Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping

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Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2009, 07:47
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Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a
result of competition from a Spend Less discount department store that just opened, those locations will not
stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new
store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete
with Colson's.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Many customers of Colson's are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the Spend Less
store opened.
(8) Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been
discount stores.
(C) At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.
(D) Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville's population will grow at a faster rate
than it has for the past several decades.
(E) Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either
SpendLess or Colson's.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by pqhai on 16 Nov 2013, 02:04, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Although the discount stores [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2009, 10:39
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sagarsabnis wrote:
Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a
result of competition from a Spend Less discount department store that just opened, those locations will not
stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new
store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete
with Colson's.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Many customers of Colson's are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the Spend Less
store opened....NO RELEVANCE
(8) Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been
discount stores.seems most relevant... since it were discount stores that opened after shops closed after colsons opened...and these very stores are the one which are likely to close as a result of Spend Less discount department store so not likely that new shops will open
(C) At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.no relevance
(D) Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville's population will grow at a faster rate
than it has for the past several decades.no effect on argument
(E) Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either
SpendLess or Colson's.would have been ok to argue against closing of existing shops but argument is opening of new shops

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Re: Although the discount stores [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2009, 10:43
I could be wrong but I thinks it's B.

A has nothing to do with the Spend less store of the discount stores around it.
B I think is right because the comparison that the person's drawing is from a non-discount store opening up and driving ppl out of business. If the businesses that replaced the old ones are discount then they have the market and don't directly compete against Colson's. And that means that the argument's weakened because if the big discount store comes in who will replace the space of the small stores it drives out of business? This may be a leap but I think it's the right answer.
C This has nothing to do with the argument or what will happen in the future
D This has nothing to do with anything in life
E This answer actually may be better than B. If the stores in the place where the discount store will go sell goods that neither them nor the big non-discount store sells then they're not as likely to compete with them and therefore may not go out of business. Then they'd have no reason to be replaced. However, I think the leap here is that because they sell something different that they will be in business 5 years from now. Therefore, I think the answer's B. Hopefully I'm write.
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Re: Although the discount stores [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2009, 12:38
yes B it is...
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Re: Although the discount stores [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2009, 12:52
Nice explanation chetan2u...The answer is B
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Re: Although the discount stores [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2011, 08:13
i chose A and i was wrong then. i interpreted the discount/non discount information given is just to complicate the wording. but the information was relevant if B is the OA.
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Re: Although the discount stores [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2011, 11:40
I picked B....if the discount stores in Goreville closed due to competition from Spend Less discount then a new type of non-discount stores will occupy the vacant spaces
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Re: Although the discount stores [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2011, 20:28
+1 for B
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2012, 20:40
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Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a
result of competition from a Spend Less discount department store that just opened, those locations will not
stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new
store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete
with Colson's.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Many customers of Colson's are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the Spend Less
store opened.
(B) Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been
discount stores.
(C) At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.
(D) Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville's population will grow at a faster rate
than it has for the past several decades.
(E) Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either
SpendLess or Colson's.

a tough problem for me.

the conclusion
The vacancy in the shopping district will not stay long, because Spendless will take the empty space.

the premises
The case with Colson's(Non-discount) will happen to that of Spendless(Discount)
Colson competed with the stores around and the stores around closed because of the competition
Spendless will compete with the stores around and these stores will close

In order to weaken the conclusion, we need something to prove that the empty space will stay vacant.

(B) Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been
discount stores.

If the newly opened stores are the discount stores, these stores will compete with Spendless and close down.
The empty spaces will stay vacant.

Please correct my reasoning if wrong.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2012, 06:36
The stimulus states that the closure around the non-discount store were quickly filled up. Therefore the closures around the discount store too will be filled up fast. But what if the new stores which got filled up where still discount stores? We know those around Colson's werent competing with Colson's. So, they were fine. But those around Spend Less will be directly competing with them!!! So, they will get screwed.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2013, 23:47
can someone please explain how B can be the answer.Since Colson's has been used just as an e.g to explain the situation that new stores opened up in place of the closed stores so the same will happen in the case of spendless stores, so what a difference it makes whether it was a discount store that opened up at colson's time or not?
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2013, 02:19
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veenu08 wrote:
can someone please explain how B can be the answer.Since Colson's has been used just as an e.g to explain the situation that new stores opened up in place of the closed stores so the same will happen in the case of spendless stores, so what a difference it makes whether it was a discount store that opened up at colson's time or not?

Hello veenu08.

This question is definitely good to practice. The way GMAC writes CR questions is superb Now let see why B weakens the conclusion.

ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact: The discount stores in Goreville's central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a
result of competition from a Spend Less discount department store that just opened,
Conclusion: those locations will not stay vacant for long.

Reason to support conclusion: In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson's.

ANALYZE OPTION B:

The logic of the argument is: New Discount store opened ==> Current Discount store will be closed ==> But there will be another Discount stores opened in the locations of closed stores.
The reason to back up: Colson, a NON-discount store opened ==> Current NON-discount stores will be closed ==> But there was a NEW store opened in the location of closed Non-discount stores.

