GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 13 Nov 2019, 08:03

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1232
Location: New York
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 10 Jan 2019, 05:39
3
1
20
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  5% (low)

Question Stats:

93% (00:50) correct 7% (01:06) wrong based on 1293 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries


(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain

(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical

(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic

(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical

(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical


The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 39
Page: 678

https://www.nytimes.com/1985/07/27/us/drop-in-drug-cost-may-allow-all-out-attack-on-a-parasite.html

The cost of a single dose of praziquantel has been reduced to $1.40 for adults and 74 cents for children, who make up 60 to 70 percent of the victims of the disease. Only four years ago a single adult dose cost about $4.20. The single dose appears to offer two to three years' defense against reinfection by the disease, which attacks such organs as the intestines and liver. Although the disease is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many underdeveloped countries.

Originally posted by x2suresh on 16 Nov 2007, 00:14.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Jan 2019, 05:39, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2913
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Mar 2013, 10:45
7
5
Hi all,

Schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a parasitic worm, is prevalent in hot, humid climates, and it has become more widespread as irrigation projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle.

Meaning:
• Schistosomiasis is a disease that is caused by a parasitic worm.
• It is prevalent in places with hot and humid climate.
• The disease has become more widespread with the increase in irrigation projects.
• These projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that play the host of the parasite for a part of its life cycle.

Error Analysis:
• Subject “that” that stands for “the freshwater snails” agrees in number and makes sense with the verb “are”. No SV pair error.
• This sentence is providing general facts about the disease and its cause. Hence simple present tense “are“ is correct.
• “that” clause correctly modifies “the freshwater snails” giving information that these snails become host to the parasite for some part in its life.
• There are no pronoun, no parallelism, no idiom and no meaning error errors.

Answer Choice Analysis:
A. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle: Correct as is.

B. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts in part of their life cycle: Incorrect. Reference of pronoun “their” distorts the intended meaning of the sentence. Plural “their” now refers to “the freshwater snails” meaning that they are host to the parasite in part of snails’ life cycle and not in part of the parasite’s life cycle. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

C. freshwater snails which become the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycles: Incorrect. Plural “life cycles” is incorrect because a singular “parasite” can have only one life cycle and not multiple life cycles.

D. freshwater snails which become the hosts of the parasite during the parasite's life cycle: Incorrect. Repetition of “parasite’s” instead of a pronoun makes this choice wordier.

E. parasite's hosts, freshwater snails which become their hostsduring their life cycles: Incorrect. Same pronoun reference error as in B.

Take-Away
1. The pronoun must agree in number with its antecedent.
2. Be vary of the choices that distort he intended meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
General Discussion
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5180
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2012, 12:54
2
2
Economic means relating to the economy; economical means inexpensive’ If something is an inexpensive drain, why will the disease be a drain on the economy? So economical is incongruous in this context.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 06 Oct 2012
Posts: 13
Concentration: Strategy, Other
GMAT Date: 06-24-2013
Reviews Badge
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Apr 2014, 08:40
2
39. Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.

Analysis of the original sentence -

Meaning - S is not fat but S is so debilitating that it has hurt developing countries

• Although (DC marker) schistosomiasis (subject) is (verb) not often (adverb) fatal (adjective) ---- (DC)
• It (subject – pronoun refers back to subject of DC) is (verb) so debilitating (adjective??) ----IC
• that it (subject – pronoun) has become (verb) an economic drain on many developing countries.---- DC

POE -

A) No error
b) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
such x that y - that is missing
C> though it sound very awkward but cant pin point the exact error. Is SO X AS TO BECOME Y correct. If so what could be X and Y. If X has to be an adjective then there is no IC in option C.
D> such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical - Meaning issue...when one says its debilitation - does that mean S is in a debilitated state
E> there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical - Change in meaning. Option doesn't clearly states that S causes debilitation
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1347
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2017, 00:44
2
1
x2suresh wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 39
Page: 697

Although, shistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many devloping countries

(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain
(B) it is of such debilition, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitaiton that it has become an economical.

Attachments

Untitled.png
Untitled.png [ 23.98 KiB | Viewed 13139 times ]

sc39.gif
sc39.gif [ 80.75 KiB | Viewed 13151 times ]


_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 447
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Sep 2013, 02:56
1
Understand here are two splits-

Idioms-

S0 (adjective) that (clause) -Correct idiom

So (Adjective) as to (Verb) Wrong Idiom

C Goes X
B and D have such, it should be accompanies by that (Such...That....)

