GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 18 Sep 2019, 19:46

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 14 Sep 2005
Posts: 859
Location: South Korea
Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 11 Sep 2018, 04:30
25
1
101
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (01:03) correct 36% (01:18) wrong based on 4235 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease.

(A) the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease

(B) the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity

(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease

(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease

(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 264: Sentence Correction

Subscribe to GMAT Question of the Day: E-mail | RSS

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.

The Cheetah Species

(A) Modifier (homogeneity)

(B) Modifier (species)

(C) Modifier (homogeneity)

(D) Modifier (homogeneity)

(E) CORRECT

First glance

The underline starts shortly into the sentence and just after a comma. Different answer choices place a different noun after that comma (homogeneity, species, or members). This choice may be testing an opening modifier.

Issues

(1) Modifier: homogeneity; species

In fact, it is testing an opening modifier! The beginning portion (almost like clones in their similarity to one another) is describing some specific noun. What is it describing?

Logically, the opening modifier should be talking about some specific creatures who are very similar to one another. This noun should be the main noun after the opening modifier.

The main noun after the comma in answers (A), (C), and (D) is homogeneity, but homogeneity can’t be almost like clones in their similarity to one another. Eliminate these three choices.

Choice (B) is closer but still not quite right. The word species refers to the overall group. The opening modifier, however, refers to things that are almost like clones in their similarity to one another. The one another language indicates that the main noun should be the individual creatures in that group. Eliminate (B).

Correct answer (E) is the only one that fits the requirement: the individual members of the species are indeed the ones who are almost like clones because they are so similar to one another.

_________________
Auge um Auge, Zahn um Zahn !

Originally posted by gamjatang on 14 Dec 2005, 05:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Sep 2018, 04:30, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2811
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Apr 2018, 14:26
25
1
13
Much of the action is in the non-underlined portion of this sentence: “Almost like clones in their similarity to one another...” That phrase includes the plural pronoun “their”, so it needs to be followed by a plural noun that could reasonably be described as “like clones” in terms of their similarity to each other.

With that in mind…

Quote:
(A) the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease

(A) definitely doesn’t work, because “the cheetah species’ homogeneity” is singular, and it’s unreasonable to say that the “homogeneity” is “almost like clones in their similarity to one another.”

So (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity

The trouble here is that “the cheetah species” is singular, and once again, a singular species can’t logically be described as “almost like clones in their similarity to one another.” (And in case you’re wondering: yes, “species” can also be plural, but in this case, it’s followed by “is”, and then “its” refers back to “species” later in the sentence. So “species” is definitely singular in this particular sentence.)

We can eliminate (B), too.

Quote:
(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease

(C) repeats the exact same error as (A): “the homogeneity” is singular, and it’s still totally unreasonable to say that the “homogeneity” is “almost like clones in their similarity to one another.”

That takes care of (C).

Quote:
(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease

(D) rearranges a few things, but the heart of the problem is still completely the same as in (A) and (C): “homogeneity” is singular, and it’s once again unreasonable to say that the “homogeneity” is “almost like clones in their similarity to one another.”

(D) is gone, and I really hope we like (E), or else we’ll be starting over…

Quote:
(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity

Yup, this is fine! “Members” is plural, and it makes sense to say that “members of the cheetah species” are “almost like clones in their similarity to one another.”

“Their” also jumps out at me at the end of the sentence, and that’s fine, too: “their” refers to “members of the cheetah species.”

So (E) is our winner.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal
Manager
Joined: 11 Aug 2005
Posts: 77
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Dec 2005, 06:23
20
5
i take E.
we have to compare clones to cheetahs and not the homogeneity.so C D are out. in A "cheetah species' homogeneity " doesnt sound good. also species is a collective noun and hence singular. in A the use of "them" defies this rule.

between B and E. see in the main sentence, clones are used as individual entities and not a group by using "one another". hence i think "members" is more apt in E
_________________
------------------------------

only if i could choose....
##### General Discussion
SVP
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
Posts: 2416
Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2006, 22:21
5
3
Straight E

Its between B and E because of proper placement of word being modified.

Phrase "Almost like clones in their similarity to one another" suggested that this phrase should be modifying some plural subject. Thats why B is wrong.
_________________
SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - MBA CLASS OF 2008
SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1596
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Sep 2007, 05:25
4
Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease.

A. the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease
--> "homogeneity" is wrongly compared to "clones" . We can say that one clone is smiliar to another clone. However, can we say that a homogeneity is similar to another homogeneity? ---> It is obviously that "homogeneity" can't be compared with "clones" . Also, "them" has no specific antecedent.

One gramma point noted by Vivek123 long ago:
1. The taciturn personality of Joana makes her difficult to approach. --> in this case, "her" is understood to refer to "Joana"
In another case:
2. Joana's taciturn personality makes her difficult to approach --> "her" cannot be used to refer to "Joana"
==> for above reasons, A is out.

B. the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity
--> "its" has no specific antecedent, whether it's "species" or "disease" we don't know. --> B is out.

