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Manager  G
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All the terms of a certain sequence x1,x2,........xnx1,x2,........xn a  [#permalink]

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2 00:00

Difficulty:   95% (hard)

Question Stats: 36% (02:56) correct 64% (02:36) wrong based on 25 sessions

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All the terms of a certain sequence x1,x2,........xn are positive integers. The nth term (n>1) of the sequence is given by the formula:

xn =xn-1 + 1 (If xn-1 is even)

xn =xn-1 + 3 (If xn-1 is odd)

What is the value of x1 + x6?

(1) The second term of the sequence is 3

(2) Two of the first three terms of the sequence are even and add up to 8

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Intern  B
Joined: 09 Jan 2018
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Re: All the terms of a certain sequence x1,x2,........xnx1,x2,........xn a  [#permalink]

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X2 = x1 + 3, x3 = x2+2 = x1+5, x4 = x3+3 = x2 + 4, x5 = x4+1 = x2+5, x6 = x5+3 = x2+8.
(1) x2 = 3...x1 = 0, x6 = 11. Works.
(2) x1&x2 = even.. Not possible as x2 = x1+odd = odd
x2&x3 = even, X2 = 3,x3 = 5..not possible as both not even
x3 and x1 not possible as both can't be even at the same time. thus not (2)

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Manager  G
Joined: 05 Oct 2016
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Re: All the terms of a certain sequence x1,x2,........xnx1,x2,........xn a  [#permalink]

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DTUguy wrote:
X2 = x1 + 3, x3 = x2+2 = x1+5, x4 = x3+3 = x2 + 4, x5 = x4+1 = x2+5, x6 = x5+3 = x2+8.
(1) x2 = 3...x1 = 0, x6 = 11. Works.
(2) x1&x2 = even.. Not possible as x2 = x1+odd = odd
x2&x3 = even, X2 = 3,x3 = 5..not possible as both not even
x3 and x1 not possible as both can't be even at the same time. thus not (2)

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I am sorry but it's still not clear to me
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Re: All the terms of a certain sequence x1,x2,........xnx1,x2,........xn a  [#permalink]

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SandhyAvinash wrote:
All the terms of a certain sequence x1,x2,........xn are positive integers. The nth term (n>1) of the sequence is given by the formula:

xn =xn-1 + 1 (If xn-1 is even)

xn =xn-1 + 3 (If xn-1 is odd)

What is the value of x1 + x6?

(1) The second term of the sequence is 3

(2) Two of the first three terms of the sequence are even and add up to 8

Odd numbers are being added to $$x_{n-1}$$, so if $$x_{n-1}$$ is even then $$x_n$$ is odd and if $$x_{n-1}$$ is odd then $$x_n$$ is even

to know the value of $$x_1+x_6$$ we only need value of $$x_1$$ remaining can be found out through the formula given in the question stem

Statement 1: implies $$x_2=x_n=3=odd$$, so $$x_{n-1}=x_1=even$$. we can substitute the value of $$x_2$$ in the equation $$x_n=x_{n-1}+1$$ to get $$x_1$$. Sufficient

Statement 2: the sequence will have alternate odd and even numbers, so if out of 1st three two are even, this implies $$x_1$$ is even, $$x_2$$ is odd and $$x_3$$ is even

given $$x_1+x_3=8 =>x_1+x_2+3=8$$

or $$x_1+x_1+1+3=8$$, so $$x_1$$ can be calculated. Sufficient

Option D

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Re: All the terms of a certain sequence x1,x2,........xnx1,x2,........xn a  [#permalink]

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_________________ Re: All the terms of a certain sequence x1,x2,........xnx1,x2,........xn a   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2019, 01:13
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