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# Although computers can enhance people's ability to

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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 10:55
Can you clarify your question more. What you doubt? What you think about answer choice A? and Your reasoning answer choice A as not defender type?
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2012, 15:19
tuanquang269 wrote:
Can you clarify your question more. What you doubt? What you think about answer choice A? and Your reasoning answer choice A as not defender type?

When you go through powerscore CR bible you will fiond a technique for solving assumption question Defender and supporter model

Suppose
Conclusion: More time on Comp affecting the communication skill.
So assumption Nothing other than communication skill is the cause of bad communication skill
So option A says the same thing other activities do not the communication skill.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2012, 23:36
1
Archit143 wrote:
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumption?

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.

B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.

C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.

D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's aquisistion of communication skills.

E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development

I know this question is discussed on this forum i am posting i have got a doubt regarding option A is not an example of Defender type model as discussed in Powerscore under heading of Assumption.............Please help

Option (A) is not an assumption. Our argument does not tell us that children who do not play computer games watch television/listen to music instead. We do not know what the other kids do and what activities do/do not hinder interpersonal communication. All we are assuming is that children who do not play computer games do spend some time talking to people and hence their interpersonal skills are better.

You can use Assumption Negation Technique with option A.

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.
Negate A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music hinder the development of communication skills in children.

Can our conclusion still be true? Sure! Who said that children who do not play computer games watch TV instead? Children who do not play computer games could be interacting with other people for some time. They could have better interpersonal communication skills.

Since option (A) is not necessary for our conclusion to be true, it is not an assumption.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 10:26
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of
underdeveloped communication skills in children. After-school hours spent playing computer games are
hours not spent talking with people. Therefore, children who spend all their spare time playing these games
have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of
communication skills in children.
(8) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after-school hours, in which they can choose whether
to play computer games or to interact with other people.
(C) Children who do not spend all of their after-school hours playing computer games spend at least some of
that time talking with other people.
(0) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills.
(E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's
intellectual development.

Can someone explain why the OA is right?
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 10:32
brooksbrahs wrote:
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of
underdeveloped communication skills in children. After-school hours spent playing computer games are
hours not spent talking with people
. Therefore, children who spend all their spare time playing these games
have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of
communication skills in children.
(8) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after-school hours, in which they can choose whether
to play computer games or to interact with other people.
(C) Children who do not spend all of their after-school hours playing computer games spend at least some of
that time talking with other people.
(0) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills.
(E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's
intellectual development.

Can someone explain why the OA is right?

The argument is based on the fact highlighted in red. based on this argument author concludes that children who spend all their spare time playing these games
have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have. Underlying assumption is that those who do not play computer games talk to people!
Ans C explaines exactly that.

Hence Ans C it is.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 10:49
The correct answer is C.

The paragraph states that the children who play computer games have underdeveloped communication skills. So why would children other children have developed communication skills (Basically this a comparison between those with undeveloped and developed skills)? The children with developed abilities can communicate well because they spend some of their after school time communicating with others.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 20:55
Vips0000 wrote:
brooksbrahs wrote:
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of
underdeveloped communication skills in children. After-school hours spent playing computer games are
hours not spent talking with people
. Therefore, children who spend all their spare time playing these games
have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of
communication skills in children.
(8) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after-school hours, in which they can choose whether
to play computer games or to interact with other people.
(C) Children who do not spend all of their after-school hours playing computer games spend at least some of
that time talking with other people.
(0) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills.
(E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's
intellectual development.

Can someone explain why the OA is right?

The argument is based on the fact highlighted in red. based on this argument author concludes that children who spend all their spare time playing these games
have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have. Underlying assumption is that those who do not play computer games talk to people!
Ans C explaines exactly that.

Hence Ans C it is.

Hi Vips,

just trying to understand the underlying assumption.

After school hours spent on playing computer games are not spent talking with people. hence I feel the assumption is "Children who do not play computer games, spent time talking to people". Then how does this relate to C which says "Children who do not spend all their spare time, spend some of their time in talking with people." Isn't this changing the scope of assumption. Also if you negate this statement (C) for me.

Further I feel choice A could be a passive/defender model assumption. So I am confused between A & C

Thanks
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2013, 22:48
David, check below link. It has detailed explanation on this problem:
http://www.manhattangmat.com/blog/index ... r-choices/
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2013, 01:19
The conclusion is children who spent all their time after school hours playing computers are less experienced than the other children. The assumption lies on the children who do not play computer games that simply their activities is at least giving them more allowance to practice social skills...

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.
This is a little tempting... When I was answering this I initially kept it until I found a better answer, but this could be dismissed because the author did not assume that only computer games does that... hence, this is far out to the author's assumption....

B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.
I ignored be simply because I cannot dismiss it and at the same time, I cannot accept it as the answer. Keep this for now.

C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.
Bingo! This is what we are looking for. If children who do not play computer games still did not talk with people then they are no better than the other children. This needs to be assumed for the conclusion to be valid. Best answer.