Split 2: Economic and Economical
Economical is certainly wrong, B D and E again goes...

A is the correct answer.
_________________
Like my post Send me a Kudos :) It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 118
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Nov 2013, 00:49
1
gautrang wrote:
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so
debilitating that it has become an economic
drain on
many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an
economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an
economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an
economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become
an economical



Spoiler:



Why C is wrong?


c is wrong because c is not idiomatic. we do not have inverted pattern like this. end of story.
e is wrong because "it" in this pattern of e has no clear reference. moreover, "economical" mean saving and is wrong.
b and D have no "that" and become wrong structrurally.
_________________
If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2913
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Apr 2014, 09:17
1
Mission2012 wrote:
39. Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.

Analysis of the original sentence -

Meaning - S is not fat but S is so debilitating that it has hurt developing countries

• Although (DC marker) schistosomiasis (subject) is (verb) not often (adverb) fatal (adjective) ---- (DC)
• It (subject – pronoun refers back to subject of DC) is (verb) so debilitating (adjective??) ----IC
• that it (subject – pronoun) has become (verb) an economic drain on many developing countries.---- DC

POE -

A) No error
b) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
such x that y - that is missing
C> though it sound very awkward but cant pin point the exact error. Is SO X AS TO BECOME Y correct. If so what could be X and Y. If X has to be an adjective then there is no IC in option C.
D> such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical - Meaning issue...when one says its debilitation - does that mean S is in a debilitated state
E> there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical - Change in meaning. Option doesn't clearly states that S causes debilitation


Dear Student,

Thank you for your post. :)

In your meaning analysis, you have correctly identified the clauses and different subject-verb pairs in the sentence. Also, you have rightly categorized “debilitating” as an adjective here.

As regards the analysis given by you in the POE section, please find below my comments on the same:

1. Choice A: It is definitely the correct choice.
2. Choice B: You have correctly recognized the shift in meaning that the word “economical” creates in choice B. The word economic means pertaining to the economy. However, the word economical means not wasteful. Clearly, we need the word “economic” here. Also, you are right- “that” is required before the dependent clause.
3. Choice C: So X as to Y is not the correct idiom. This may be the reason that choice C sounds incorrect to you :).
4. Choice D: You are on to something very important here. Because of the way the word “debilitation” has been used here, it seems to refer to the state the disease itself is in rather than the effect it has on something else. Clearly, this distorts the intended meaning of the author. Choice D is in fact incorrect for almost the same reasons as choice B.
5. Choice E: Absolutely spot on!

Hope this helps! :)

Thanks,

Neeti.
_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Apr 2012
Posts: 87
Location: United States
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Operations
Schools: ISB '15
GMAT 1: 590 Q48 V23
GPA: 3.9
WE: Operations (Manufacturing)
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Nov 2013, 11:31
egmat wrote:
Hi all,

Schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a parasitic worm, is prevalent in hot, humid climates, and it has become more widespread as irrigation projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle.

Meaning:
• Schistosomiasis is a disease that is caused by a parasitic worm.
• It is prevalent in places with hot and humid climate.
• The disease has become more widespread with the increase in irrigation projects.
• These projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that play the host of the parasite for a part of its life cycle.

Error Analysis:
• Subject “that” that stands for “the freshwater snails” agrees in number and makes sense with the verb “are”. No SV pair error.
• This sentence is providing general facts about the disease and its cause. Hence simple present tense “are“ is correct.
• “that” clause correctly modifies “the freshwater snails” giving information that these snails become host to the parasite for some part in its life.
• There are no pronoun, no parallelism, no idiom and no meaning error errors.

Answer Choice Analysis:
A. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle: Correct as is.

B. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts in part of their life cycle: Incorrect. Reference of pronoun “their” distorts the intended meaning of the sentence. Plural “their” now refers to “the freshwater snails” meaning that they are host to the parasite in part of snails’ life cycle and not in part of the parasite’s life cycle. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

C. freshwater snails which become the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycles: Incorrect. Plural “life cycles” is incorrect because a singular “parasite” can have only one life cycle and not multiple life cycles.

D. freshwater snails which become the hosts of the parasite during the parasite's life cycle: Incorrect. Repetition of “parasite’s” instead of a pronoun makes this choice wordier.

E. parasite's hosts, freshwater snails which become their hostsduring their life cycles: Incorrect. Same pronoun reference error as in B.

