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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect

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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by PiyushK on 29 Dec 2014, 21:51, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2011, 12:37
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C is the answer.and btw http://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/19/nyreg ... all&src=pm :)
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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2016, 15:33
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Nab77 wrote:
Hello Experts,
Thank you for the explanations but I just cannot get 1 question of my mind - How can an investigation find something (on its own)? I ruled out option C first, thinking that it has to be the people doing the investigation who find whatever they have to.
Kindly help me understand what am I missing here?

Thanks in advance! :)


This is official GMAT question. Thus, simply keep in mind that GMAT allows the usage " investigation has found". The following example is somewhat similar:

Investigation has revealed that....

One may argue that investigation on its own did not reveal anything - the investigators did. Yet the above usage is valid. Similarly Investigation has found... is also valid as per GMAT.

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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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arorag wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


A and D are passive.

B illogically says that the investigation was carried out by officials of 12 hospitals.
E is awkward.

is it C ?

Please underline the SC question before posting.
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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work---- Incorrect, because first Investigation has found that hospitals break the laws not state offices or the tweleve hospitals like this sentence implies. Also the many... and that is not parallel.
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working---- An investigation does not match with have. SVA error.
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work--- CORRECT.
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work---- Not parallel. the investigation has found, not the state medical officials.
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working--- with is incorrectly used. Also the of twelve hospitals, all twelve sounds words and awkward.

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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LalaB wrote:
C is the answer.and btw http://www.nytimes.com/1998/05/19/nyreg ... all&src=pm :)


Good find. :lol:
I have often come across sentences picked from these news sources especially nytimes.
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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Think C should be the answer as it is parallel and clear in meaning

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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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enasni wrote:
amitdgr wrote:
arorag wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


A and D are passive.

B illogically says that the investigation was carried out by officials of 12 hospitals.
E is awkward.

is it C ?

Please underline the SC question before posting.



So what if A and D are in passive? Is dat enough to discard an answer choice?


No, construction in passive voice is not enough to eliminate a choice.

Why A is wrong?
A present participle modifier (-ing) refers to either the entire previous clause or the subject of the previous clause.
Here the present participle modifier " finding that all twelve ....." erroneously refers to the subject of the previous clause "twelve hospitals". "Twelve hospitals" did not find, "state medical officials" did. Therefore, "state medical officers" should have been the subject of the previous clause rather than " twelve hospitals".

Why D is wrong?
The preposition "with" introduces two examples how the laws were broken. Both these examples should be made parallel. Since the first example has a gerund with an -ing ending ("working"), the second should also be a gerund with an -ing ending. However the second example is a verb ("work").

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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2008, 06:34
IMO C for || lism + no error.

an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work

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Re: Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2008, 09:00
I had to paste it to a word document, since it was so hard to read without the underline.

Eventually, went with C.

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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect [#permalink]

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Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A) twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B) an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C) an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D) twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E) an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2, SC Question# 61

Parallelism; Logical predication

This sentence is primarily concerned with presenting the findings of an investigation, so the main subject should be investigation, and the main verb should be has found. The findings are most efficiently presented in a parallel series of relative clauses beginning with that.

A) The phrase finding that all. . . has nothing to attach to in this sentence, because hospitals has been made the subject of the sentence; the items in the list of findings are not presented in parallel form.
B) The singular subject requires a singular verb; the items in the list of findings are not. presented in parallel form.
C) Correct. The sentence's structure makes it clear and logical.
D) The preposition with governs both examples of how the hospitals break the law, so parallelism requires that both verbs assume the ing ending.
E) The sentence is repetitive and indirect; the list of findings is not presented in parallel form.

The correct answer is C.

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2010, 08:40
C for "that ||ism"

Others break the || ism.

C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found [highlight]that[/highlight]all twelve consistently break the laws, [highlight]that[/highlight]many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, [highlight]and that[/highlight] more than half the surgical residents work

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2010, 08:33
It was between C and D for me. I picked D for the following reasons

Though I liked C for parallelism I found it awkward because it says "an investigation........has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work"

"investgation....has found" is awkward compared to "state medical officials who found" (D)

whereas D says.....

twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

I would like expert comments on this.

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2010, 08:37
IMO C for the reason stated by nusmavrik.

D is not parallel in construction - twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work

Hope that helps.

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2010, 11:40
In B, the subject is investigation; "by state medical officials" and "of twelve hospitals" immediately following the subject (investigation) are preopositional phrases and hence the verb (have found) becomes incorrect because being plural it can't go with the singular subject "investigation". I immediately ruled out B because of this even though I understood that it was the officials who were doing the finding and not the investigation.

Now while whether INVESTIGATION can actually FIND something might be debatable - all other choices apart from D break parallelism and have some grammatical error or the other. The only issue with D was whether Investigation can actually DO the finding. I went with D by POE but to be honest I had the exact same doubt that you have.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


The Oa is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
c


I am confused here. The OA says investigation has found as in C. But i think its not investigation but the officials have found. Hence Oa is not C but B which has 'have found'. Any thoughts here?

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2011, 06:22
Does B contain also an error of parallelism?, or just S-V agreement and change of the meaning?

In C, when you have to make a list of clauses parallel, can you omit the first word (that) in the second and the rest of clauses?

Why does ykaiim mention that "a sub-clause starting with with+.....verb+ing is always wrong"? I think that there is not a clause; there is a phrase.
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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2011, 23:36
C it is...
A and D are out because the initial sentence should modify "an investigation" and not the hospitals...
B- found requires "that".. Also "has" is required and not "have"
between C and E.. sentence structure in C is more parallel than E.. Moreover E has modifier issues.. When "of twelve hospitals" is removed, the sentence does not make sense...

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2011, 17:12
I thought of D. 'Investigation...has' investigation is already finished so isn't it should be 'investigation...had'?

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Re: investigations of the hospitals [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2011, 05:40
The answer must be "C" as the verbs "found, work & work" are parallel!!
gmatcracker2010 wrote:
Almost a decade after New York State passed laws to protect patients by reducing the grueling hours worked by medical residents, twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work more than 95 hours a week.

A. twelve hospitals have been investigated by state medical officials, finding that all twelve consistently break the laws, many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
B. an investigation by state medical officials of twelve hospitals have found all twelve consistently breaking the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working
C. an investigation of twelve hospitals by state medical officials has found that all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, and that more than half the surgical residents work
D. twelve hospitals were investigated by state medical officials who found all twelve breaking the laws, with many residents working longer than 24 hours straight, and more than half the surgical residents work
E. an investigation by state medical officials has found that, of twelve hospitals, all twelve consistently break the laws, that many residents work longer than 24 hours straight, with more than half the surgical residents working


The Oa is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
c


I am confused here. The OA says investigation has found as in C. But i think its not investigation but the officials have found. Hence Oa is not C but B which has 'have found'. Any thoughts here?

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Re: investigations of the hospitals   [#permalink] 26 Apr 2011, 05:40

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