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Although she had been known as an effective legislator first

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2011, 03:59
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Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives
, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

Not convinced by the oa. I think something is missing. Can some correct me if i have the right sc here. Apologies if i dont.


Hi Ajit,
The part of the sentence highlighted in red here acts as a modifier which is supposed to modify a noun. In GMAT it is always preferred to have a modifier and noun close together. Hence Barbara jordan is supposed to immediately follow the clause 'Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives'. With this our choices will narrow down to B and E. E is wrong due to subject verb disagreement.
Hearings-Plural
Was-Singular
B correctly uses 'were' instead of 'was'.

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2012, 06:28
girisshhh84 wrote:
i got confused between B and C here but after looking at the oa was able to chuck out C . Find inline the reason.

ajit257 wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a

nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was --this is a run-on, consider in parts-> she had been known as effective legislator ...not untill barbara jordan's ..
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were-- hearing were televised nationwise--> correct
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was--it seems as if the participation was televised whereas the sentences intends to suggest tat the hearings were televised
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being--First in and later in have to be parallel , so this option is out.
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was--First in and later in have to be parallel , so this option is out.

Not convinced by the oa. I think something is missing. Can some correct me if i have the right sc here. Apologies if i dont.



I hope that helps !

sounds logical.. however, I'm still not quite convinced that whether the use of "which were" here is the best way to go.. the which from "which were" could be as well be refering to two events that appeared in the beginning of the sentence. could any one else please clarify ?

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Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2012, 21:40
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Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was



[Reveal] Spoiler:
not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2012, 22:08
myname85 wrote:
Hi, this is Jake Suh who is new to the club.


Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was



not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?


A relative clause modifies the noun before it.
Coming to your question on B.
For the sentence in Ans B :
"when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were"

Here closest noun to "which" is "hearings" and hence 'hearings' is modified by which.

You can actually read the sentence simply as -"she participated in the hearings, which were televised......."
because "on the impeachment" and "of President Richard Nixon" are prepositional phrases modifying hearings only and none of these can be taken as noun being modified by which.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2012, 22:29
Vips0000 wrote:
myname85 wrote:
Hi, this is Jake Suh who is new to the club.


Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was



not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?


A relative clause modifies the noun before it.
Coming to your question on B.
For the sentence in Ans B :
"when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were"

Here closest noun to "which" is "hearings" and hence 'hearings' is modified by which.

You can actually read the sentence simply as -"she participated in the hearings, which were televised......."
because "on the impeachment" and "of President Richard Nixon" are prepositional phrases modifying hearings only and none of these can be taken as noun being modified by which.

Hope it helps.


thank you for the reply, it helped :)

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2013, 05:41
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I think the underlined statement is till 'as it was'.

Now the options. D and E can be ruled out as there is a parallelism problem. 'First...and later...' is the correct form.

Between A, B and C. I think B is correct.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was. Incorrect. Problem with parallelism.

B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were. Correct. “–hearings-which were”

C. later in the United States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was. Incorrect. “–hearings-which was”

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2014, 11:30
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1) Modification: The opening phrase clearly describes a person, so the person should be placed right after that first comma. Eliminate A, C and D.

2) Verbs: In answers B and E, the last word is either "were" or "was", so we need to know the noun that "controls" this verb. Working back into the sentence, you'll find the noun "hearings"….so we need the verb "were." Eliminate E.

Final Answer:B

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2014, 20:53
myname85 wrote:
Vips0000 wrote:
myname85 wrote:
Hi, this is Jake Suh who is new to the club.


Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was



not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?


A relative clause modifies the noun before it.
Coming to your question on B.
For the sentence in Ans B :
"when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were"

Here closest noun to "which" is "hearings" and hence 'hearings' is modified by which.

You can actually read the sentence simply as -"she participated in the hearings, which were televised......."
because "on the impeachment" and "of President Richard Nixon" are prepositional phrases modifying hearings only and none of these can be taken as noun being modified by which.

Hope it helps.


thank you for the reply, it helped :)


Also, The noun being modified by Which should agree in numbers. Which Were - Plural & Hearings - Plural.

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2016, 19:45
myname85 wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was



not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?