Take-Away
1. The pronoun must agree in number with its antecedent.
2. Be vary of the choices that distort he intended meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Shraddha,

haven't we learnt that a pronoun cannot refer to a possessive noun. Unless its here is referring to worm.?

Also Its mentioned by one of the members(supposedly expert) that

" MGMAT( in a reversal form its earlier rigid stand perhaps) says that the issue of possessive poison is not worth worrying about, since there has been hardly any case that has been rejected on the score of the possessive pronoun’s antecedence in the realm of GMAT.

The take away of possessive pronoun custom is;

1. A possessive pronoun can stand for a possessive noun
2. A possessive pronoun can stand for a non- possessive noun
3. A non possessive pronoun can stand for a non- possessive noun.
4. The only case where it can‘t be accepted is when a
Non- possessive is used to stand for a possessive noun "

Please comment as I have a concept that a pronoun cannot refer to a noun in possessive form.
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2913
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Nov 2013, 02:51
ygdrasil24 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Hi all,

Schistosomiasis, a disease caused by a parasitic worm, is prevalent in hot, humid climates, and it has become more widespread as irrigation projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle.

Meaning:
• Schistosomiasis is a disease that is caused by a parasitic worm.
• It is prevalent in places with hot and humid climate.
• The disease has become more widespread with the increase in irrigation projects.
• These projects have enlarged the habitat of the freshwater snails that play the host of the parasite for a part of its life cycle.

Error Analysis:
• Subject “that” that stands for “the freshwater snails” agrees in number and makes sense with the verb “are”. No SV pair error.
• This sentence is providing general facts about the disease and its cause. Hence simple present tense “are“ is correct.
• “that” clause correctly modifies “the freshwater snails” giving information that these snails become host to the parasite for some part in its life.
• There are no pronoun, no parallelism, no idiom and no meaning error errors.

Answer Choice Analysis:
A. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycle: Correct as is.

B. the freshwater snails that are the parasite's hosts in part of their life cycle: Incorrect. Reference of pronoun “their” distorts the intended meaning of the sentence. Plural “their” now refers to “the freshwater snails” meaning that they are host to the parasite in part of snails’ life cycle and not in part of the parasite’s life cycle. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

C. freshwater snails which become the parasite's hosts for part of its life cycles: Incorrect. Plural “life cycles” is incorrect because a singular “parasite” can have only one life cycle and not multiple life cycles.

D. freshwater snails which become the hosts of the parasite during the parasite's life cycle: Incorrect. Repetition of “parasite’s” instead of a pronoun makes this choice wordier.

E. parasite's hosts, freshwater snails which become their hostsduring their life cycles: Incorrect. Same pronoun reference error as in B.

Take-Away
1. The pronoun must agree in number with its antecedent.
2. Be vary of the choices that distort he intended meaning of the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Shraddha,

haven't we learnt that a pronoun cannot refer to a possessive noun. Unless its here is referring to worm.?

Also Its mentioned by one of the members(supposedly expert) that

" MGMAT( in a reversal form its earlier rigid stand perhaps) says that the issue of possessive poison is not worth worrying about, since there has been hardly any case that has been rejected on the score of the possessive pronoun’s antecedence in the realm of GMAT.

The take away of possessive pronoun custom is;

1. A possessive pronoun can stand for a possessive noun
2. A possessive pronoun can stand for a non- possessive noun
3. A non possessive pronoun can stand for a non- possessive noun.
4. The only case where it can‘t be accepted is when a
Non- possessive is used to stand for a possessive noun "

Please comment as I have a concept that a pronoun cannot refer to a noun in possessive form.



Dear ygdrasil24,

Your understanding is correct.

However, note that "its" is the possessive form of the pronoun "it".

Usually for nouns, we add an apostrophe and an "s" to indicate possessive form. ("lion's", "builder's" etc.)

However, it's on the other hand is the short form for "it is". The possessive form of "it" is "its"

As you know, the possessive form of a pronoun can refer to the possessive form of a noun.

In the above mentioned sentence "its" (possessive pronoun) is referring to "parasite's" (possessive noun).

Hope this helps :)

Regards,
Krishna
_________________
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2013
Posts: 142
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jan 2014, 09:17
gautrang wrote:
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so
debilitating that it has become an economic
drain on
many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an
economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an
economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an
economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become
an economical

Spoiler:



Why C is wrong?


