of technology will fail to undermine the values in a social system. False - the passage states that labor-saving technology will change values, not ALL technology. So there certainly can be types of technology that don't make economic roles obsolete, thereby undermining the values.

(C) A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles. Let's reword this to make it a bit more clear: "A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would be one in which technology cannot eliminate economic roles." So, in other words, if a social system's values cannot be changed, then it can't possibly be subject to those kinds of technology that would undermine it's values and thus cause change. This logically follows from the passage.

To put it into logic form, the article states A -> B, where A is "If labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete is introduced", and B is "then it will undermine the values of the social system." C then states ~B -> ~A: "If the values of a social system cannot be undermined, then technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete cannot be introduced." This is the logical contrapositive, which is equivalent to the original statement.

(D) A technologically advanced society will place little value on the prestige associated with an economic role. Thought about this one for a while, but once again we're only given the fact that labor-saving technology will undermine the values of economic roles - not ALL technology. A society which has a lot of technology doesn't NECESSARILY have labor-saving technology, so this can't definitively be concluded.

(E) A technological innovation that is implemented in a social system foreign to the one in which it was developed will tend to undermine the foreign social system. Definitely doesn't follow.
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Re: All social systems are based upon a division of economic [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2012, 06:30
PTK you make that too easy :D thanks!
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Re: All social systems are based upon a division of economic [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2012, 22:28
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skg wrote:
All social systems are based upon a division of economic roles. The values of a social system are embodied in the prestige accorded persons who fill various economic roles. It is therefore unsurprising that, for any social system, the introduction of labor-saving technology that makes certain economic roles obsolete will tend to undermine the values in that social system.
Which one of the following can most reasonably be concluded on the basis of the information above?

(A) Social systems will have unchanging values if they are shielded from technological advancement.

(B) No type of technology will fail to undermine the values in a social system.

(C) A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles.

(D) A technologically advanced society will place little value on the prestige associated with an economic role.

(E) A technological innovation that is implemented in a social system foreign to the one in which it was developed will tend to undermine the foreign social system.

The key to this question lies in realizing that all technology/technological innovations are not labor-saving and hence do not lead to disappearance of economic roles.
Options A, B, D and E talk about technology, not about labor-saving technology. Hence, none of them can be inferred.

(A) Social systems will have unchanging values if they are shielded from technological advancement.

(B) No type of technology will fail to undermine the values in a social system.
All technology is not labor saving technology. So ignore it.

(C) A social system whose values are not susceptible to change would not be one in which technology can eliminate economic roles.
When economic roles are eliminated, values change. If values do not change, it means technology is not eliminating economic roles i.e. the society does not develop labor-saving economic-role-eliminating technology. This is correct.

(D) A technologically advanced society will place little value on the prestige associated with an economic role.
Again, a technologically advanced society doesn't mean there are no economic roles. The roles could be different from the roles in a labor intensive society.

(E) A technological innovation that is implemented in a social system foreign to the one in which it was developed will tend to undermine the foreign social system.
Technological innovation doesn't necessarily mean labor saving technological innovation so ignore it right away.
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Re: All social systems are based upon a division of economic [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2012, 04:01
Great question

Chose C

Thank you Karishma and everyone who explained the reason why C is the correct answer.
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Re: All social systems are based upon a division of economic [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2014, 12:01
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Re: All social systems are based upon a division of economic [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2015, 22:04
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: All social systems are based upon a division of economic   [#permalink] 02 Sep 2015, 22:04

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