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# Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that

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Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2010
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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 03:10
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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 04:49
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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
Correct
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
" to develop and enforce" is better
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
Awkward
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
Change the meaning : like a prediction
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
Change the meaning of the sentence
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 11:36
Do we need the 'must' in option A?
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2012, 23:22
Do we need the 'must' in option A?

No. The meaning of (A) indicates that this period of time has happened...
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 23:23
Please explain why option B is wrong, is it because wrong usage of "being"?
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2012, 22:29
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My Approach -->
Since the sentence can take multiple tense form depending on what it means so i did not rely on that.
Principle must be followed by that

Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
NOw in A and D ,
NEarly a century of cases indicates present continous so A.

PLEase correct me if i am wrong.
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2012, 00:20
i guess nearly a century of ..... give hints to use "has been"
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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28 May 2012, 05:20
Can someone please explain why option D is incorrect?
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 21:51
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monir6000 wrote:
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

i was stuck between A and D. finally picked A. the intended meaning of the sentence is that court ruled in 1880 that Black could not be excluded outright from Jury service. the second represents a flow of time-line by stating "century of case-by-case adjudication". So D is out. correct me if i am wrong
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2014, 12:11
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Manager
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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15 May 2016, 00:05
Can someone please explain why is B incorrect?
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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15 May 2016, 00:15
sa18 wrote:
Can someone please explain why is B incorrect?

I think B is wrong because of its tense.The situation stated in the question has started long ago and is still in continuation and has not ended yet.Hence the tense (Present perfect progressive) Has Been is perfectly suitable.

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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17 May 2016, 05:20
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Expert's post
ynk wrote:
sa18 wrote:
Can someone please explain why is B incorrect?

I think B is wrong because of its tense.The situation stated in the question has started long ago and is still in continuation and has not ended yet.Hence the tense (Present perfect progressive) Has Been is perfectly suitable.

Please correct me if I am wrong.

Option B is wrong for 2 reasons:

1. For conveying an intent infinitive is a better choice. Hence "to develop and enforce" is better than " for developing and enforcing"
2. The usage "the principle of all juries being drawn" is wrong. The phrase implies that the principle belonged to the juries who were being drawn.
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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2016, 15:58
Don't understand why D is incorrect. What does "century of" has to do with the verb tense??

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Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2016, 03:35
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Expert's post
manhasnoname wrote:
Don't understand why D is incorrect. What does "century of" has to do with the verb tense??

X is necessary to do Y: implies that the necessity is in the present.

X has been necessary to do Y: implies that the necessity has been there for some time.

"A century of" implies that the necessity has been there for a century - therefore "has been" is better than "is".

Option D implies that the necessity is from now to 100 years from now. Option A implies that the necessity has been from 1880 (or some point of time in the past) to 100 years from that point.
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that   [#permalink] 31 Aug 2016, 03:35
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