C. the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease
---> "homogeneity" is wrongly compared with "clones"
--> C is out.

D. homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease
---> Same reason as in C. --> out

E. members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity --> correct.
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2851
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Apr 2018, 12:40
3
shilpibansal wrote:
The comparison should be between clones and cheetah. So, eliminate options: A,C,D (comparison of clones with homogeneity is wrong) and option B ("is" is wrong because its singular)

Hello shilpibansal,

Congratulations on solving this official sentence correct. You have done a neat job in quickly solving this problem correctly. Keep up the good work.

I would just like to say that from your analysis of Choice B, it appears that you think that species is a plural noun and hence use of single is incorrect.

Please note that word species is considered singular when it has been used in connection of one entity.

Since this official sentence talks about cheetah species, the word species is singular.

Choice B is incorrect because like other choice, this choice also presents illogical comparison between clones (individual units) and cheetah species.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________
Director
Joined: 07 Nov 2005
Posts: 795
Location: India
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2006, 21:40
1
4
Straight E.

C and D wrongly compare clones to homogeneity.
Between B and E, E is better since 'members of the cheetah species' is plural and 'one another' rightly does the comparison.
Retired Moderator
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4897
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Mar 2016, 05:14
1
The modification error clearly removes three choices namely A, C and D. It is not the homogeneity that is like clones but the members of the Cheetah species.
B is out for reasons of subject – pronoun number disagreement by using their for the singular species.E is the final survivor
_________________
If you can't sync with the vibe of GMAT, you had better think!!!
Manager
Joined: 28 Jan 2018
Posts: 149
Location: Taiwan
GMAT 1: 690 Q47 V38
GPA: 3.34
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Feb 2018, 05:47
1
Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease.

(A) the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease
"Them" intends to refer to "the cheetah species", but it is not found in (A). (A)'s main subject is species's "homogeneity".

(B) the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity
"Almost like clones in their similarity to one another"

(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease
"it" wrongly refer to "the homogeneity. Homogeneity does not make homogeneity vulnerable.

(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease
"Almost like clones in their similarity to one another" is not modifying "homogeneity".

(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity

Correct me if my explanations are wrong.
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2851
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Apr 2018, 09:59
1
megakee9 wrote:
Can easily pick E by considering S-V agreement. Only E has a plural subject, which matches 'their'.

Hello megakee9,

Your reason is absolutely sound to reject all answer choices and select Choice E as the correct answer for this official sentence.

However, the basis on which you have made this selection is not S-V agreement as there is no Verb engaged in your logical analysis.

Their is a plural pronoun that must agree in number with its noun antecedent that it refers to. So you made your selection on the basis of Pronoun- Antecedent number agreement.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2851
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2018, 07:23
1
chandra004 wrote:
I'm not able to grasp completely what do you mean by "Please note that word species is considered singular when it has been used in connection of one entity."
Please elaborate that for me. Thank you.

Hello chandra004,

Thank you for the query.

The word species in general is a singular noun.

When used as many species or in a context when the word has been used for more than one living being, then it acts as a plural.

Long story short, species can be used as both singular and plural noun. The usage will depend on the context of the sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2811
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jul 2018, 21:09
1
zoezhuyan wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
Much of the action is in the non-underlined portion of this sentence: “Almost like clones in their similarity to one another...” That phrase includes the plural pronoun “their”, so it needs to be followed by a plural noun that could reasonably be described as “like clones” in terms of their similarity to each other.

With that in mind…

Hi GMATNinja,
I haven't completely grasped the point of your explanation.
why it need to be followed by a plural noun, just because of "their" in the non-underlined portion?
first, i think "their" refers to "clones"
second, i don't thinks plural noun need follow because i read a sentence from MANHATTAN SC guidance:
UNLKIE her parents, she has green eyes --her parents is plural noun, she is singular,

Many posts discussed in this forum point out that it need to be followed by a plural noun because of their, but i havenot gotten. Please help,

Hi mikemcgarry, GMATNinjaTwo, MagooshExpert Carolyn,
sayantanc2
VeritasPrepKarishma

if you experts are available, please join.

Have a nice day
>_~

Good question! Let's start with the example you encountered: "Unlike her parents, she has green eyes." Notice that when we see the possessive pronoun "her," we haven't come across a referent (the noun the pronoun refers to) yet. Because "her" is singular, we know that the referent, once it appears, will be singular. So it makes perfect sense that the subject is "she," right?

Imagine that we change the beginning of the sentence to "Unlike their parents..." Now the pronoun, "their" is plural, so our expectation is that the coming referent will be plural. Consequently, we might see something like, "Unlike their parents, the Smith girls have little interest in money laundering." Our plural pronoun, "their," refers to the subsequent plural subject, "the Smith girls." The point is that in each instance it's the pronoun that dictates what type of noun will come next.

Back to the original construction: “Almost like clones in their similarity to one another...”

This is similar to our second example above. Just as "Unlike their parents," is setting up the expectation for a plural noun to come, "Almost like clones in their similarity," is doing the exact same thing. And just as "their" doesn't refer to "parents" in the first case - it refers to whomever we're comparing the parents to - "their" doesn't refer to "clones" in the second case, but rather to a plural noun that is being compared to clones later in the sentence.

