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# Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed,

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Manager
Joined: 20 May 2004
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Location: USA
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed,  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2004, 12:52
1
16
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (01:20) correct 42% (01:22) wrong based on 727 sessions

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Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is
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Re: the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of  [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2012, 09:28
7
3
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is

Pronoun Error: The 'them' has a singular antecedent, 'lesser cornstalk borer'

(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are

Faulty modification: measures are not 'widely distributed'. The lesser cornstalk is.

(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is

Change in Meaning: Here a noun phrase is introduced, 'lesser cornstalk borer control.'

(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are

The Answer: Clear antecedent, proper modification

(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is

Faulty Modification: It is not the control that is 'widely distributed.'
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##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 18 Sep 2004
Posts: 146
Location: Dallas, TX

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05 Nov 2004, 19:26
1
Picked D

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
them refers to the less cornstalk borer and should be singular

(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
widely distrbuted should modify the lesser cornstalk borer not measures,

(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
incorrectly implies that it's the lesser cornstalk borer control that is only needed in the South

(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
makes the most sense.

(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is
again, widely distributed should modify the lesser cornstalk borer
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21 Mar 2011, 05:36
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is

The way I see it, this is a toss up between B and D
B is not correct because the clause before the comma has no noun.
Therefore it is D
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21 Mar 2011, 06:06
The reason for rejecting B is not the lack of a verb in the “ clause” before the comma; In fact, the part before the comma is not even a clause; it is an adjectival modifier phrase; In essence what is widely distributed is the pest lesser cornstcok borer. But in B, the modifier modifies ‘measures, rather than the pest. That is the reason to dump B
The answer is D becos of proper modification
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23 Sep 2011, 23:16
2
A classic case of mis-modification

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is --- them has no referent

(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are ---
What is widely distributed is the insect’s young one, the lesser cornstcok borer, ( don’t try to analyze what lesser corn stock borer is ; It is the name given to a grub that bores into the bottom stem portion of the corn plant) and not the measures to control it. Wrong modification

(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is – same as in B control is not widely distributed. Wrong modification

(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are --- By using a differently structured sentence, what is widely distributed and what are necessary have been made amply clear. Correct choice

(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is --- it wrongly refers to control rather than insect

One question. Why is it tagged SV agreement?
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Re: 98/1000 SC: The lesser cornstalk borer  [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 09:19
singh_satya wrote:
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is

(A) - Incorrect - "them" should be it
(B) - Incorrect - "measure" are not "widely distributed"
(C) - Incorrect - changes the meaning
(D) - Correct
(E) - Incorrect - "control" is not "widely distributed"
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Re: the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 03:52
1
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
There is no antecedent for them
(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
wrong modifiers. " widely distributed" modifies "the lesser cornstalk borer".
(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
Should be "lesser cornstalk borer 'S control" or " control OF lesser cornstalk borer "
(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
Correct
(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is[/quote]
"It" here is ambiguous.
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Re: the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 10:08
3
monir6000 wrote:
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
Incorrect: "Lessor cornstalk borer" is singular, so "control of THEM" cannot be correct

(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
Incorrect: This is saying that the "measures to control lesser cornstalk borer" are widely distributed, when the original sentence says that the "lesser cornstalk borer" itself is widely distributed.

(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
Incorrect: Saying that "lesser cornstalk borer control" is widely distributed, when it should be the "lesser cornstalk borer" itself that is widely distributed.

(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
Correct: "It" agrees with "lesser cornstalk borer" and "are" agrees with "measures"

(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is

Incorrect: Same reasoning as C
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Re: the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of  [#permalink]

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09 May 2012, 12:37
Hi ChrisLele

Can you please explain what is modifying what in this sentence. Measures is modifying the whole clause?
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Re: the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of  [#permalink]

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10 May 2012, 08:50
@pavanpuneet,

In some of the incorrect answer choices there is faulty modification. In the correct answer, those errors in modification are omitted. For instance if we take answer choice (B), ...although widely distributed, the measures..., the measures, which comes directly after the comma, is being modified by the preceding phrase.

The correct answer (D) eliminates this error by making it clear in the subordinating clause that the borer is widely distributed, although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures... Unlike answer choice (B), 'measures' that comes after the comma is not being modified by anything in the preceding phrase. The reason is that preceding phrase already has a subject (the borer), that is clearly linked with 'widely distributed.'

