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# Although some officials noted that using machines for

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Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
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Location: Germany
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2016, 12:30
1
goforgmat wrote:
chetan2u
sayantanc2k

In the above question , Choice E
"farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year"
Although choice E is wrong for other reasons, my particular doubt is in costs were cut to half that of the previous year
can "that" be used to refer to a noun plural?will it be considered right?

I too had this query for a long time. Finally I discovered numerous instances in OG13 itself where "that" has been used to refer to plural antecedent. Therefore, we can safely say that in GMAT, "that" can refer to plural antecedent.
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2016, 11:41
95. Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.

(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half -- how can an action of present affect the cost of the past ? Logicaly incorrect.
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year- No Mistake here , meaning is crisp , grammar is perfect.
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’sas cost were? cost is singular
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs what does it refer to?
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year-- costs is plural so it needs a plural referant those
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2016, 11:17
My 2 cents and experts could correct me if I am wrong -

Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.

(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half - while shows a simultaneous actions and what follows next doesn't match with while - Also, the meaning is absurd - present year's cost is half of previous years.
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year - seems to maintain correct form when used with while
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s - cost is singular
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs - farming mechanization seems to be incorrect - I didn't check what followed after that
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year - same as D
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for [#permalink]

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19 May 2017, 21:13
Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.

(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half
--> active voice is preferred to passive voice.

(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year

(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous year’s

(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs
--> "it" is ambiguous.

(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for [#permalink]

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20 May 2017, 01:46
Top Contributor
I am afraid that this topic is suspect in terms of logic.
1. The first part says that mechanized farming costs more than traditional farming. In the next breath, it says costs have reduced to half by mechanization.
This year, If mechanization cost me 150 fifty rupees, some 50 rupees more than the 100 rupees that I spend for traditional method, the cost goes up but not cut by half.
Let us not confuse the cost of cultivation with yield. Corn yield doubled means, the grain yield went up from, say, some 100 kegs to 200 kgs. However, It does not automatically mean that the costs were cut to half.
Nor can we say that the eventual effective cost this year is half of the original cost, due to the doubled yield. This will happen only when the absolute cost remains the same as that of the traditional method. But, mechanization has increased the absolute cost, the topic says in the first part.
This topic does not seem to convey ant sensible meaning because all the choices say that the costs were cut to half.
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for [#permalink]

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21 May 2017, 11:13
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Although some officials noted that using machines for   [#permalink] 21 May 2017, 11:13

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