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# Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping

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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2016, 11:20
tryambaks wrote:
Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a
result of competition from a SpendLess discount department store that just opened, those locations will not
stay vacant for long
.
In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new
store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete
with Colson's.

Conclusion here is that the closed stores' position will not be vacant
To weaken , we must find an option that says , Yes ! those places are going to stay vacant. No new stores are going to open there

As I have gone through the CR Bible , they talk about a technique - find the connectors.Connectors are those answer choices that connect important words in the question stem.
For this question, this technique is very helpful
What are the important words we see in the argument that is not properly connected?
Discount store and non discount store. Authors is inferring something about the discount stores by pulling out an example of a non discount store. So these two needs to be connected.

Now if we look at the answer choices they are all seems out of scope. None of them really weakens the conclusion.
But ! the Option (B) talks something about discount stores and mentions colson's. and Colson's by question we know a non discount store.
So yes , here is a connection building.
Now ! lets think a little more. Since the opening of Colson's , all the new stores that opened in place of unfortunate closed stores are discount stores.
Ans question says all the discount stores are in danger because of a new discount store. That means , this new danger is going to wipe out the existing discount stores as well as the newly opened stores. Had such thing happened , there could be a chance that a big number of vacant spots get created, and they may not get filled at all . Hence the conclusion is weakened . Marginally !

Well explained. +1 Kudos to you..
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2016, 14:03
Discount stores are closing because of the competition from Spendless Discount store and the place being vacant will be occupied very fast
The author gives a parallel reason since Colson's -nondiscount store opened , every store that closed due to competition by Colson, there was some other store which occupied that place.

Now Option B says - Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been
discount stores.
the stores that occupied place (left by stores which couldn't compete Colson's) were discount stores.
Now If Discount stores were closing in central shopping district because of Competition from Spendless , why will some other discount store come back. (Ok few! may come) still the conclusion is weakened
i.e the place in central shopping district will not be filling up very soon.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2017, 02:10
Original Qstem and ACs:

Although the discount stores in Goreville’s central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a result of competition from a SpendLess discount department store that just opened, those locations will not stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson’s, a nondiscount department store, a new store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson’s.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Many customers of Colson’s are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the SpendLess store opened.
B. Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson’s opened have been discount stores.
C. At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.
D. Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville’s population will grow at a faster rate than it has for the past several decades.
E. Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either SpendLess or Colson’s.

Quote:
ANALYZE OPTION B:

The logic of the argument is: New Discount store opened ==> Current Discount store will be closed ==> But there will be another Discount stores opened in the locations of closed stores.
The reason to back up: Colson, a NON-discount store opened ==> Current NON-discount stores will be closed ==> But there was a NEW store opened in the location of closed Non-discount stores.

STOP. what kind of "NEW store"?

The argument is WEAK is because it uses PARALLEL reasoning improperly. The reasoning is true if the NEW store has the same nature as the closed NON-discount stored. If the NEW opened store is NOT non-discount stores ==> The reasoning/parallel reasoning is NOT valid.

Option B: Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been discount stores
B says exactly the same ==> B weakens the argument.

Hope it helps.

As per your analysis, there will be "another Discount stores" filling up the spaces of the closed stores.
But the stimulus does not specify what kind of stores will fill up those locations. Am I understanding the passage correctly?
Similarly, nowhere does it say that Non-discount stores closed as a result of competition from Colson. Is it assumed that only those directly competing with Colson will close?

Also, if B were true and new Discount stores opened at the location of closed Non-discount stores, can't it be that new Non-discount stores filled up the spaces of the closed stores? Then the space won't be left vacant for long, and thus it either strengthens or does not affect the argument.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2017, 20:41
boiled down to B and E, but here B is the winner because of the common pattern in GMAT.

Since this is a weaken question, E is out because it offers an alternative plan that has nothing to do with the main argument . The main conclusion is about the competition and stores can go out of business. Hence, B is correct because B uses what stated in the two first sentences to argue that stores will not close because of poor competitive advantage.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2017, 22:10
Conclusion: The locations will not be vacant for long.
Since we have to weaken, we will look for an option that somehoe portrays that the locations will be vacant.

The question says that the stores closed because they could not compete with SpendLess, discount store.
However, in these five years when colson's opened, new stores came up but even that close because they could not compete with Colson. Now that the stores have been closed > locations are vacant. How does it matter whether the stores were discount or non-discount i.e option B?

