It is currently 22 Jun 2017, 18:51

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 99
Schools: Tuck, Duke
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Oct 2008, 18:21
16
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (02:35) correct 27% (01:52) wrong based on 782 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by PiyushK on 29 Dec 2014, 21:51, edited 3 times in total.
formatted
VP
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1034
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Oct 2008, 01:05
2
KUDOS
arorag wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

A and D are passive.

B illogically says that the investigation was carried out by officials of 12 hospitals.
E is awkward.

is it C ?

Please underline the SC question before posting.
_________________

"You have to find it. No one else can find it for you." - Bjorn Borg

Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Oct 2010
Posts: 383
Location: Azerbaijan
Concentration: Finance
Schools: HEC '15 (A)
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Oct 2011, 12:37
2
KUDOS
C is the answer.and btw http://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/19/nyreg ... all&src=pm
_________________

Happy are those who dream dreams and are ready to pay the price to make them come true

I am still on all gmat forums. msg me if you want to ask me smth

Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Mar 2010
Posts: 440
Schools: Simon '16 (M)
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Oct 2011, 06:04
1
KUDOS
LalaB wrote:
C is the answer.and btw http://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/19/nyreg ... all&src=pm

Good find.
I have often come across sentences picked from these news sources especially nytimes.
_________________

My dad once said to me: Son, nothing succeeds like success.

Intern
Status: Applying in Round 2
Joined: 17 Mar 2011
Posts: 21
Concentration: Finance, Accounting
Schools: Stern '14
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2011, 03:44
1
KUDOS
Think C should be the answer as it is parallel and clear in meaning
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3080
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2016, 15:26
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
enasni wrote:
amitdgr wrote:
arorag wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

A and D are passive.

B illogically says that the investigation was carried out by officials of 12 hospitals.
E is awkward.

is it C ?

Please underline the SC question before posting.

So what if A and D are in passive? Is dat enough to discard an answer choice?

No, construction in passive voice is not enough to eliminate a choice.

Why A is wrong?
A present participle modifier (-ing) refers to either the entire previous clause or the subject of the previous clause.
Here the present participle modifier " finding that all twelve ....." erroneously refers to the subject of the previous clause "twelve hospitals". "Twelve hospitals" did not find, "state medical officials" did. Therefore, "state medical officers" should have been the subject of the previous clause rather than " twelve hospitals".

Why D is wrong?
The preposition "with" introduces two examples how the laws were broken. Both these examples should be made parallel. Since the first example has a gerund with an -ing ending ("working"), the second should also be a gerund with an -ing ending. However the second example is a verb ("work").
Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 241
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Oct 2008, 06:34
IMO C for || lism + no error.

an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
Retired Moderator
Joined: 18 Jul 2008
Posts: 972
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Oct 2008, 09:00
I had to paste it to a word document, since it was so hard to read without the underline.

Eventually, went with C.
Manager
Joined: 13 May 2010
Posts: 108
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2010, 02:07
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2, SC Question# 61

Parallelism; Logical predication

This sentence is primarily concerned with presenting the findings of an investigation, so the main subject should be investigation, and the main verb should be has found. The findings are most efficiently presented in a parallel series of relative clauses beginning with that.

A) The phrase finding that all. . . has nothing to attach to in this sentence, because hospitals has been made the subject of the sentence; the items in the list of findings are not presented in parallel form.
B) The singular subject requires a singular verb; the items in the list of findings are not. presented in parallel form.
C) Correct. The sentence's structure makes it clear and logical.
D) The preposition with governs both examples of how the hospitals break the law, so parallelism requires that both verbs assume the ing ending.
E) The sentence is repetitive and indirect; the list of findings is not presented in parallel form.

Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 26 Nov 2009
Posts: 960
Location: Singapore
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Jun 2010, 08:40
C for "that ||ism"

Others break the || ism.

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found [highlight]that[/highlight]all twelve consistently break the laws, [highlight]that[/highlight]many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, [highlight]and that[/highlight] more than half the surgical residents work
_________________

Please press kudos if you like my post.

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1492
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2010, 08:33
It was between C and D for me. I picked D for the following reasons

Though I liked C for parallelism I found it awkward because it says "an investigation........has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work"

"investgation....has found" is awkward compared to "state medical officials who found" (D)

whereas D says.....

twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

I would like expert comments on this.
Manager
Joined: 02 May 2010
Posts: 56
Schools: IU, UT Dallas, Univ of Georgia, Univ of Arkansas, Miami University
WE 1: 5.5 Yrs IT
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Jun 2010, 08:37
IMO C for the reason stated by nusmavrik.

