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Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate

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Manager
Joined: 20 Apr 2013
Posts: 149
Re: Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate [#permalink]

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18 May 2016, 10:52
sayantanc2k wrote:
it is very evident from the first part of the sentence that the "rate" refers to the consumption of fatty foods : "people in France consume fatty foods at a rate". Then why are you still not convinced that "that" is referring to the "rate" at which people consume food?

Hi sayantanc2k, this is exactly my doubt. Ideally, "that" should be referring to "rate of consumption of fatty foods" (and not just to "rate" because then it would not be clear "rate of what??).

However, this noun phrase "rate of consumption of fatty foods" is not present in the sentence. So, how can "that" refer to a Noun phrase that is not even present in the sentence? I remember it was told in the class that the noun must be present in the sentence in the same form. But may be I did not understand the instructor correctly, hence wanted to clarify.
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Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3201
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
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Re: Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate [#permalink]

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21 May 2016, 04:45
1
sukanyar wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
it is very evident from the first part of the sentence that the "rate" refers to the consumption of fatty foods : "people in France consume fatty foods at a rate". Then why are you still not convinced that "that" is referring to the "rate" at which people consume food?

Hi sayantanc2k, this is exactly my doubt. Ideally, "that" should be referring to "rate of consumption of fatty foods" (and not just to "rate" because then it would not be clear "rate of what??).

However, this noun phrase "rate of consumption of fatty foods" is not present in the sentence. So, how can "that" refer to a Noun phrase that is not even present in the sentence? I remember it was told in the class that the noun must be present in the sentence in the same form. But may be I did not understand the instructor correctly, hence wanted to clarify.

No Sukanya, the pronoun "that" refers to a noun, not a noun phrase as a whole. The pronoun "that" creates a new copy of a previous noun ("rate") in the sentence. Hence presence of "rate" is good enough, as long as it is clear from the context which rate is referred to.
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Joined: 27 Mar 2010
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Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate [#permalink]

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21 May 2016, 08:28
Indeed sykanyar, as sayantanc2k has pointed out, that will clearly an unambiguously refer to rate in this sentence.
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Manager
Joined: 04 Aug 2015
Posts: 82
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V35
GPA: 3.39
Re: Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2016, 21:01
Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate comparable to the United States, their death rates from heart disease are far lower in France.

A. Same
The point of comparison is 'rate' and thus the United States must be turned to possessive.
B. people in France and the United States consume fatty foods at about the same rate, the
C. fatty foods are consumed by people in France at a comparable rate to the United States's, their
Logically, 'their' must refer to people in France but grammatically it has two possible antecedents - fatty foods and people in France. Thus, the pronoun is ambiguous.
D. the rate of fatty foods consumed in France and the United States is about the same, the
In this option, 'the rate of' refers to the price of the fatty foods and that is out of context.
E. the rate of people consuming fatty foods is about the same in France and the United States, the
'the rate of people' appears to be troublesome to me. Moreover, since we the sentence is trying to establish a contrast on a comparison, I believe a better structure would be - ...fatty foods is about the same in France as in the US

Left with B.
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Joined: 03 Oct 2016
Posts: 133
Re: Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate [#permalink]

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18 May 2018, 08:13
Quote:
Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate comparable to the United States, their death rates from heart disease are far lower in France.

(A) people in France consume fatty foods at a rate comparable to the United States, their - Incorrect.

(B) people in France and the United States consume fatty foods at about the same rate, the - Correct.

(C) fatty foods are consumed by people in France at a comparable rate to the United States’s, their - Incorrect.

(D) the rate of fatty foods consumed in France and the United States is about the same, the - Incorrect.

(E) the rate of people consuming fatty foods is about the same in France and the United States, the - Incorrect.

Re: Although people in France consume fatty foods at a rate   [#permalink] 18 May 2018, 08:13

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