STOP. what kind of "NEW store"?

The argument is WEAK is because it uses PARALLEL reasoning improperly. The reasoning is true if the NEW store has the same nature as the closed NON-discount stored. If the NEW opened store is NOT non-discount stores ==> The reasoning/parallel reasoning is NOT valid.

Option B: Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been discount stores
B says exactly the same ==> B weakens the argument.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2014, 04:13
sagarsabnis wrote:
Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a
result of competition from a Spend Less discount department store that just opened, those locations will not
stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new
store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete
with Colson's.

Can anyone explain, I can't understand the last 3 lines. As far as I understand, discount stores in a certain place are expected to close as they can't compete with another discount store "SpendLess". However, that place will not be vacant. What happened next?
My problem.
1. I can't understand the whole timeline of events
2. Are those new stores "discount" or "nondiscount"?
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2015, 08:40
shpnoraj wrote:
sagarsabnis wrote:
Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a
result of competition from a Spend Less discount department store that just opened, those locations will not
stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson's, a nondiscount department store, a new
store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete
with Colson's.

Can anyone explain, I can't understand the last 3 lines. As far as I understand, discount stores in a certain place are expected to close as they can't compete with another discount store "SpendLess". However, that place will not be vacant. What happened next?
My problem.
1. I can't understand the whole timeline of events
2. Are those new stores "discount" or "nondiscount"?

If you want to STRENGTHEN the argument then the stores should be NON-DISCOUNT.
If you want to WEAKEN the argument, then the stores should be DISCOUNT.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2015, 15:54
I believe all the answer choices except B discuss smth that have no influence on the conclusion of the argument.
clearly, to weaken the conclusion, we need some information that the stores that closed where C opened were non-discount or that the new stores opened nearby C - are offering discounts..
bu showing the 2 situations, we can deduct that it will not be the same with SL!

(A) Many customers of Colson's are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the Spend Less
store opened.
this does not undermine the conclusion that the number of stores will increase...

(8) Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been
discount stores.
looks good..as what we believed we need..

(C) At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.
completely irrelevant.

(D) Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville's population will grow at a faster rate
than it has for the past several decades.
irrelevant.

(E) Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either
SpendLess or Colson's.
what kind of merchandise they sell - not interesting!

B is the best.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2016, 18:01
Thanks for the solution. It was tricky.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2016, 13:03
Discount stores are closing because of the competition from Spendless Discount store and the place being vacant will be occupied very fast
The author gives a parallel reason since Colson's -nondiscount store opened , every store that closed due to competition by Colson, there was some other store which occupied that place.

Now Option B says - Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been
discount stores.
the stores that occupied place (left by stores which couldn't compete Colson's) were discount stores.
Now If Discount stores were closing in central shopping district because of Competition from Spendless , why will some other discount store come back. (Ok few! may come) still the conclusion is weakened
i.e the place in central shopping district will not be filling up very soon.
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Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2017, 01:10
Original Qstem and ACs:

Although the discount stores in Goreville’s central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a result of competition from a SpendLess discount department store that just opened, those locations will not stay vacant for long. In the five years since the opening of Colson’s, a nondiscount department store, a new store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson’s.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
A. Many customers of Colson’s are expected to do less shopping there than they did before the SpendLess store opened.
B. Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson’s opened have been discount stores.
C. At present, the central shopping district has as many stores operating in it as it ever had.
D. Over the course of the next five years, it is expected that Goreville’s population will grow at a faster rate than it has for the past several decades.
E. Many stores in the central shopping district sell types of merchandise that are not available at either SpendLess or Colson’s.

Quote:
ANALYZE OPTION B:

The logic of the argument is: New Discount store opened ==> Current Discount store will be closed ==> But there will be another Discount stores opened in the locations of closed stores.
The reason to back up: Colson, a NON-discount store opened ==> Current NON-discount stores will be closed ==> But there was a NEW store opened in the location of closed Non-discount stores.

STOP. what kind of "NEW store"?

The argument is WEAK is because it uses PARALLEL reasoning improperly. The reasoning is true if the NEW store has the same nature as the closed NON-discount stored. If the NEW opened store is NOT non-discount stores ==> The reasoning/parallel reasoning is NOT valid.

Option B: Increasingly, the stores that have opened in the central shopping district since Colson's opened have been discount stores
B says exactly the same ==> B weakens the argument.

Hope it helps.

As per your analysis, there will be "another Discount stores" filling up the spaces of the closed stores.
But the stimulus does not specify what kind of stores will fill up those locations. Am I understanding the passage correctly?
Similarly, nowhere does it say that Non-discount stores closed as a result of competition from Colson. Is it assumed that only those directly competing with Colson will close?

Also, if B were true and new Discount stores opened at the location of closed Non-discount stores, can't it be that new Non-discount stores filled up the spaces of the closed stores? Then the space won't be left vacant for long, and thus it either strengthens or does not affect the argument.
Re: Although the discount stores in Goreville's central shopping   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2017, 01:10
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