Can someone please correct the reasoning above? What are you pre-thinking here?

Thanks
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2017, 00:28
Imo B
The argument tries to establish connection between the opening of the a discount store and its effects on the central shopping district and coulson's non discount store and its effects on the central shopping district .
We have to show that this not the case as one case does not guarantee the happening of the another case
B gives us a fact that undermines that reasoning.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 03:18
mikemcgarry, can you please explain this question in detail. Even the argument is NOT clear to me. I tried many times but failed.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 11:31
1
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vnigam21 wrote:
mikemcgarry, can you please explain this question in detail. Even the argument is NOT clear to me. I tried many times but failed.

Dear vnigam21,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, I am sorry to say this, but if this question is confusing to you, I believe you have a great deal of work to do in improving your understanding of English before you are GMAT-ready. I will suggest this blog article:
How to Improve Your GMAT Verbal Score
You have to push yourself to improve in English, for example, reading for an hour each day every single day, over and above any GMAt-specific preparations. It's good, in particular, to read the business news of American & English newspapers and news journals, to be familiar with the themes that arise in business.

Now, I'll discuss this question. Here's the prompt:
Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a result of competition from a SpendLess discount department store that just opened, those locations will not stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson's.

"Goreville" is a fictional town, a creation of the GMAT authors, and apparently this town has a "shopping district."

A "discount store" is a story that sells items at very cheap prices: often the items are not of the highest quality. A "non-discount store" would be one that sold higher quality merchandise at higher prices. It is the sad story of American business that many "non-discount stores" have been driven out of business because American consumers prefer the cheaper prices of "discount stores" and are willing to settle for the lower prices. In particular, "Walmart" is a very large discount store that has ruthlessly killed off thousands of small businesses. In order to understand GMAT CR, it's very helpful to know the general big-picture stories of the economy.

In the Goreville shopping district recently, "SpendLess discount department store" and all the smaller discount stores in the shopping district are closing because they can't compete. As these stores close, this obviously leaves vacancies in the shopping district, empty boarded-up lots where a functioning store had been. All that is factual, part of the evidence.

The author makes the bold prediction: these lots will not remain empty for long. In other words, the authors expects new businesses to move in soon and start up in these locations. This is the author's conclusion.

Why does the author think this? He argues by analogy.
Five years ago, "Colson's, a nondiscount department store" opened. Several stores closed, but new stores quickly moved it. The author suggests the same thing will happen again.

Of course, this is a flawed argument, and we need to find the flaw. We suspect it has something to do with the type of stores.

The answer, of course is (B):
B. Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been discount stores.
This makes the whole picture clear.

Of course, when the big nondiscount store, Colson's, opened, all the smaller nondiscount stores closed because they couldn't compete. In general, it's hard for a small store to compete with a big store in its own category. The stores that started moving in were the discount stores, because these small stores, with their lower prices, could still compete and take enough business away from Colson's. Now, the Walmart-like Spendless moves in: the smaller discount stores cannot compete with a large discount store, so they go under. Probably, if this is following the pattern of American business, Colson's will go under also, and everyone will be stuck with the sub-mediocrity of Spendless. This highlights the flaw in the original argument: small discount stores can have an advantage against a big nondiscount store, but they don't have the same advantage against a big discount store, that's the situation now that Spendless has moved in.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2017, 02:18
So, this is how I went about it.

Background: Discount Stores might close because of competition from "Spendless"
Conc: The discount stores won't stay for long. ( Reason: A new store has opened in place of every store closed because it could not compete against Colson)
Fact: Stores closed in a period of 5 years.
What can we infer from the Conc and the Reasoning and Fact?
1. the stores that closed couldn't hold the competition against colson, which means Colson has a competitive advantage which none of the closed stores had.
2.All shops have been replaced by new stores. ( now we don't know if these new are competitive against Colson or not, but from background info, we can say that there are discount stores among them)
3.The old stores individually closed within this 5 year period.

