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Although its name sounds like a possessive

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Although its name sounds like a possessive [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2018, 03:03
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Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (01:25) correct 47% (01:36) wrong based on 127 sessions

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Although its name sounds like a possessive, the Ralphs chain of supermarkets does not include an apostrophe and is in fact named for its founder George Ralphs. Therefore, it is unlikely that the chain was given its name in an effort to invoke the feel of a local, owner-operated store.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A) None of the other supermarket chains owned by the Yucaipa Companies, which purchased the Ralphs chain in 1994, has a person's name as the store's brand.
B) Supermarkets and other retailers often go by a founder's name as a way to create a locally-owned, community feel.
C) The Ralphs name has remained unchanged since the store was founded in 1873, even though ownership of the chain has changed several times.
D) When George Ralphs filed his initial permit for a business license for his first store, he omitted a company name and the licensing bureau simply used his surname to finish the paperwork.
E) In many communities it is common for regular patrons of retailers to colloquially add a possessive apostrophe-S to store names, such as Kroger's or Ford's, that do not actually involve possessives in the official names

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA: D

Official Sol

As with any Strengthen question, here you should seek out the conclusion and be sure to notice its specific scope: here it is that it's unlikely that the Ralphs supermarket chain was given its name to convey the feel of a local, owner-operated store. Note that the question is specific to the one chain, Ralphs, and to the original reason it got the Ralphs name. This can help you eliminate choice A, which talks Ralphs' new ownership - not the group that gave the original name.

Choice B is also incorrect: remember, your job is to show that it is UNLIKELY that Ralphs was given its name to convey this idea of a locally-owned store, so it is not helpful to your conclusion that some supermarket chains DO give names for that reason.

Choice C simply gives more context about the name Ralphs - how long it has been around - but does not allow you to determine why the supermarket chain received its name.

Choice D is correct, as it proves that Ralphs did not receive its name intentionally at all: if the name were given because the founder did not provide a name on the registration form, then it could not have had the intent to create that feel of a local store.

And choice E is incorrect as it misses the scope entirely - this argument is about how Ralphs received its official name, not about what people tend to call stores colloquially.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Although its name sounds like a possessive [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2018, 16:14
NandishSS wrote:
Although its name sounds like a possessive, the Ralphs chain of supermarkets does not include an apostrophe and is in fact named for its founder George Ralphs. Therefore, it is unlikely that the chain was given its name in an effort to invoke the feel of a local, owner-operated store.

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

A) None of the other supermarket chains owned by the Yucaipa Companies, which purchased the Ralphs chain in 1994, has a person's name as the store's brand.
B) Supermarkets and other retailers often go by a founder's name as a way to create a locally-owned, community feel.
C) The Ralphs name has remained unchanged since the store was founded in 1873, even though ownership of the chain has changed several times.
D) When George Ralphs filed his initial permit for a business license for his first store, he omitted a company name and the licensing bureau simply used his surname to finish the paperwork.
E) In many communities it is common for regular patrons of retailers to colloquially add a possessive apostrophe-S to store names, such as Kroger's or Ford's, that do not actually involve possessives in the official names.

Dear NandishSS,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Conclusion: the author believes that the chain was not given its name in an effort to invoke the feel of a local owner-operated store.

A) None of the other supermarket chains owned by the Yucaipa Companies, which purchased the Ralphs chain in 1994, has a person's name as the store's brand.
This is vaguely suggestive, but does not provide clear evidence about how Ralphs got its name. This is incorrect.

B) Supermarkets and other retailers often go by a founder's name as a way to create a locally-owned, community feel.
This is a general pattern. Did Ralphs follow this pattern when it was named? We don't know. This is incorrect.

C) The Ralphs name has remained unchanged since the store was founded in 1873, even though ownership of the chain has changed several times.
While that's interesting, it doesn't reveal any motivation about why it was named "Ralphs" in the first place. This is incorrect.

D) When George Ralphs filed his initial permit for a business license for his first store, he omitted a company name and the licensing bureau simply used his surname to finish the paperwork.
Interesting. This tells us about the actual process by which the store acquired its name, and it appears that it was somewhat accidental, certainly not an intentional act. This is a promising choice.

E) In many communities it is common for regular patrons of retailers to colloquially add a possessive apostrophe-S to store names, such as Kroger's or Ford's, that do not actually involve possessives in the official names.
This speaks more to common misunderstandings, not to the original motivations in choosing a name. This is incorrect.

(D) is a strong answer. If George Ralphs simply forgot to enter a company name, perhaps this was by accident, but he certainly would not have known how that blank might be filled in. The clerk who put his surname into that slot simply was trying to fill in every part of a bureaucratic form: the furthest concern from that pencil-pusher's mind was the marketing appeal of one name vs. another. Therefore, this piece of information definitely strengthens the argument.

OA = (D)

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Although its name sounds like a possessive [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2018, 21:20
The option D presents the reason how the supermarket chain got its name which clearly support the fact that the supermarket is not named to give local , owner operated store

Ans: D
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Re: Although its name sounds like a possessive [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2018, 13:27
mikemcgarry wrote:

Conclusion: the author believes that the chain was not given its name in an effort to invoke the feel of a local owner-operated store.


Dear mikemcgarry,

I hope you are well. :-)

I have a problem to understand the conclusion from language standpoint. To be precise, what does 'in an effort to' modify? To help you I undestood it in 2 different way as follows:

1- [it is unlikely that] [the chain was given its name in an effort to invoke the feel of a local, owner-operated store.]
or

2- [it is unlikely that the chain was given its name] [in an effort to invoke the feel of a local, owner-operated store.]

I hope the coloring parts conveys how I understood this sentence.

Thanks
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Re: Although its name sounds like a possessive [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2018, 17:45
Mo2men wrote:

Dear mikemcgarry,

I hope you are well. :-)

I have a problem to understand the conclusion from language standpoint. To be precise, what does 'in an effort to' modify? To help you I undestood it in 2 different way as follows:

1- [it is unlikely that] [the chain was given its name in an effort to invoke the feel of a local, owner-operated store.]
or

2- [it is unlikely that the chain was given its name] [in an effort to invoke the feel of a local, owner-operated store.]

I hope the coloring parts conveys how I understood this sentence.

Thanks


Hi Mo2men!

I can step in for Mike here :-)

Here, even though the structure here is a little complex, there is only one way to interpret this sentence. "In an effort to" is modifying "the chain was given its name". So, we have the idea that the chain could be named "Ralphs" in order to make the store feel local and owner-operated. However, this sentence is saying that this idea is unlikely. Does that make sense?

Let me know! :-)
-Carolyn
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Re: Although its name sounds like a possessive   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2018, 17:45
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