We want to comment on schistosomiasis, therefor we need to introduce our answer with "it is" because "it is" refers to that strange word. C/D/E, gone. B omits "that" and it uses "economical" incorrectly - By the way, so do D and E - so that leaves us with A, which correctly uses it, that and economic.
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Everyone is a leader. Just stop listening to others.
Joined: 22 Mar 2013
Posts: 705
Location: India
GPA: 3.51
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Feb 2014, 03:05
C. so debilitating is it as to become an economic

C is an inverted sentence:

so debilitating (not a subject) is (verb) it (subject found) as to become an economic blah blah blah...

Re arrange : it is so debilitating as to become an economic ...
Correct Idiom is : so (adjective) that (clause)

Thus Option A is right.
_________________
Piyush K
-----------------------
Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is to try just one more time. ― Thomas A. Edison
Don't forget to press--> Kudos :)
My Articles: 1. WOULD: when to use? | 2. All GMATPrep RCs (New)
Tip: Before exam a week earlier don't forget to exhaust all gmatprep problems specially for "sentence correction".
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 23 Dec 2013
Posts: 138
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 710 Q45 V41
GMAT 2: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.76
Reviews Badge
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2017, 09:10
x2suresh wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 39
Page: 678

Although, shistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many devloping countries

(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain
(B) it is of such debilition, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitaiton that it has become an economical.


A Correct.
B "Such" + adj + "that" construction is required here.
C "Such" + adj + "that" construction is required here.
D "Such" + adj + "that" construction is required here.
E "Such" + adj + "that" construction is required here.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 29 Jul 2017
Posts: 3
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GPA: 4
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Oct 2017, 19:59
Although, shistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many devloping countries

(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain
(B) it is of such debilition, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitaiton that it has become an economical.(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain

Check for the non underlined part of the sentence (Which is always correct!, Here it is Developing) , ing verb form - Developing, look for the options which have ing+verb (Here it is - debilitating /debilition) in underlined options (a, b, c, d, e) , It must match (ing+verb == ing+verb) , So clearly options (B, D and E) are OUT.
Out of options A and C, look at option C - Wordier sentence and not parallel.
So, Options A is the correct answer.
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2428
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2018, 09:17
Although, shistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries

(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain - Correct
(B) it is of such debilition, it has become an economical - Noun “debilitation” is not similar to adjective “debilitating” in meaning. While the noun means “weakness”, the adjective means “weakening”. Similarly, noun “economical” is not the same as adjective “economic”. The noun means easy on pocket or lesser in price while the adjective means pertaining to economy.
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic - idiom issue - “so X as to Y” is incorrect
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical - This choice repeats the “debilitation” and economical” expression errors of Choice B
(E) there is so much debilitaiton that it has become an economical. - same as B

Answer A
_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
EMPOWERgmat Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 23 Feb 2015
Posts: 622
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2018, 16:37
Hi x2suresh,

Thank you for your question. Here is how I tackled this question, starting with a quick glance over each answer to find obvious differences.

The first thing I noticed is a common vocabulary issue that shows up in GMAT questions: economic vs. economical. They mean two different things, so let's decide which one we should use:

Economic = dealing with the economy
Economical = being thrifty; spending less money

Based on their definitions and the original meaning, we should only keep answers that use "economic" because the sentence is talking about the economy, not thriftiness. Therefore, we can rule out answers B, D, & E.

Now we're left with answers A & C. Let's look at what's different about each:

(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain
This is the CORRECT answer because it uses the word "economic" correctly, and it uses parallel structure.

(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
This one is INCORRECT because this is not the proper idiomatic structure to show cause & effect, and it also sounds incredibly awkward.
_________________
"Students study. GMAT assassins train."
Image


The Course Used By GMAT Club Moderators To Earn 750+

souvik101990 Score: 760 Q50 V42 ★★★★★
ENGRTOMBA2018 Score: 750 Q49 V44 ★★★★★
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 29 Dec 2017
Posts: 374
Location: United States
Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 630 Q44 V33
GMAT 2: 690 Q47 V37
GMAT 3: 710 Q50 V37
GPA: 3.25
WE: Marketing (Telecommunications)
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Aug 2018, 11:45
So ...as to is a correct idiom on GMAT! Yet the option C just changes meaning because it has no "drain".
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 02 Jan 2019
Posts: 23
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Jan 2019, 04:00
egmat wrote:
Mission2012 wrote:
39. Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.
(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries.