A - no antecedent for the pronoun "she".
B - looks good. which refers to the gigantic noun phrase "hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon
C - after the "although clause", we need to put the subject, Barbara Jordan, but we have a pronoun IT instead. nope. verb was - does not agree in number with "hearings".
D - also - redundant with "and" same construction error as in C. ing modifier - not needed.
E - same redundancy error as in D. verb "was" does not agree in number with the subject "hearings".

B is thus the best.

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2016, 21:43
Look at the verb after ‘which’; it is plural and hence what it represents should be a plural word. There are only two plural words namely Representatives and hearings in the entire passage. Obviously, 'which' cannot refer to representatives (human beings). Therefore, it should be only the hearings. The relative pronoun and noun relationship is quite clear. The hearings were indeed televised.
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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2016, 19:29
My Approach to solve this is as follows:

1. We have an opening modifier which modifies Barbara Jordan as an individual. Hence A,C and D can be eliminated
2. Among B and E, E has a wrong usage of "then also later" in the opening and hence we are left with B
3. Read the sentence with option B and it maintains parallelism and modifier rules, hence correct

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2016, 00:35
A> Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate
and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s < Modifier misplaced
B> CORRECT...! < correct modifier >... < hearings....were... >
C> later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was < Modifier misplaced >
D> BEING!!!
E> ... hearings <---> was < shd be were >



ajit257 wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was

Not convinced by the oa. I think something is missing. Can some correct me if i have the right sc here. Apologies if i dont.

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2016, 20:49
mvictor wrote:
myname85 wrote:
Although she had been known as an effective legislator first in the Texas Senate and later
in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a
nationally recognized figure, as it was televised nationwide.

A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s
participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in
1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not
become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were
C. later in the Untied States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that
Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in
the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did
Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, being
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did
not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the
hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was



not quite sure what "which were" from answer B is refering to. I feel like it could as well be refering to the two events mentioned in the beginning of the sentence, therefore the clarity is the issue here. Could someone else please clarify ?



A - no antecedent for the pronoun "she".
B - looks good. which refers to the gigantic noun phrase "hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon
C - after the "although clause", we need to put the subject, Barbara Jordan, but we have a pronoun IT instead. nope. verb was - does not agree in number with "hearings".
D - also - redundant with "and" same construction error as in C. ing modifier - not needed.
E - same redundancy error as in D. verb "was" does not agree in number with the subject "hearings".

B is thus the best.


Although a very convoluted sentence, it is quite a subject verb agreement case which helped me eliminate the options,

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2017, 05:51
A. later in the United States House of Representatives, not until Barbara Jordan’s participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon in 1974 was she made a nationally recognized figure, as it was (Incorrect- Misplaced Modifier Error; Subject Verb Agreement error- Hearings….was)
B. later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which were (Correct answer- Barbara Jordan placed next to the Modifying phrase, usage of plural verb, were)
C. later in the United States House of Representatives, it was not until 1974 that Barbara Jordan became a nationally recognized figure, with her participation in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was ( Incorrect- Misplaced Modifier, SV agreement error)
D. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, not until 1974 did Barbara Jordan become a nationally recognized figure, as she participated in the hearings on President Richard Nixon, being (Incorrect- does not correct the Modifier error in A. Brings in a new error- Being; then also later: awkward struture )
E. then also later in the United States House of Representatives, Barbara Jordan did not become a nationally recognized figure until 1974, when she participated in the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon, which was (Incorrect - “then also later”- awkward structure; “ hearings …..was- Subject Verb agreement errror)

Solution and Answer:
The modifying phrase, “Although……. Representatives should be followed by the noun, Barbara.
However, it appears to modify Barbara Jordan’s participation in option A.
Hence, options A can be ruled out . Options C and D too can be ruled out.
We are left with options B and E.
Option E can be knocked off because the relative pronoun, “Which” refers to the hearings on the impeachment of President Richard Nixon….as hearings is plural, the Verb should also be Plural. The usage of the singular verb ‘was’ is incorrect here.
Therefore, the correct answer is B.

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first [#permalink]

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Re: Although she had been known as an effective legislator first   [#permalink] 19 Dec 2017, 13:24

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