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# Although some officials noted that using machines for

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Although some officials noted that using machines for [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2004, 05:45
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Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation, the mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous yearâ€™s costs were cut in half.
(A) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while the previous yearâ€™s costs were cut in half
(B) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while cutting costs to half those of the previous year
(C) mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as cost were cut to half of the previous yearâ€™s
(D) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield as it cut in half the previous yearâ€™s costs
(E) farming mechanization in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half that of the previous year

OA will be followed. Thank you!
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18 Aug 2004, 06:52
I'm going with (E). The sentence should be in the past tense, as officials noted, and also the demonstration of lower cost and higher yield in the village of long bow is already in the past.

So (E) is best. It says doubled the corn yield while costs were cut to half those of the previous year. Both double and cut are in past form.
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18 Aug 2004, 12:41
I'll go B.

'mechanization of farming' seems correct to me.
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18 Aug 2004, 14:50
Although I recall seeing this problem, I do not remember what I previously answered for it. I choose B
A, and E are out to me because it compares the action of "farming mechanization" with that of "cost" through use of conjunction "while"
C uses improper verb tense "were"
D "it" has ambiguous referent and sounds weird. Also, "halved costs" would be prefered to "cut costs in half". You usually cut some tangible objects in half but not an intangible notion such as costs
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18 Aug 2004, 15:21
Yes, OA is B.
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04 Sep 2005, 13:38
Paul wrote:
Although I recall seeing this problem, I do not remember what I previously answered for it. I choose B
A, and E are out to me because it compares the action of "farming mechanization" with that of "cost" through use of conjunction "while"
C uses improper verb tense "were"
D "it" has ambiguous referent and sounds weird. Also, "halved costs" would be prefered to "cut costs in half". You usually cut some tangible objects in half but not an intangible notion such as costs

Can someone clarify why the comparison in AC A, as noted by Paul, is wrong? We arent really "comparing" anything are we? We're just showing a contrast through the use of "while", No?
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04 Sep 2005, 21:50
Guys, why do you think A is wrong or B is better than A? Any structural or grammatical logic? Thanks!
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05 Sep 2005, 05:31
In A, while the first part of the sentense 'mechanization of farming in the village of Long Bow doubled the corn yield' is in active voice, the other half is in passive voice.So,this shift sounds a bit odd. Also, it leaves the subject( who reduced the costs??) of the second phrase ambigious.
If you observe B, both the phrases are in active voice and hence, are clear.

One question from my side. 'cut in half' ....is it correct to use such a phrase?

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13 Sep 2005, 22:13
Im not sure yet here!

Isint "doubled the corn yield and...cut the costs" in parallel? Though has the active-passive discrepancy, it is parallel in structure - doubled - cut.

B maintians the active-passive thing, but "doubled the corn yield while cutting...." sounds weird.

Any logic guys? Thanks!
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14 Sep 2005, 00:02
"while" subordinative conjunction is applicable here over "as". While is used when two (usually long) activities happen parallelly.

This leaves A & B.

In A, the subordnate clause:
while the previous yearâ€™s costs were cut in half.

here its not emphasized who is doing action. Not clear if the costs were cut by mechanization of farming. If it was:
while the previous yearâ€™s costs were cut in half by it.

I would have had tough time.

B.
while cutting costs to half those of the previous year

participle cutting here referring to noun "mechanization of farming"
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14 Sep 2005, 03:11
Nice explanation for the usage of while.

But in A, who could have cut the costs? You think because it could have been either the farmers or the mechanization?

Somehow B wounds too awkward!
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14 Sep 2005, 08:50
I think A is wrong because A says the previous years cost were cut in half...you can't cut costs of a previous year. They have already occured. In B, it is clear that the current year's cost were cut in half. What do you think rahulraao?
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14 Sep 2005, 09:24
Chet, good explaination of A
All said, looks like B
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14 Sep 2005, 23:41
Nice explanation chet719!! So B wins finally afterall eh??
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Re: SC - from 885 - 19 [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2007, 07:56
nice! i really like this question....we have two participial phrases here.

Although some officials noted that using machines for farming in China costs more than traditional hand cultivation,
the mechanization of farming (in the village of Long Bow)
doubled the corn yield
while
cutting costs to half those of the previous year.
Re: SC - from 885 - 19   [#permalink] 09 Aug 2007, 07:56
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