I hope that helps!
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal
Manager
Joined: 07 Feb 2015
Posts: 61
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Jan 2016, 20:39
1
Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease.

(A) the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease
Modifier error. It's not the cheetah species' homogeneity that is similar, it's the cheetah species.

(B) the cheetah speciesis especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity
The modifier is correct but it runs into a second problem. The species can't be vulnerable to disease, the cheetahs themselves are vulnerable to the disease. This error is fixed in E.

(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease
Modifier error. It's not the cheetah species' homogeneity that is similar, it's the cheetah species.

(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease
Modifier error. It's not the cheetah species' homogeneity that is similar, it's the cheetah species.

(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity
Correct
Retired Moderator
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 1094
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Aug 2016, 11:17
gamjatang wrote:
Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease.

we have "their" in dependent clause so in the independent clause we would need PLURAL subject.

(A) the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease
homogineity is singular. and wrong subject.

(B) the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity

(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease

(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease

(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity
_________________
Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2384
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Nov 2017, 00:30
Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease.

(A) the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease - Illogical modification - homogeneity cannot be like clones ; do not have an antecedent for “them”
(B) the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity - “Like” illogically compares “the cheetah species” with clones. The cheetah species is not like clones; it’s the members that are like clones ; “species” is singular here, there is no antecedent for “their”.
(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease - “Like” illogically compares “homogeneity” with clones ; No antecedent for “their”.
(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease - “Like” illogically compares “homogeneity” with clones
(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity- Correct

_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
Retired Moderator
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1200
Location: India
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
Re: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah spe  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Nov 2017, 08:06
Almost like clones in their similarity to one another, the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease.

(A) the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease -misplaced modifier
(B) the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity -species is singular, thus "their" can't refer to species
(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease -misplaced modifier
(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease -misplaced modifier
(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity - Correct. Plural their goes hand in hand with members
_________________
Intern
Joined: 16 Jan 2018
Posts: 20
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Apr 2018, 00:28
The comparison should be between clones and cheetah. So, eliminate options: A,C,D (comparison of clones with homogeneity is wrong) and option B ("is" is wrong because its singular)
(A)the cheetah species’ homogeneity makes them especially vulnerable to disease
(B) the cheetah species is especially vulnerable to disease because of its homogeneity
(C) the homogeneity of the cheetah species makes it especially vulnerable to disease
(D) homogeneity makes members of the cheetah species especially vulnerable to disease
(E) members of the cheetah species are especially vulnerable to disease because of their homogeneity
Intern
Joined: 24 Feb 2018
Posts: 17
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Apr 2018, 09:14
Can easily pick E by considering S-V agreement. Only E has a plural subject, which matches 'their'.
Intern
Joined: 30 Nov 2016
Posts: 34
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V33
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Apr 2018, 03:15
egmat wrote:
shilpibansal wrote:
The comparison should be between clones and cheetah. So, eliminate options: A,C,D (comparison of clones with homogeneity is wrong) and option B ("is" is wrong because its singular)

Hello shilpibansal,

Congratulations on solving this official sentence correct. You have done a neat job in quickly solving this problem correctly. Keep up the good work.

I would just like to say that from your analysis of Choice B, it appears that you think that species is a plural noun and hence use of single is incorrect.

Please note that word species is considered singular when it has been used in connection of one entity.

Since this official sentence talks about cheetah species, the word species is singular.

Choice B is incorrect because like other choice, this choice also presents illogical comparison between clones (individual units) and cheetah species.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

I'm not able to grasp completely what do you mean by "Please note that word species is considered singular when it has been used in connection of one entity."
Please elaborate that for me. Thank you.
_________________
Good things are going to happen. Keep fighting for what you want. Don't worry and have faith that it'll all work out!
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Sep 2016
Posts: 283
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2018, 21:55
GMATNinja wrote:
Much of the action is in the non-underlined portion of this sentence: “Almost like clones in their similarity to one another...” That phrase includes the plural pronoun “their”, so it needs to be followed by a plural noun that could reasonably be described as “like clones” in terms of their similarity to each other.

With that in mind…

Hi GMATNinja,
I haven't completely grasped the point of your explanation.
why it need to be followed by a plural noun, just because of "their" in the non-underlined portion?
first, i think "their" refers to "clones"
second, i don't thinks plural noun need follow because i read a sentence from MANHATTAN SC guidance:
UNLKIE her parents, she has green eyes --her parents is plural noun, she is singular,

Many posts discussed in this forum point out that it need to be followed by a plural noun because of their, but i havenot gotten. Please help,

Hi mikemcgarry, GMATNinjaTwo, MagooshExpert Carolyn,
sayantanc2
VeritasPrepKarishma

if you experts are available, please join.

Have a nice day
>_~
Re: QOTD: Almost like clones in their similarity to one another   [#permalink] 16 Jul 2018, 21:55

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 22 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by