Analysis of the original sentence -

Meaning - S is not fat but S is so debilitating that it has hurt developing countries

• Although (DC marker) schistosomiasis (subject) is (verb) not often (adverb) fatal (adjective) ---- (DC)
• It (subject – pronoun refers back to subject of DC) is (verb) so debilitating (adjective??) ----IC
• that it (subject – pronoun) has become (verb) an economic drain on many developing countries.---- DC

POE -

A) No error
b) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
such x that y - that is missing
C> though it sound very awkward but cant pin point the exact error. Is SO X AS TO BECOME Y correct. If so what could be X and Y. If X has to be an adjective then there is no IC in option C.
D> such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical - Meaning issue...when one says its debilitation - does that mean S is in a debilitated state
E> there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical - Change in meaning. Option doesn't clearly states that S causes debilitation


Dear Student,

Thank you for your post. :)

In your meaning analysis, you have correctly identified the clauses and different subject-verb pairs in the sentence. Also, you have rightly categorized “debilitating” as an adjective here.

As regards the analysis given by you in the POE section, please find below my comments on the same:

1. Choice A: It is definitely the correct choice.
2. Choice B: You have correctly recognized the shift in meaning that the word “economical” creates in choice B. The word economic means pertaining to the economy. However, the word economical means not wasteful. Clearly, we need the word “economic” here. Also, you are right- “that” is required before the dependent clause.
3. Choice C: So X as to Y is not the correct idiom. This may be the reason that choice C sounds incorrect to you :).
4. Choice D: You are on to something very important here. Because of the way the word “debilitation” has been used here, it seems to refer to the state the disease itself is in rather than the effect it has on something else. Clearly, this distorts the intended meaning of the author. Choice D is in fact incorrect for almost the same reasons as choice B.
5. Choice E: Absolutely spot on!

Hope this helps! :)

Thanks,

Neeti.


Hello,
If i am not wrong we do us the phrase "so X as to Y" in some cases. correct me if i am wrong

Example:
1)Often major economic shifts are so gradual as to be indistinguishable at first from ordinary fluctuations in the financial markets.

2)The category 1 to 5 rating known as the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale provides an estimate of a hurricane’s potential of destroying or damaging property, and is primarily determined from wind speed; a category 5 storm has wind speeds so high as to blow away small buildings, completely destroy mobile homes, and cause severe window and door damage.
_________________
_________________
Regards
K Shrikanth

____________
Please appreciate the efforts by pressing +1 KUDOS (:
Intern
Intern
avatar
S
Joined: 11 Sep 2017
Posts: 36
Re: Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Apr 2019, 22:33
mbaapp1234 wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 39
Page: 678

Although, shistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many devloping countries

(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain
(B) it is of such debilition, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitaiton that it has become an economical.


A Correct.
B "Such" + adj + "that" construction is required here.
C "Such" + adj + "that" construction is required here.
D "Such" + adj + "that" construction is required here.
E "Such" + adj + "that" construction is required here.


mbaapp1234

i think

such + a noun + that + clause
so +adj + that + clause
so +adj + a noun + that + clause

i never heard of such +adj + that + clause if so please enlighten me. thanks .
_________________
consider giving kudos if my post or question has made you think or analyse. thanks
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5180
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Apr 2019, 23:22
Top Contributor
Quote:
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal, it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain on many developing countries

(A) it is so debilitating that it has become an economic drain
(B) it is of such debilitation, it has become an economical
(C) so debilitating is it as to become an economic
(D) such is its debilitation, it becomes an economical
(E) there is so much debilitation that it has become an economical.


The Algorithm to solve this question must take us spontaneously to the use of correct idiomatic pattern ' so adjective that'. Only A has that structure and the bold and the brave can take it as the inevitable correct choice since in no other choice so we have a legitimate idiom. Alternately, hesitators can resort to the next formula that has two steps.

1. Remove all the choices that flaunt the contextually absurd word' 'economical" bare without the modifyee noun. One can boot out B, D, and E instantly. 2. C misses the idiomatic format of the 'so+ adjective+ as to' idiom. The displayed format is wrong in saying "so adjective + verb+ pronoun+ as to". Additionally, C depicts an altered intent by dropping a critical element such as 'drain'
Now only A is left and portrays the correct idiom "such +adjective + that".
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
GMAT Club Bot
Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2019, 23:22

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 22 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Although schistosomiasis is not often fatal it is so debilitating that

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne