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# Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break

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Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2014, 17:44
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Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades.

had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, just as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2014, 00:35
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E is correct because

1) Had cannot be used as there were no two actions happening in the past
2) "Stagnation of the kind" is incorrect - 'of the kind' suggests that this stagnation is a smaller category of a bigger set of stagnations that plagued Argentina. But here we are comparing two exactly similar situations that happened in two different countries. Hence, the usage of "like that" in option E is better.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2014, 00:27
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in (E) construction ' like that which' is quite awkward which introduces nonrestrictive clause always; even comma is missing;
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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09 May 2014, 13:21
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A versus E anyone? Would like a back to back celebrity deathmatch between both answer choices

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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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10 May 2014, 12:34
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I searched "like that which" on google and it presented "About 3,04,00,000 results". I think E is correct.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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10 May 2014, 16:09
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@ jlgdr,

My 2 cent thought

"A" is out because "had receded" in my opinion makes little sense with the presence of word "now". Whatever was the first event that occurred in past, has its effect and "has receded" fits that logic completely.
Although I dont know why "E" is correct. I picked up "D"

E&OE
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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10 May 2014, 20:15
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[quote="Mountain14"]Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades.

had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, just as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades[/quote

I chose C, because I know for sure that like+ phrase
but in D and E we have clause after like!!

A and B are out because of Had receded.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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31 May 2014, 04:38
Mountain14 wrote:
Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades.

had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, just as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades

VERY HARD.

had receded has not past action in A and B . A and B is wrong.
in C, "risk could be stagnation as it has plaged" is not logic. there two actions can not be compared logically. we can not say logically: risk can be stagnation in the same way as it has plaged.
in D, "like it has" is not grammatical
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2014, 12:23
I believed the 2 actions are happening in 2 different time frame hence opted for A.
If we select E , the next best choice, are we able to justify the intent of the sentence i.e. what it wants to convey as then both the actions seem to occur in same time frame?
Experts, Please comment!
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2014, 03:26
I did not pick up E because it was missing a comma.
However, "Like that which" is an acceptable usage and therefore, this is the answer.

Of course, ... Like that, which... would have made me happy!
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2014, 04:37
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Mountain14 wrote:
Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades.

had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, just as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades

A vs E

Ladies and Gentlemen...let's get ready to rumbleeeeeeeeeeeee

A: [Although the fear (of) last year that the trade zone might break apart "had receded, the risk now..."]
had receded here indicates that an event took place before another event in the past; but no other event of the past is being introduced, --> "the risk NOW", which indicates the present.

E: [Although the fear (of) last year that the trade zone might break apart "has receded, the risk now.."]
has receded clearly links an event that has started in the past to the present "the risk now.." where it is being replaced by another risk.

--> E wins.

The other parts of these two options show no difference that would lead to an error in either one, in my opinion.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2015, 00:31
Is the "that which" construction legitimate on Gmat ? Experts please help.

Thanks.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2015, 10:47
bb61 wrote:
Mountain14 wrote:
Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break apart had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades.

had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation of the kind that has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
had receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, just as it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like it has plagued Argentina for the past two decades
has receded, the risk now could be prolonged stagnation, like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades[/quote

I chose C, because I know for sure that like+ phrase
but in D and E we have clause after like!!

A and B are out because of Had receded.

Hi,
I got this one wrong for the same reason mentionned above: I thought the usage of like+verbal clause for a comparison is false. I had to choose C even if I wasn't convinced (ambigous usage of "it").
Could anyone help?
Thank you,
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2015, 00:39
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“like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades” is not a clause. It is a noun phrase; ‘that’ is the noun and what follows after the noun is a relative clause modifying the noun ‘that’ Of course, in D ‘like’ is followed by a clause. So E is the best.
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2015, 01:15
daagh wrote:
“like that which has plagued Argentina for the past two decades” is not a clause. It is a noun phrase; ‘that’ is the noun and what follows after the noun is a relative clause modifying the noun ‘that’ Of course, in D ‘like’ is followed by a clause. So E is the best.

Thank you Daagh for your answer.
I admit that I find it a bit difficult to distinguish the verbal clause in D and not in E (even in E we have a noun + verb). I think I have to review my basics...
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2016, 12:10
Hi Experts,

Like when used for comparison should always be followed by noun
But here its followed by that (relative pronoun)
Is this construction valid in GMAT
Please advice
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Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2016, 01:00
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Quote:
Kanigmat wrote
Like when used for comparison should always be followed by noun

'Like' when used for comparison can be followed by a noun, or a pronoun or a noun+ noun modifier. It does not matter even if a relative clause that has a verb follows and modifies the noun as the clause is after all a modifier in the context
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2016, 10:34
daagh wrote:
Quote:
Kanigmat wrote
Like when used for comparison should always be followed by noun

'Like' when used for comparison can be followed by a noun, or a pronoun or a noun+ noun modifier. It does not matter even if a relative clause that has a verb follows and modifies the noun as the clause is after all a modifier in the context

Thanks Daagh,

I will make a note of this
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2016, 07:33
daagh: I was able to rule out option A & B, because past perfect is not needed. In option D, like is followed by a clause instead of a noun. Found option C to be 'precise'. In option E, the sentence construction is awkward, 'that' is an essential modifier and when which is preceded by a comma, it becomes a non essential modifier and I presume 'which' can also be used as an essential modifier. Why in this particular option both the modifiers are necessary.?
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Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2016, 10:28
Prolonged stagnation is a behavioural aspect.
It has to be like that and not like it.
Options E is correct.
Also the statement is in present tense. Had should be replaced with has.
Re: Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break   [#permalink] 21 Aug 2016, 10:28

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# Although the fear last year that the trade zone might break

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