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# Although low in per capita income, India is among the ten

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Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2003
Posts: 62
Although low in per capita income, India is among the ten [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2003, 18:24
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Although low in per capita income, India is among the ten most industrialized nations, among the only seven countries that have launched their own Earth satellites, and among the three countries that have the largest pools of technically trained persons.

a) among the only seven countries that have launched their own Earth satellites, and among
b) the only seven countries to have launched their own Earth satellites, and
c) among the only seven countries to have launched their own Earth satellites, and
d) the seven countries that are the only ones that launched their own Earth satellites, and
e) the seven countries that have been the only ones to launch their own Earth satellites, and

Which one is correct?
Manager
Joined: 22 Apr 2003
Posts: 177

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02 Jul 2003, 18:48
mr_sarn wrote:
Although low in per capita income, India is among the ten most industrialized nations, among the only seven countries that have launched their own Earth satellites, and among the three countries that have the largest pools of technically trained persons.

a) among the only seven countries that have launched their own Earth satellites, and among
b) the only seven countries to have launched their own Earth satellites, and
c) among the only seven countries to have launched their own Earth satellites, and
d) the seven countries that are the only ones that launched their own Earth satellites, and
e) the seven countries that have been the only ones to launch their own Earth satellites, and

Which one is correct?

I think this question have a bit tough SC.........
Manager
Joined: 18 Jun 2003
Posts: 141
Location: Hockeytown

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02 Jul 2003, 21:35
Parallel construction is bad in (C), (D) and (E), so (A) and (B) are the only candidates.

(A) is unnecessarily wordy. (B) is a better choice. In fact, (B) contains the elegant idiom "among the [noun] to have."
Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2003
Posts: 150

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03 Jul 2003, 01:52
A??

The sentence checks for parallelism construct.
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2003
Posts: 62

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03 Jul 2003, 05:30

Try to plug E in the problem quoted. You'll see another parallelism, beleive me.

At first I'd go for A. But It's wrong.

Let's think about redundancy in A.
among 1, among 2, and among 3

That's why I posted.
Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2003
Posts: 150

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03 Jul 2003, 06:21
i find hard to digest E as the answer..

Talking of redundancy.... E has a redudant word "ones".

When it would simply have meant "the only seven countries that have launched their own Earth satellites" instead of

the seven countries that have been the only ones .

Another thing that raises doubt in my mind is the use of "present perfect continous" tense in option "E". Here it suggests that India is among the seven countries, which have been launching satellites since a long time in past.

While the original sentence "A" doesnt seem to suggest so. This is very important to note that, we cannot change the meaning of "A".

Considering all this i still stand by choice "A".

All questions are invited
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2003
Posts: 62

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03 Jul 2003, 23:27
To evensflow,
Quote:
Another thing that raises doubt in my mind is the use of "present perfect continous" tense in option "E". Here it suggests that India is among the seven countries, which have been launching satellites since a long time in past. .

I think in E, it's not present perfect con., but ordinary present perfect.

BTW a and e i feel that the meaning quite same. Moreover, if plug E in i see the parallelism.
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2003
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04 Jul 2003, 02:59
To be honest.
I don't have the official key for this question .
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2003
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04 Jul 2003, 04:55
OK Stoylar,
I'm going to explain my final explanation.

If u choose A it means INDIA is among the 10 countries and among another 3 countries, and among additional 7 countries.

But I think that the asked chunk is the modification of the 10 industrialized countries. (10 = 7+3)
This meaning is more reasonable than that of A, I think.

However, at last it's up to u.
Manager
Joined: 04 Jun 2003
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04 Jul 2003, 05:33
To choose btw E and B, I must go for E.
Because of the parallelism like that I said at the beginning.
GMAT Instructor
Joined: 07 Jul 2003
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Location: New York NY 10024
Schools: Haas, MFE; Anderson, MBA; USC, MSEE

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07 Jul 2003, 02:20
IMHO, the correct answer is A. Although it seems redundant to repeat the "amongs", they are necessary in this case for without them, the following phrases can be construed to modify "the ten most ... countries" because of the coincidence that there are seven and three in the next two groups. (i.e., it can be misinterpreted to think that we are only talking about 10 countries, 7 or which are one thing, and 3 of which are another). Also, A is the only one to properly use "that have launched their own satellites" as the verb tense. All of the others sound awkward.

AB
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26 Aug 2006, 06:06
Weird sentence, but repeating among is necessary to avoid confusion.

Agree with (A)
VP
Joined: 21 Aug 2006
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26 Aug 2006, 23:23
GMATT73, I agree with you. B can be misleading
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Director
Joined: 23 Jun 2005
Posts: 841
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27 Aug 2006, 06:17
Add one more to the E pool. Even though a bit wordy, E sounds most logical.
SVP
Joined: 14 Dec 2004
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27 Aug 2006, 12:07
I think it should be "E".

"A" is logically wrong. "E" is both grammatically & logically correct.
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Although low in per capita income, India is among the ten [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2015, 20:46
Although low in per capita income, India is among the ten most industrialized nations, among the only seven countries that have launched their own Earth satellites, and among the three countries that have the largest pools of technically trained persons.

First Grammar:

a) among the only seven countries that have launched their own Earth satellites, and among – looks ok.

b) the only seven countries to have launched their own Earth satellites, and : This has faulty parallelism. To have launched - an infinitive - and -that have the largest pool - a clause is not proper //

c) among the only seven countries to have launched their own Earth satellites, and : Using among for two factors and leaving it for the third is no good parallelism.

d) the seven countries that are the only ones that launched their own Earth satellites, and : launched, a past tense clause - and - -that have the largest pools- a clause with present perfect is not good parallelism.

e) the seven countries that have been the only ones to launch their own Earth satellites, and : that have been the only ones- a present perfect (meaning that they are not any more the only ones) and that have the largest pools- a present tense - is no good parallelism.

BY POE only A survives grammar norms.

Now Meaning: The question wants to list three factors in favor of India. All the three are independent of each other. The two later ones are not the modifiers of the first namely the 10 industrial nations.

For example, if you want to define industrial nations as those that have launched their own satellites and those that have the largest pools, then the numbers of seven and three are irrelevant then. If there are among the 10 industrialized nations, only three have largest pools, what happened to the other seven? Can we conclude that the other seven cannot be defined as industrialized? The paradox of this factor is that three of the Group of Eight countries, the highly industrialized countries of the world, namely Germany, Italy, and Canada have still not launched their own satellites, while Iran, not anywhere near a highly industrialized status, has its own satellite.
Therefore being industrialized and launching their own satellite and having the largest pools are not a package but are totally independent. This is the core of the question at hand and hence A, though wordy a bit, makes things clear.

Very nice question and kudo to the poster.

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Although low in per capita income, India is among the ten   [#permalink] 02 Nov 2015, 20:46
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