Although some officials noted that using machines for : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Although some officials noted that using machines for

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Although some officials noted that using machines for [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2004, 03:51
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Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous yearâ€™s costs were cut in half.

(A)
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year.
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as costs were cut to half of the previous yearâ€™s.
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous yearâ€™s costs.
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year
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02 Aug 2004, 05:16
becoolja wrote:
Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous yearâ€™s costs were cut in half.

(A)
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year.
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as costs were cut to half of the previous yearâ€™s.
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous yearâ€™s costs.
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

I will go for "B" on this !
the clause "the mechanization of farming doubled the corn yield while cutting costs ", seems okay.
and moreover, "those" clearly refers to "costs", mentioned previously in the clause.

whats the OA ?

Dharmin
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02 Aug 2004, 06:52
My take on this questions is as follows..

'Mechanization of farming' is the right construction compared to 'farming mechanization'. Hence D and E are out.

C is wrong because of 'as costs were cut'. Mechanization helped both higher yield and reduction in costs. C sounds as though higher yield was more due to reduced costs...and is not ok.

Between A and B - in dilemma as always. B has active voice ('cutting costs to half those of the previous year') and A is passive ('while the previous yearâ€™s costs were cut in half').

So B is my choice. Whats the OA
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02 Aug 2004, 07:33
I narrowed choices down to C and D
A, B and E uses wrongly uses "while" as conjunction.
costs being halved should be an example supporting the claim of farming mechanization. "as" conveys exactly that. I eliminated D because cutting in half a certain cost is not as good as X was cut to half of last year's [X].
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02 Aug 2004, 19:25
I prefer E.

We have two situations here, one the yield is doubled. second the cost is reduced to half that of the previous year. Incase we pick either C or D we seem to merge these two separate pieces of information... As if, the reduction in cost by half has made the yeild grow twice. But let assume a case the cost was reduced 60% then we wouldnt have a choice but to see these two information as separate. Anyway...

I cornered down to B and E. I didnt prefer B because the formation 'cutting cost' didnt seem better compared to 'the costs were reduced..'

My choice seems to be E.
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02 Aug 2004, 21:52
Paul, C seems to indicate that yield doubled as costs were cut.
does this make sense?

i thought E was better.
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06 Aug 2004, 22:00
QA : "B"

The key point is the use of " the previous year's".

Sorry for my late reply becase I just return from my trip to the south of Thailand Anyone wanna join next time
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07 Aug 2004, 03:44
becoolja wrote:
Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous year’s costs were cut in half.

(A)
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year.
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as costs were cut to half of the previous year’s.
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous year’s costs.
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

yes,

here ... two concurrent actions are taking place at the same time. "as" used when it is explaining some reason for previous action. so "while" is perfect here.

so B and E left.

but after "while" .. the verb should be in continuing action to signify the two actions ocuuring simultaneously.

so B is correct here.
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09 Oct 2006, 18:16
I am not sure whether I follow the above explanation.

Doubled (past) while cutting (continuing action).....
I thought while connects same tense.... I am confused. Help!
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09 Oct 2006, 18:53
died4me wrote:
I am not sure whether I follow the above explanation.

Doubled (past) while cutting (continuing action).....
I thought while connects same tense.... I am confused. Help!

First of all, I thank you for digging out these excellent questions.

If I am not wrong, yield = returns/cost

when cost becomes half, yield automatically doubles. So here cost becoming half is leading to doubling of yield. So they are not two separate actions. They happended simultaneously. B seems to express this clearly. C says actions happened separately. No?
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09 Oct 2006, 19:27
ak_idc wrote:
died4me wrote:
I am not sure whether I follow the above explanation.

Doubled (past) while cutting (continuing action).....
I thought while connects same tense.... I am confused. Help!

First of all, I thank you for digging out these excellent questions.

If I am not wrong, yield = returns/cost

when cost becomes half, yield automatically doubles. So here cost becoming half is leading to doubling of yield. So they are not two separate actions. They happended simultaneously. B seems to express this clearly. C says actions happened separately. No?

After I finished the SC1000, I am trying to find out correct explanations on the problems that I missed. Thanks for your encouragement.

Both C and B mention cutting cost in half. "As" in the choice C does make the sentence sound like the actions happened separately.
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09 Oct 2006, 21:46
we "double a yield" and "cut costs (to a) in half"

This SC is not testing gerund llism.
09 Oct 2006, 21:46
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