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# Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break

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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2016, 09:28
Prolonged stagnation is a behavioural aspect.
It has to be like that and not like it.
Options E is correct.
Also the statement is in present tense. Had should be replaced with has.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2016, 08:26
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narendran1990 wrote:
daagh: I was able to rule out option A & B, because past perfect is not needed. In option D, like is followed by a clause instead of a noun. Found option C to be 'precise'. In option E, the sentence construction is awkward, 'that' is an essential modifier and when which is preceded by a comma, it becomes a non essential modifier and I presume 'which' can also be used as an essential modifier. Why in this particular option both the modifiers are necessary.?

Just as should always be followed by so. So, I ruled out C as there was no 'so' in it.

As we know like should NEVER be followed by a clause. So, D is out.

I know in E like that which is a weird construction but GMAC says always go for the BEST option.

So, E is the BEST option .

Also, in E we have like that and then something that modifies this 'that' which is the phrase starting with 'which'. hence E is the Best .
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2016, 20:07
abhimahna : I am aware of the idiom ' Just as 'A', so 'B'. But in this particular question isn't the situation in argentina shown as an example.? And i assumed that to show similarity 'Just as' can be used.

Agree with your point of picking the 'best possible' option.
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Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2016, 21:44
narendran1990 wrote:
abhimahna : I am aware of the idiom ' Just as 'A', so 'B'. But in this particular question isn't the situation in argentina shown as an example.? And i assumed that to show similarity 'Just as' can be used.

Agree with your point of picking the 'best possible' option.

What I have read is that Just as X , So Y should always be used together. Its is similar to how we use Not Only X, But also Y.

So, I believe we should not use this idiom without a so.

If you want to present examples, you should use such as. or if you wanna do comparison you should use as or like.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2016, 03:45
daagh wrote:
Quote:
Kanigmat wrote
Like when used for comparison should always be followed by noun

'Like' when used for comparison can be followed by a noun, or a pronoun or a noun+ noun modifier. It does not matter even if a relative clause that has a verb follows and modifies the noun as the clause is after all a modifier in the context

Can you please explain why D is wrong ?
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2016, 06:57
daagh wrote:
Quote:
Kanigmat wrote
Like when used for comparison should always be followed by noun

'Like' when used for comparison can be followed by a noun, or a pronoun or a noun+ noun modifier. It does not matter even if a relative clause that has a verb follows and modifies the noun as the clause is after all a modifier in the context

Can you please explain why D is wrong ?

In D, what is the antecedent of "it"> is it Risk or fear or stagnation. Hence, pronoun ambiguity error makes D wrong.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2016, 06:13
hi experts,

what is the antecedent of "what" in correct answer E?
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Altough the fear last year( verb tense, pronoun) [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2016, 00:08
Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades.

had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, just as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I eliminated E because 'that which' seemed awkward to me. Please explain
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Re: Altough the fear last year( verb tense, pronoun) [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2016, 06:59
Here is my drill down of the options:
A,B - No need of past perfect as no 2 points in the past being compared.
C - Park for now
D,E - 'has receded' makes sense, since it is followed by 'now' which means it has just receded and the author is now seeing the other side of the situation

C and D also seem to have a pronoun error. Please clarify what is the OA?
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Re: Altough the fear last year( verb tense, pronoun) [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2016, 10:58
E is the OA but I'm not convinced with the expression that which
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Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2016, 09:50
merging topics
please make sure that you post in the right forum segment and that you use search before posting.
rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
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Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2016, 21:59
Can someone please explain why not C? Is there any wrong in using simple past tense just "receded" since it happened in the last year?
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2016, 01:56
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Expert's post
AnotherGmater wrote:
Can someone please explain why not C? Is there any wrong in using simple past tense just "receded" since it happened in the last year?

The problem in C is the incorrect use of pronoun "it". One may argue that "stagnation" is the antecedent of "it", but the "prolonged stagnation" that is expected was not the one that plagued Argentina - it was a different stagnation. For such usages the pronoun "that" is used - "that" creates a new copy of the antecedent.

The car I have is identical to that standing outside.... correct.
I have a car just as it is standing outside.... wrong.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2016, 08:40
Thank you!! Now it is crystal clear!
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2016, 05:19
The OA is correct and explanation provided above appears sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2017, 01:37
Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades.

had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades

had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades

receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, just as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades

has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades

has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
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Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2017, 01:55
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Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades.
A. had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
B. had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
C. receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, just as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
D. has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
E. has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades

Hi Can someone kindly explain the usage of like that? Also, I have never come across a sentence with the construction- like that which ....
Can someone kindly elaborate with a few examples?

Last edited by abhimahna on 28 Jun 2017, 09:59, edited 1 time in total.
Merged Topics. Please search before posting
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2017, 13:07
Hi Experts,

In the correct answer E. I have a question on the usage of COMMA + Like. Per my understanding, we need to compare the prolong stagnation. But here in choice E, comma + like usage implies - "that" is compared to the subject of the previous clause - "risk". This is not the intended meaning as we need to compare the prolong stagnation with prolong stagnation of Argentina.

Thanks!
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2017, 08:28
I don't agree with OA. We cannot use "like" with a clause. Please correct me,if I'm wrong.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 04:47
mikemcgarry

Hi Mike,

I have stumbled upon this question couple of times now, and every time I have marked the wrong answer.

Could you please provide an elaborate explanation as to how 'had receded' and has receded' make a difference. I not being able to resolve the tense properly.

Maybe this is because I an being able to clearly comprehend the meaning of the phrase 'Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart'

Two questions -
1) Did the fear persist last year and it receded last year itself? In this case 'had receded'
2) Did the fear persist last year but it recede now? In this case 'has receded'

Hope I am thinking in the right direction. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks!
Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break   [#permalink] 15 Aug 2017, 04:47

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