Hope that helps remove any confusion .
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Re: Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed,  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2016, 10:35
Much of the problem of this question will be cleared if, we understand that the lesser corn borer is a pest that bores in the lower part of the corn stem and eats away the soft tissues, breaking the plant into two and leading to the plant’s death eventually. This is such a major pest in the southern regions where some definitive control is required.

On the grammar side, the borer is a singular noun

(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is – ‘ borer’ is singular and ‘them’ is plural . Sub-pronoun mismatch.

(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are --- wrong modification, widely distributed things are not the measures but the borer.

(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is – what is widely distributed is not the borer control but the borer. Same as in B

(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are -- the correct choice.

(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is --- control is not widely distributed., the borer is ------same as in B and C
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Re: Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed,  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 07:40
monir6000 wrote:
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.
(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is

Hi,

What is the source of this question?

Per the concept of Parallelism: In Although X, Y form-> X and Y should be Parallel.

Option D states: Although the lessor cornstalk borer ...., measures to control.....
Here the bold and underlined parts should be parallel, which is not the case and hence I believe this should not be the correct choice.

Experts kindly let me know if my understanding is correct.
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Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed,  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 09:30
andy2502 wrote:
monir6000 wrote:
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.
(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is

Hi,

What is the source of this question?

Per the concept of Parallelism: In Although X, Y form-> X and Y should be Parallel.

Option D states: Although the lessor cornstalk borer ...., measures to control.....
Here the bold and underlined parts should be parallel, which is not the case and hence I believe this should not be the correct choice.

Experts kindly let me know if my understanding is correct.

"Although" is used to depict contrast between a dependent clause and an independent clause (the clause containing "although" is the dependent clause).
Although I am tired, I must go.
He did not score well, although he studied hard.

Similarly in option D, a dependent clause " Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed" is contrasted with an independent clause "measures to control it are necessary only in the South." Option D is alright.
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Re: Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed,  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 10:52
sayantanc2k wrote:
andy2502 wrote:
monir6000 wrote:
Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is necessary only in the South.
(A) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, control of them is
(B) widely distributed, measures to control the lesser cornstalk borer are
(C) widely distributed, lesser cornstalk borer control is
(D) the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, measures to control it are
(E) it is widely distributed, control of the lesser cornstalk borer is

Hi,

What is the source of this question?

Per the concept of Parallelism: In Although X, Y form-> X and Y should be Parallel.

Option D states: Although the lessor cornstalk borer ...., measures to control.....
Here the bold and underlined parts should be parallel, which is not the case and hence I believe this should not be the correct choice.

Experts kindly let me know if my understanding is correct.

"Although" is used to depict contrast between a dependent clause and an independent clause (the clause containing "although" is the dependent clause).
Although I am tired, I must go.
He did not score well, although he studied hard.

Similarly in option D, a dependent clause " Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed" is contrasted with an independent clause "measures to control it are necessary only in the South." Option D is alright.

Thanks sayantanc2k for the reply. I understand that 'Although' is used to create a contrast and connects 2 clauses. However, I am not clear on whether there has to be parallelism between the 2 connected entities.

In the examples you quoted, I can notice parallelism between the two entities(refer bold highlighted below):

Although I am tired, I must go.
He did not score well, although he studied hard.

Similarly in the question above, I assume the choice should have been:

Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, it has to be controlled only in the South.
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Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed,  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2016, 11:13
andy2502 wrote:

Thanks sayantanc2k for the reply. I understand that 'Although' is used to create a contrast and connects 2 clauses. However, I am not clear on whether there has to be parallelism between the 2 connected entities.

In the examples you quoted, I can notice parallelism between the two entities(refer bold highlighted below):

Although I am tired, I must go.
He did not score well, although he studied hard.

Similarly in the question above, I assume the choice should have been:

Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed, it has to be controlled only in the South.

This concept is not about parallelism, but about sentence structure. It is not required that the subject of the clauses be the same.

We went to play, although it was raining... correct.
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Re: Although the lesser cornstalk borer is widely distributed,  [#permalink]

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07 Sep 2018, 09:59
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