Now my brain tells me that the conclusion is regarding discount stores and not any other stores. ( look after the comma, the author has used the word "those locations", but it actually refers to discount stores, a deceptive move to disturb your focus)

A- We are not comparing SpendLess and Colson- Irrelevant
B- hold this for now
C- Well, the prompt says that every store has been replaced and even if many stores are operating, I can't assume that they are doing better.- Not good
D- Population, I can't assume if the population is going to contribute to the well being of the new stores- Not good

It comes down to B & E

E- Unique merchandise, I need a reason that this merchandise will be a competitive advantage over colson's, the option does not tell me that people want this unique mechandise.
- Secondly, Read the conclusion again, we don't want to know about these stores and Spendless, our concern is with Colson, this has been put forward as a deception.
- the sliest point, we are not concerned with "many stores", we are concerned only with discount stores!

B- Increasingly, this clearly suggests that majority of the stores that have opened since Colson's opened have been Discount Stores.
The word "Increasingly" shows that there is a positive progression, or possibly a competitive advantage. "have opened and have been" show that it has happened over a certain period (5 years)
- most importantly, the option talks about discount stores( not many stores). DONE!! join the dots!

I hope it's clear now!
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2017, 10:00
In this case, the flaw in the argument is that the author assumes that the pattern will repeat, regardless of store type: big store moves in -> some stores close as a result -> other stores move in to take their place

However, Colson's was a nondiscount store, and Spendless is a discount store. We would have to know what types of stores are closing and opening. If, when Colson's moved in, nondiscount stores closed, but discount stores opened in their place, then when Spendless moves in, the discount stores will close, but there may not be any other type of store that's able to replace them. Basically, we need to know whether stores are being replaced by the same type of stores, or by cheaper ones.

A. Many customers of Colson’s are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the SpendLess store opened.
Our argument concerns the discount stores that closed because of Spendless, not Colson's. Irrelevant.

B. Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson’s opened have been discount stores.
If the stores that came in were discount stores, there might not be anything else that could move in to replace those. This weakens the idea that these locations will not stay vacant for long. Correct.

C. At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.
Current number of stores tells us nothing about whether they will stay vacant in the future.

D. Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville’s population will grow at a faster rate than it has for the past several decades.
This would strengthen the argument, if anything. More people would presumably lead to more stores and fewer vacancies.

E. Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either SpendLess or Colson’s.
We don't care about current stores. We only care about whether new stores will replace the ones that shut down because of Spendless.

The correct answer is B.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2017, 15:59
this question is from OG, an important source.
The pattern here is that the author tries to argue that new stores will fill out the vacancies after old stores are out of business b/c of a discount department store. The main premise is the the second sentence that the same event happens to a nondiscount stores.

B weakens the argument in the sense that new stores will not fill out the vacancies easily b/c new stores are discount stores
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping  [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2018, 05:05
1
pqhai wrote:
veenu08 wrote:
can someone please explain how B can be the answer.Since Colson's has been used just as an e.g to explain the situation that new stores opened up in place of the closed stores so the same will happen in the case of spendless stores, so what a difference it makes whether it was a discount store that opened up at colson's time or not?

Hello veenu08.

This question is definitely good to practice. The way GMAC writes CR questions is superb :) Now let see why B weakens the conclusion.

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact: The discount stores in Goreville's central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a
result of competition from a Spend Less discount department store that just opened,
Conclusion: those locations will not stay vacant for long.

Reason to support conclusion: In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson's.

ANALYZE OPTION B:

The logic of the argument is: New Discount store opened ==> Current Discount store will be closed ==> But there will be another Discount stores opened in the locations of closed stores.
The reason to back up: Colson, a NON-discount store opened ==> Current NON-discount stores will be closed ==> But there was a NEW store opened in the location of closed Non-discount stores.

STOP. what kind of "NEW store"? :?:

The argument is WEAK is because it uses PARALLEL reasoning improperly. The reasoning is true if the NEW store has the same nature as the closed NON-discount stored. If the NEW opened store is NOT non-discount stores ==> The reasoning/parallel reasoning is NOT valid.

Option B: Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been discount stores
B says exactly the same ==> B weakens the argument.

Hope it helps.

Hi pqhai
A very good explanation.
But I have one more question ,
The logic of the argument is: New Discount store opened ==> Current Discount store will be closed ==> But there will be another Discount stores opened in the locations of closed stores.

How did you infer that another Discount stores [/color]opened in the locations of closed stores?
the conclusion is those locations will not stay vacant for long , Does it imply new Discount stores [/color]

Please help.

Thanks a lot
Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville central shopping &nbs [#permalink] 04 Feb 2018, 05:05

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