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# Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite

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Manager
Joined: 01 May 2016
Posts: 82
Location: United States
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Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2018, 10:04
2
2
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (01:22) correct 26% (01:32) wrong based on 202 sessions

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Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear high pitched sounds better and respond better to cooing, baby talk and, especially, feminine voices.

A Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

B Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

C Despite the fact that a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

D Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that they can hear

E Although a baby is already born with a good sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, meaning it hears

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Re: Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2018, 10:12
2
Tridhipal wrote:
Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear high pitched sounds better and respond better to cooing, baby talk and, especially, feminine voices.

A Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

B Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

C Despite the fact that a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

D Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that they can hear

E Although a baby is already born with a good sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, meaning it hears

Here, if we see the non-underlined portion - '....respond better...' which means it should refer to a plural subject.
Only options B and D contain plural subject babies. But B incorrectly refer to babies by 'it', so is incorrect.
Babies should be referred by 'they'.

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Re: Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2018, 13:26
Hi Tridhipal,

Thank you for your question. Let's look at this one problem at at time, and figure out how to find the right answer quickly!

The first thing I noticed when looking over the answers quickly is the use of the singular "a baby" versus the plural "babies." While I understand that it is common for people to use a singular subject as an example, especially when talking about people, it's best to stick with plural words when talking about groups of people. Since the sentence is talking about all babies, not just one, let's eliminate answers A, C, & E because they use the less clear "a baby."

This leaves us with answers B & D. Let's look at each to see if we can find the correct answer:

B: Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

This answer is INCORRECT because the words "babies" and "it" don't agree in number.

D: Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that they can hear

This answer is CORRECT because the words "babies" and "they" agree, and it is clear the sentence is talking about all babies, rather than just one.
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Manager
Joined: 01 Feb 2015
Posts: 75
Re: Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2018, 21:12
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hi Tridhipal,

Thank you for your question. Let's look at this one problem at at time, and figure out how to find the right answer quickly!

The first thing I noticed when looking over the answers quickly is the use of the singular "a baby" versus the plural "babies." While I understand that it is common for people to use a singular subject as an example, especially when talking about people, it's best to stick with plural words when talking about groups of people. Since the sentence is talking about all babies, not just one, let's eliminate answers A, C, & E because they use the less clear "a baby."

This leaves us with answers B & D. Let's look at each to see if we can find the correct answer:

B: Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

This answer is INCORRECT because the words "babies" and "it" don't agree in number.

D: Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that they can hear

This answer is CORRECT because the words "babies" and "they" agree, and it is clear the sentence is talking about all babies, rather than just one.

Why is option A incorrect? baby ... it - both agree in number. correct?
Manager
Joined: 01 May 2016
Posts: 82
Location: United States
GPA: 3.8
Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite  [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2018, 21:49
1
Chef wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
Hi Tridhipal,

Thank you for your question. Let's look at this one problem at at time, and figure out how to find the right answer quickly!

The first thing I noticed when looking over the answers quickly is the use of the singular "a baby" versus the plural "babies." While I understand that it is common for people to use a singular subject as an example, especially when talking about people, it's best to stick with plural words when talking about groups of people. Since the sentence is talking about all babies, not just one, let's eliminate answers A, C, & E because they use the less clear "a baby."

This leaves us with answers B & D. Let's look at each to see if we can find the correct answer:

B: Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear

This answer is INCORRECT because the words "babies" and "it" don't agree in number.

D: Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that they can hear

This answer is CORRECT because the words "babies" and "they" agree, and it is clear the sentence is talking about all babies, rather than just one.

Why is option A incorrect? baby ... it - both agree in number. correct?

In option A, "it" is present in two places

Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that it can hear high pitched sounds better and respond better to cooing, baby talk and, especially, feminine voices.

So now question this: What is quite rudimentary?...hearing is quite rudimentary. => it refers to hearing.
second "it" shud technically refers to a baby. ...-->but this puts us in dilemma whether it can refer to a baby or hearing.

Whereas with option D
Although babies are already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite rudimentary, which means that they can hear -----> this is more clear.

Hope this clarifies !!
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Although a baby is already born with a sense of hearing, it is quite &nbs [#permalink] 11 Apr 2018, 21:49
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