It is currently 29 Jun 2017, 06:09

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 734
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2009, 12:19
2
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (01:54) correct 45% (01:10) wrong based on 273 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1408
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2009, 14:29
2
KUDOS

it took 100 years to completely implement

hence you need continous tense and answer choice A has it
Manager
Status: Target 700+
Joined: 12 Jun 2011
Posts: 57
Location: India
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Aug 2011, 04:14
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I read a excellent explanation fr this question by someone on 1000 sc forum:

Analysis:
Verb Tense
- has been
- was
- was to be
- is necessary
- will be

It starts in the past and now in the present - Present Perfect Tense

Parallelism
- to develop and enforce
- for developing and enforcing
- in developing and enforcing
- to develop and enforce
- for developing and enforcing

Also, Subordinate clause
that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service

main clause
- that all juries must be
- of all juries being
- of all juries to be
- that all juries must be
- of all juries being

Idioms
- necessary for
- necessary to

B - out past tense, of juries being
C - out past tense, of all juries to be
E - out future tense, of all juries being

Between A and D
tense: has been vs. is
parallelism: both correct
Main vs. Subordinate: both correct
Idiom: necessary to both correct

A - past to present
D - present

A - Correct
_________________

Study Daily to conquer GMAT.

Manager
Joined: 09 Apr 2013
Posts: 209
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 710 Q44 V44
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V44
GPA: 3.1
WE: Sales (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Jun 2013, 11:55
2
KUDOS
I don't like this question because the action DIDN'T occur over a particular time!

It only occured once!!

Nearly a century (subject) was needed (predicate) to ......

It's not as if a century was needed in 1880, and another century was needed in 1979... we only needed the century once, in 1880. In 1881, we needed 99 years... 98 years after that, then 97... etc etc.

The actions that occur WITHIN that century, however, such as "to develop" and "to enforce" are ongoing.

B is wrong for idiomatic reasons, but the others are wrong grammatically.. so I picked B.

What is the source of this question?
Manager
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 173
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2009, 22:39
1
KUDOS
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

A is more precise than B.
Multiple clues to eliminate B.
1. being...
2. the principle of

Note that you can easily frame a correct sentence even if the second part is in simple past tense.
Status: How can I crack Verbal
Joined: 12 May 2011
Posts: 208
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 700 Q51 V32
GPA: 3
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Aug 2011, 04:26
1
KUDOS
was confused b/w A and D,eventually chose D ..i keep commiting errors when it comes to VebTense
SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2473
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Feb 2009, 15:01
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

D means "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" is a necessary condition where as A means it took "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be from “a fair cross section of the community".

So A is correct. I was also leaning toward B but B has "being" and changes the tense.
_________________

Gmat: http://gmatclub.com/forum/everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html

GT

Director
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 734
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Feb 2009, 06:16
Thanks. The OA is A.
Manager
Joined: 11 Aug 2008
Posts: 154
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2009, 00:55
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

In B being almost always wrong in Gmat SC, so it is out
In C was to be....to be awkward
In E will be ...being
Between A and D, I choose A because of the phrase "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" needs a present perfect tense
Manager
Joined: 17 Jul 2008
Posts: 247
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Jun 2009, 05:01
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

I have eliminated B,E since usage of being . I have eliminated D due to usage of ''is'' . But why C is wrong ? Can somebody explain?
_________________

Please give kudos if you enjoy the explanations that I have given. Thanks

Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2008
Posts: 72
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jul 2009, 19:48
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
I think for developing and in developing is correct use??
I am unable to understand the use of tenses.Although supreme court ruled long ago then was must be used in the sentence instead of has or is???
Plz help in clarifying the answer from tenses point of view.
Manager
Joined: 17 Apr 2009
Posts: 153
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2009, 05:07
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
has been is used when an event which started in the past continues in the present.

B looks like the correct ans.What is the OA?
Director
Joined: 27 Jun 2008
Posts: 542
WE 1: Investment Banking - 6yrs
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jul 2009, 06:46
I went for A

I found this : sc-1000-series-court-rule-76064.html
Manager
Joined: 13 Jul 2006
Posts: 64
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Aug 2009, 03:14
A.

"has been" is required to indicate that "to develop and enforce the principle" started in the past and still continue today.
_________________

Consider kudos for a good explanation

Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2010
Posts: 310
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Jul 2010, 21:55
Very close between A and B. B has being so that eliminates the choice. So has to be A
Manager
Joined: 27 Jun 2008
Posts: 79
Location: United States (AL)
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2010, 22:59
A for me,, continous tense required in the sentence
Manager
Joined: 26 Dec 2009
Posts: 136
Location: United Kingdom
Concentration: Strategy, Technology
GMAT 1: 500 Q45 V16
WE: Consulting (Computer Software)
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Dec 2010, 09:48
yea B is deceiving though.. tough one..
Intern
Joined: 02 Feb 2011
Posts: 40
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2011, 07:58
The action clearly started in the past. However, it continued into present.
Hence, A for me too.
Director
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 900
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Mar 2011, 10:05
even A is wrong. enforce + must redundant. The source must be unofficial.

WarriorAjay wrote:
The action clearly started in the past. However, it continued into present.
Hence, A for me too.
Senior Manager
Joined: 20 Jul 2010
Posts: 263
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Mar 2011, 07:44
I marked B but feel even that is wrong

B has 'enforcing the principle of all juries ' - we need that as in D.

As for tense, I guess simple past is correct
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me some KUDOS !!!!! Like you I need them

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that   [#permalink] 02 Mar 2011, 07:44

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 32 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
Because the Supreme Court has ruled that 0 31 May 2016, 07:35
4 Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that 7 01 Nov 2016, 22:23
Because the Supreme Court has ruled that the prosecution in 0 09 Sep 2016, 06:41
17 Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that 14 31 Aug 2016, 03:35
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that 7 29 May 2013, 19:46
Display posts from previous: Sort by