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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect

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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2016, 09:33
dhruv224 wrote:
Can we start a new clause with "that" after a comma???

Indeed...since the investigation found 3 things, a comma must separate them.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 12 Apr 2016, 05:29
amitdgr wrote:
arorag wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


A and D are passive.

B illogically says that the investigation was carried out by officials of 12 hospitals.
E is awkward.

is it C ?

Please underline the SC question before posting.



So what if A and D are in passive? Is dat enough to discard an answer choice?
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2016, 15:26
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enasni wrote:
amitdgr wrote:
arorag wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


A and D are passive.

B illogically says that the investigation was carried out by officials of 12 hospitals.
E is awkward.

is it C ?

Please underline the SC question before posting.



So what if A and D are in passive? Is dat enough to discard an answer choice?


No, construction in passive voice is not enough to eliminate a choice.

Why A is wrong?
A present participle modifier (-ing) refers to either the entire previous clause or the subject of the previous clause.
Here the present participle modifier " finding that all twelve ....." erroneously refers to the subject of the previous clause "twelve hospitals". "Twelve hospitals" did not find, "state medical officials" did. Therefore, "state medical officers" should have been the subject of the previous clause rather than " twelve hospitals".

Why D is wrong?
The preposition "with" introduces two examples how the laws were broken. Both these examples should be made parallel. Since the first example has a gerund with an -ing ending ("working"), the second should also be a gerund with an -ing ending. However the second example is a verb ("work").
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2016, 01:08
Hello Experts,
Thank you for the explanations but I just cannot get 1 question of my mind - How can an investigation find something (on its own)? I ruled out option C first, thinking that it has to be the people doing the investigation who find whatever they have to.
Kindly help me understand what am I missing here?

Thanks in advance! :)
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2016, 15:33
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Nab77 wrote:
Hello Experts,
Thank you for the explanations but I just cannot get 1 question of my mind - How can an investigation find something (on its own)? I ruled out option C first, thinking that it has to be the people doing the investigation who find whatever they have to.
Kindly help me understand what am I missing here?

Thanks in advance! :)


This is official GMAT question. Thus, simply keep in mind that GMAT allows the usage " investigation has found". The following example is somewhat similar:

Investigation has revealed that....

One may argue that investigation on its own did not reveal anything - the investigators did. Yet the above usage is valid. Similarly Investigation has found... is also valid as per GMAT.
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2016, 00:23
sayantanc2k wrote:
Nab77 wrote:
Hello Experts,
Thank you for the explanations but I just cannot get 1 question of my mind - How can an investigation find something (on its own)? I ruled out option C first, thinking that it has to be the people doing the investigation who find whatever they have to.
Kindly help me understand what am I missing here?

Thanks in advance! :)


This is official GMAT question. Thus, simply keep in mind that GMAT allows the usage " investigation has found". The following example is somewhat similar:

Investigation has revealed that....

One may argue that investigation on its own did not reveal anything - the investigators did. Yet the above usage is valid. Similarly Investigation has found... is also valid as per GMAT.



Sure this helps! Thank you for taking the time out to explain :)
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2017, 07:26
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2017, 10:21
arorag wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


That, That and that should have been there.. That in the middle is missing.. So, A is wrong

B- Investigation.. has..not have - Wrong

C- That, That, and that ... COrrect

D: Passiive

E- Arggghh No...!
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2017, 01:20
arorag wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


choiice D offer the typical meaning error of gmat. this choice contain no grammartical error but offer strange meaning.
"and more than half..." is a clause which grammatically is parralel with "twelve hospitals were investigated". but these two meanings can not be paralel logically. the two ideas is parallel grammatically but can not be parallel logically. this is one mistake.
second mistake is that
"who found all twelve..." is grammatical but offer strange meaning. this mean only those official who found the mistake do investigation. this meaning is absurd. the correct meaning is that the official do investigation and find the mistake but not that the official find the mistake and then do investigation.

a choice grammatical but illogic is the fovourite of gmat. keep it in mine and win the game.
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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 12:08
I have few doubts related to the question.
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

Correct answer is C
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents,an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work.

i) Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents,
ii) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work.

My Question :
1) Is the part i) Dependent Clause ?
2) Is Almost a decade after equivalent to subordinate conjunction AFTER?
3) Is that why a comma has been put to connect (i) to Independent clause (ii)?
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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2018, 13:07
A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work = have been investigated is passive

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working - an investigation have?

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work - clear use of 'that' (parallelism)

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work - were investigated is passive

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working - unnecessary comma use which makes it akward
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2018, 22:18
POE: If we look for parallelism, then it can be solved very easily ;) . Only option C, follows the parallelism rume: an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work. Correct

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work – Wrong. 1. Passive structure, “finding” modifying incorrectly twelve hospital & 3. Not following parallelism
B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working- Not Following Parallelism
C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work – Correct following Parallelism
D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work – Not Parallel
E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working- Wordy & Not Parallel
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect   [#permalink] 16 May 2018, 22:18

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