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Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, typically

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Joined: 09 Jan 2013
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Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, typically [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 01:43
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15% (low)

Question Stats:

80% (01:24) correct 20% (01:14) wrong based on 55 sessions

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Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, typically causes death within 3 to 5 years of the onset of symptoms, on average, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds, in contrast, by living more than 40 years after his initial diagnosis.
(A) typically causes death within 3 to 5 years of the onset of symptoms, on average, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds, in contrast,
(B) causes death within 3 to 5 years of the onset of symptoms, on average, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds, in contrast,
(C) typically causes death within 3 to 5 years of the onset of symptoms, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds
(D) causes death within 3 to 5 years of the average onset of symptoms, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds, by contrast,
(E) typically causes death within 3 to 5 years of the average onset of symptoms, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds

Need detailed explanation.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 13 Nov 2013, 02:12, edited 1 time in total.
Underlined the question.

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Re: Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, typically [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 02:11
Hello vivmechster

First of all, "Although" conveys contrast meaning by itself ==> "in contrast" in A, B, D is redundant ==> Out immediately. Only C and E remain.

Let analyze the question:

Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, typically causes death within 3 to 5 years of the onset of symptoms, on average, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds, in contrast, by living more than 40 years after his initial diagnosis.

(A) typically causes death within 3 to 5 years of the onset of symptoms, on average, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds, in contrast,
Wrong. Redundant problem.

(B) causes death within 3 to 5 years of the onset of symptoms, on average, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds, in contrast,
Wrong. Redundant problem.

(C) typically causes death within 3 to 5 years of the onset of symptoms, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds
Correct.

(D) causes death within 3 to 5 years of the average onset of symptoms, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds, by contrast,
Wrong. Redundant problem.

(E) typically causes death within 3 to 5 years of the average onset of symptoms, the famous physicist Stephen Hawking has defied the odds
Wrong. The onset is the starting POINT of period ==> We only have average of 2 points, not average of only 1 point. Thus, the average onset is wrong usage.

Hope it helps.
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Kudos [?]: 3484 [0], given: 123

Re: Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, typically   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2013, 02:11
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