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Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s

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Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2010, 09:50
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A
B
C
D
E

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64% (01:13) correct 36% (01:18) wrong based on 2223 sessions

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Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, it had not been announced until February, 1968.

(A) Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, it had not been announced until February, 1968.

(B) Although not announced until February, 1968, in the summer of 1967 graduate student Jocelyn Bell observed the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted.

(C) Although observed by graduate student Jocelyn Bell in the summer of 1967, the discovery of the first sighted pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, had not been announced before February, 1968.

(D) The first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was observed in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, but the discovery was not announced until February, 1968.

(E) The first sighted pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, was not announced until February, 1968, while it was observed in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell.


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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2011, 09:28
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Step 1. The use of past perfect for the later event is totally illogical and inappropriate and hence A and C are out
Step 2. B suffers from bad modification; after the modifier phrase, “Although not announced until February, 1968”, the modified noun 'the discovery of the first pulsar' should be mentioned. Hence B can be dropped.

To decide between D and E, I feel that the phrase ‘the first sighted pulsar’ as used in E rather changes the original meaning of the text which uses the phrase ‘the first pulsar to be sighted’. To be sighted in the context does not mean yet to be sighted but simply that has been sighted. In addition, the term ‘sighted pulsar’ may in a weird sense mean a pulsar that is blessed with the power of sight.

Second, the term ‘discovery’ is a crucial factor that is conspicuous by its absence in E. IMO, we should also appreciate the chronological sequence maintained in D and therefore D is superior to E.
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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2014, 16:50
Opted D and E,

but rejected D because of -" to be sighted was observed"

Can any one pls explain
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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2014, 19:19
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Mountain14 wrote:
Opted D and E,

but rejected D because of -" to be sighted was observed"

Can any one pls explain


"To be sighted was observed" is indeed a tricky construction. Remember infinitives can be adverbs, nouns, and adjectives. In this case, the infinitive is used as an adjective to "the first pulsar." The infinitive, like other verbals, carry an idea of action, and the idea of action is that "someone sighted the first pulsar." In passive tense, that is "the first pulsar was sighted by someone"; without the agent, it is "the first pulsar was sighted"; in infinitive-modifier form, we have "the first pulsar to be sighted." So, the blurb "the first pulsar to be sighted was observed..." is a bit less confusing once it's broken down.

I hope this helps.
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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2014, 06:44
what is wrong with E please explain ?? :roof

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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2014, 07:50
smartyguy wrote:
what is wrong with E please explain ?? :roof

E says: The first sighted pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, was not announced until February, 1968, while it was observed in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell.

So, it basically says: The first sighted pulsar was not announced until February, 1968

It is nonsensical to say that pulsar was not announced; pulsar cannot be announced/unannounced.

Actually the observation/discovery (about the sighting of pulsar) was not announced until February, 1968. This is what E says.
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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2016, 10:38
In the option c, is it not correct to use ' had not been announced before/until 1968' ? because to emphasize that ' announcement' has not been made before 1968. 'no announcement' is before 1968 so i thought it should be past perfect tense. i understand first sighting in 1967 and then announcement in 1968 . so, use of past perfect for announcement is wrong. but, without the first clause is it right to use past perfect for the second clause?
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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2016, 13:14
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DeepikaV wrote:
In the option c, is it not correct to use ' had not been announced before/until 1968' ? because to emphasize that ' announcement' has not been made before 1968. 'no announcement' is before 1968 so i thought it should be past perfect tense. i understand first sighting in 1967 and then announcement in 1968 . so, use of past perfect for announcement is wrong. but, without the first clause is it right to use past perfect for the second clause?


Use of past perfect is redundant when using "before".
Correct: I left home before my father arrived.
Wrong: I had left home before my father arrived.

The following is an excerpt from Manhattan SC guide:

"Note that we do not always use the Past Perfect for earlier actions. In general, you should use Past Perfect only to clarify or emphasize a sequence of past events. The earlier event should somehow have a bearing on the context of the later event. Moreover, if the sequence is already obvious, we often do not need Past Perfect.

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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2017, 23:26
Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, it had not been announced until February, 1968.

(A) Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, it had not been announced until February, 1968. - the first pulsar was in the summer does not make sense ; It does not have a proper logical antecdent ; verb tense issue
(B) Although not announced until February, 1968, in the summer of 1967 graduate student Jocelyn Bell observed the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted. - Modifier although not announced J Bell
(C) Although observed by graduate student Jocelyn Bell in the summer of 1967, the discovery of the first sighted pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, had not been announced before February, 1968. - Modifier Although observed illogically modifies the discovery ; verb tense issue
(D) The first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was observed in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, but the discovery was not announced until February, 1968. - Correct
(E) The first sighted pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, was not announced until February, 1968, while it was observed in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell.
- illogical meaning - the pulsar itself was not announced
Answer D
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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2017, 03:01
'To be sighted' and 'was observed' are they not redundant in option D ? or do they take different stance here ? Why not simply say 'was observed'
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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2017, 05:00
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pooja k wrote:
'To be sighted' and 'was observed' are they not redundant in option D ? or do they take different stance here ? Why not simply say 'was observed'


They can't be redundant. The sentence focuses on the time of the observation of the first special star that was sighted. "To be sighted" means the first one was sighted from the Earth. "was observed" is simply the main verb in that sentence.

Also, if you combine them: "The first pulsar was observed in the summer of 1967", this sentence distorts the meaning. First, "the first pulsar" means first of what? Second, this sentence indicates that people observed that star in 1967, this observation is not necessarily the first observation of that star.
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Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2017, 16:24
goodyear2013 wrote:
Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was in the summer of 1969 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, it had not been announced until February, 1968.

a) Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was in the summer of 1969 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, it had not been announced until February, 1968.
b) Although not announced until February, 1968, in the summer of 1967 graduate student Jocelyn Bell observed the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted.
c) Although observed by graduate student Jocelyn Bell in the summer of 1967, the discovery of the first sighted pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, had not been announced before February, 1968.
d) The first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be sighted was observed in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell, but the discovery was not announced until February, 1968.
e) The first sighted pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, was not announced until February, 1968, while it was observed in the summer of 1967 by graduate student Jocelyn Bell.

Hi, I added this Q as other post don't include OA


the wording is more appropriate in D.

in A - IT doesn't have a real antecedent. Since it creates ambiguities, A can be eliminated.
B - what was not announced until February 1968? clearly, the choice of words is poor in this sentence, which doesn't make any sense at all.
C - The discovery was not observed, the star was observed - from the beginning of the sentence, we can eliminate this choice easily.
D - looks good. meaning is clear
E - the discovery was not announced until Feb 1968. The star was there and still is.

D so far is the best option.
Re: Although the first pulsar, or rapidly spinning collapsed star, to be s   [#permalink] 19 Jan 2017, 16:24
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