D is not parallel in construction - twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

Hope that helps.
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1445
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jun 2010, 11:40
In B, the subject is investigation; "by state medical officials" and "of twelve hospitals" immediately following the subject (investigation) are preopositional phrases and hence the verb (have found) becomes incorrect because being plural it can't go with the singular subject "investigation". I immediately ruled out B because of this even though I understood that it was the officials who were doing the finding and not the investigation.

Now while whether INVESTIGATION can actually FIND something might be debatable - all other choices apart from D break parallelism and have some grammatical error or the other. The only issue with D was whether Investigation can actually DO the finding. I went with D by POE but to be honest I had the exact same doubt that you have.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

The Oa is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I am confused here. The OA says investigation has found as in C. But i think its not investigation but the officials have found. Hence Oa is not C but B which has 'have found'. Any thoughts here?
Retired Moderator
Status: 2000 posts! I don't know whether I should feel great or sad about it! LOL
Joined: 04 Oct 2009
Posts: 1662
Location: Peru
Schools: Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, MIT & HKS (Government)
WE 1: Economic research
WE 2: Banking
WE 3: Government: Foreign Trade and SMEs
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Apr 2011, 06:22
Does B contain also an error of parallelism?, or just S-V agreement and change of the meaning?

In C, when you have to make a list of clauses parallel, can you omit the first word (that) in the second and the rest of clauses?

Why does ykaiim mention that "a sub-clause starting with with+.....verb+ing is always wrong"? I think that there is not a clause; there is a phrase.
_________________

"Life’s battle doesn’t always go to stronger or faster men; but sooner or later the man who wins is the one who thinks he can."

My Integrated Reasoning Logbook / Diary: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-ir-logbook-diary-133264.html

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Manager
Joined: 06 Feb 2011
Posts: 56
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Apr 2011, 23:36
C it is...
A and D are out because the initial sentence should modify "an investigation" and not the hospitals...
B- found requires "that".. Also "has" is required and not "have"
between C and E.. sentence structure in C is more parallel than E.. Moreover E has modifier issues.. When "of twelve hospitals" is removed, the sentence does not make sense...

Manager
Joined: 05 Jul 2010
Posts: 193
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Apr 2011, 17:12
I thought of D. 'Investigation...has' investigation is already finished so isn't it should be 'investigation...had'?
Manager
Status: It's "Go" Time.......
Affiliations: N.C.C.
Joined: 22 Feb 2011
Posts: 182
Location: India
Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Apr 2011, 05:40
The answer must be "C" as the verbs "found, work & work" are parallel!!
gmatcracker2010 wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

The Oa is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

I am confused here. The OA says investigation has found as in C. But i think its not investigation but the officials have found. Hence Oa is not C but B which has 'have found'. Any thoughts here?

_________________

We are twice armed if we fight with faith.

He who knows when he can fight & when He can't will be victorious.

Manager
Status: MLT Fellowship - MBA Prep
Joined: 29 Nov 2010
Posts: 170
Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
GMAT 1: 700 Q48 V38
GMAT 2: 750 Q50 V42
GPA: 3.47
WE: Sales (Retail Banking)
Re: VR2 SC- Grueling hours worked by medical residents [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Oct 2011, 16:29
C! a great question... time consuming with how lengthy it is... :/ hard to solve this one in under a minute.
_________________

Brandon Hoffman

Management Leadership of Tomorrow (MLT) - MBA Programs Fellow
MLT LA Chapter - Board Member / Recruiting Officer
Net Impact - Professional Chapter Co-President
MBADiversity Organization - Global Fellow, CHINA

Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2011
Posts: 131
Re: VR2 SC- Grueling hours worked by medical residents [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2011, 22:45
[quote="gmatcracker2010"]Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C maintains parallelism. Easily the best option. Good question though.
Manager
Joined: 19 Oct 2011
Posts: 84
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Nov 2011, 14:41
C is good in parallelism "found that..., that..., and that..."
active voice is preferred in GMAT to passive voice
and "an investigation...has found..."
Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2011, 14:41

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 39 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
33 In the five most important battleground states – New York, 20 26 Mar 2017, 02:08
7 Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect 9 09 May 2016, 00:23
3 The state of Washington recently passed a statewide law 3 25 Feb 2016, 09:05
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect 0 08 Feb 2016, 08:24
35 Controversial mortgage laws passed last year state that, if 35 25 Feb 2016, 02:28
Display posts from previous: Sort by