D and E are irrelevant
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2013, 07:22
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumption?

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.

B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.

C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.

D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills.

E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development

I know this question is discussed on this forum i am posting i have got a doubt regarding option A is not an example of Defender type model as discussed in Powerscore under heading of Assumption.............Please help
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2013, 12:06
This is an easy one. The argument says that playing computer games prevents the time spent doing so from being spent interacting with others. This clearly assumes that were the games not to be played, at least some of that time would be spent in interacting with others. Lets look at the options and verify.

Looking at the options, we can easily pick out C and eliminate the others. Therefore C is the correct answer.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2013, 20:43
1
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2013, 03:16
doe007 wrote:
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.

Hi Doe,

If you are merging the duplicate threads, then u ROCK. keep on merging. KUDOS for such activity.

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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2014, 08:46
rahulraao wrote:
Although computers can enhance people's ability to communicate, computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children. After school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking to people. Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.

The argument depends on which of the following assumption?

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children.
B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people.
C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.
D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills.
E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development

Taking more time to answer CR question. . eps Assumption type.

Conclusion: children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have.
Evidence: computer games are a cause of underdeveloped communication skills in children.

Assumption:
1) only Talking to people will help to increase the Communication skills.
2) Children have only spare time to play Computer games or Talk with people.
3) If children play comp games then they cannot talk with people.

A) Passive activities such as watching television and listening to music do not hinder the development of communication skills in children. - Passive activity has nothing to do with talking with people - Weakener
B) Most children have other opportunities, in addition to after school hours, in which they can choose whether to play computer games or to interact with other people. - - Weakeners
C) Children who do not spend all their after hour playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people. - Correct one. When people do not spend playing cricket then they spend talking with peoples. Same as assumption 3
D) Formal instruction contributes little or nothing to children's acquisition of communication skills. - Irrelevant - Formal instruction contributes little or nothing
E) The mental skills developed through playing computer games do not contribute significantly to children's intellectual development - Irrelevant - Mental skill is not spoke here.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2014, 07:26
Conclusion: Children who spend all their spare time playing computer games have less experience in interpersonal skills than other children have.

The argument compares interpersonal skills of two groups of children.
Negating the correct answer, that is answer choice (C), :

Children who do not spend all none of their after-school hours not playing computer games spend at least some none of that time talking with other people.

In other words, children who spend after-school hours not playing computer games spend none of that time talking with other people.

Negating the answer choice (C) states just opposite of conclusion, therefore choice (C) is the correct assumption.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2014, 06:59
Experts,

The conclusion of the above questions states that , "Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have"

What if the conclusion was , "Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have poor experience in interpersonal communication ". Will Option D be a correct answer choice in that case? I am asking this because I eliminated option D on the basis that th conclusion referes to a comparison between two types of children, one who plays games during spare time and one who do not. If this comparison is removed (this is not talked about in premise as well) then option D can be an assumption because then the argument will take the shape of a causal relationship, spare time games -> poor communication skills and Option D defends this conclusion.

Please advise if above is correct as it will help me to judge my reasoning.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2014, 08:36
nitin6305 wrote:
Experts,

The conclusion of the above questions states that , "Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have"

What if the conclusion was , "Therefore, children who spent their spare time playing these games have poor experience in interpersonal communication ". Will Option D be a correct answer choice in that case? I am asking this because I eliminated option D on the basis that th conclusion referes to a comparison between two types of children, one who plays games during spare time and one who do not. If this comparison is removed (this is not talked about in premise as well) then option D can be an assumption because then the argument will take the shape of a causal relationship, spare time games -> poor communication skills and Option D defends this conclusion.

Please advise if above is correct as it will help me to judge my reasoning.

Even though advice is sought from experts, I would like to add my line of reasoning.

The premise in the argument states that "After-school hours spent playing computer games are hours not spent talking with people. " Clearly, after-school hours spent talking with people are hours not spent playing computer games.

In order to make option D as assumption, then modified argument must have conclusion: "Therefore, school going children who spent their spare time playing these games have less experience in interpersonal communication than other children have".

The statement in option D then adds necessary input.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2015, 11:26
The key here is to recognize subsets. First sub set is children who play games. The other All - First subset. This is the other children Naturally if the author states that subset One does not do something than Other he is assuming the other as in choice C.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2015, 01:01
I believe the best strategy to attack assumption questions is to find the conclusion first and then negate the answer choices one by one(ANT technique). The negated answer choice that breaks the conclusion will be the correct answer, which is answer choice C in this case. I find this technique powerful but i still think that i need more practice to master it.
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Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to  [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2016, 04:49
tinman1412 wrote:
OG 11 page #482 Question 52. There's no typo

Yes there is -
This is official choice C

(C) Children who do not spend all of their after-school hours playing computer games spend at least some of that time talking with other people.
Re: Although computers can enhance people's ability to &nbs [#permalink] 26 Apr 2016, 04:49

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