It is currently 20 Nov 2017, 19:54

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1339

Kudos [?]: 864 [0], given: 10

Reviews Badge
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Feb 2008, 18:49
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

55% (00:51) correct 45% (01:04) wrong based on 342 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 864 [0], given: 10

3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 13 Feb 2012
Posts: 143

Kudos [?]: 19 [3], given: 107

GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.67
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Apr 2012, 04:49
3
This post received
KUDOS
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
Correct
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
" to develop and enforce" is better
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
Awkward
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
Change the meaning : like a prediction
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
Change the meaning of the sentence
_________________

Kudos!!!... If you think I help you in some ways....

Kudos [?]: 19 [3], given: 107

2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 01 Aug 2008
Posts: 727

Kudos [?]: 866 [2], given: 99

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2009, 12:19
2
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....

Kudos [?]: 866 [2], given: 99

2 KUDOS received
VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1402

Kudos [?]: 443 [2], given: 1

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2009, 14:29
2
This post received
KUDOS
decision was made in 1880

it took 100 years to completely implement

hence you need continous tense and answer choice A has it

Kudos [?]: 443 [2], given: 1

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: Target 700+
Joined: 12 Jun 2011
Posts: 56

Kudos [?]: 17 [2], given: 3

Location: India
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Aug 2011, 04:14
2
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
I read a excellent explanation fr this question by someone on 1000 sc forum:


Analysis:
Verb Tense
- has been
- was
- was to be
- is necessary
- will be

It starts in the past and now in the present - Present Perfect Tense

Parallelism
- to develop and enforce
- for developing and enforcing
- in developing and enforcing
- to develop and enforce
- for developing and enforcing

Also, Subordinate clause
that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service

main clause
- that all juries must be
- of all juries being
- of all juries to be
- that all juries must be
- of all juries being

Idioms
- necessary for
- necessary to

B - out past tense, of juries being
C - out past tense, of all juries to be
E - out future tense, of all juries being

Between A and D
tense: has been vs. is
parallelism: both correct
Main vs. Subordinate: both correct
Idiom: necessary to both correct

A - past to present
D - present

A - Correct
_________________

Study Daily to conquer GMAT.

Kudos [?]: 17 [2], given: 3

2 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 27 Apr 2012
Posts: 38

Kudos [?]: 7 [2], given: 9

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 650 Q46 V34
GPA: 3.3
WE: Consulting (Accounting)
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2012, 21:12
2
This post received
KUDOS
Although this question is not directed to me, I will share what I know about this topic.

"being" is not always wrong in the GMAT. It is wrong in most cases (say 99% of the time) when not used correctly.

"Being" can be used as a noun, a verb, a participle adjective or adverb.

"being" is wrong here because it's been used as a verb without a preceding help verb (is, was been etc).
You can say "this girl is being crazy" or "this boy was being whipped" but not "this girl being crazy".

Hope this helps.

Kudos [?]: 7 [2], given: 9

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Apr 2013
Posts: 208

Kudos [?]: 81 [2], given: 40

Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 710 Q44 V44
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V44
GPA: 3.1
WE: Sales (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2013, 11:55
2
This post received
KUDOS
I don't like this question because the action DIDN'T occur over a particular time!

It only occured once!!

Nearly a century (subject) was needed (predicate) to ......

It's not as if a century was needed in 1880, and another century was needed in 1979... we only needed the century once, in 1880. In 1881, we needed 99 years... 98 years after that, then 97... etc etc.

The actions that occur WITHIN that century, however, such as "to develop" and "to enforce" are ongoing.

B is wrong for idiomatic reasons, but the others are wrong grammatically.. so I picked B.

What is the source of this question?

Kudos [?]: 81 [2], given: 40

Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3198

Kudos [?]: 3510 [2], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Aug 2016, 03:35
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
manhasnoname wrote:
Don't understand why D is incorrect. What does "century of" has to do with the verb tense??

Could someone please clarify? Thanks!


X is necessary to do Y: implies that the necessity is in the present.

X has been necessary to do Y: implies that the necessity has been there for some time.

"A century of" implies that the necessity has been there for a century - therefore "has been" is better than "is".

Option D implies that the necessity is from now to 100 years from now. Option A implies that the necessity has been from 1880 (or some point of time in the past) to 100 years from that point.

Kudos [?]: 3510 [2], given: 22

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 Dec 2008
Posts: 171

Kudos [?]: 173 [1], given: 0

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Feb 2009, 22:39
1
This post received
KUDOS
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being


A is more precise than B.
Multiple clues to eliminate B.
1. being...
2. the principle of

Note that you can easily frame a correct sentence even if the second part is in simple past tense.

Kudos [?]: 173 [1], given: 0

1 KUDOS received
Retired Thread Master
User avatar
Status: How can I crack Verbal
Joined: 12 May 2011
Posts: 206

Kudos [?]: 21 [1], given: 33

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Finance
GMAT 1: 700 Q51 V32
GPA: 3
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Aug 2011, 04:26
1
This post received
KUDOS
was confused b/w A and D,eventually chose D :( ..i keep commiting errors when it comes to VebTense :(

Kudos [?]: 21 [1], given: 33

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Feb 2012
Posts: 226

Kudos [?]: 302 [1], given: 7

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Apr 2012, 22:29
1
This post received
KUDOS
My Approach -->
Since the sentence can take multiple tense form depending on what it means so i did not rely on that.
Principle must be followed by that


Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
NOw in A and D ,
NEarly a century of cases indicates present continous so A.

PLEase correct me if i am wrong.
_________________

The Best Way to Keep me ON is to give Me KUDOS !!!
If you Like My posts please Consider giving Kudos

Shikhar

Kudos [?]: 302 [1], given: 7

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 22 Apr 2011
Posts: 206

Kudos [?]: 143 [1], given: 18

Schools: Mccombs business school, Mays business school, Rotman Business School,
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jun 2012, 21:51
1
This post received
KUDOS
monir6000 wrote:
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being


i was stuck between A and D. finally picked A. the intended meaning of the sentence is that court ruled in 1880 that Black could not be excluded outright from Jury service. the second represents a flow of time-line by stating "century of case-by-case adjudication". So D is out. correct me if i am wrong
_________________

some people are successful, because they have been fortunate enough and some people earn success, because they have been determined.....

please press kudos if you like my post.... i am begging for kudos...lol

Kudos [?]: 143 [1], given: 18

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
Joined: 28 Nov 2011
Posts: 303

Kudos [?]: 1261 [1], given: 2

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Sep 2012, 14:37
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be ('has been', the present perfect, fits well with something that started 'nearly a century' ago and presumably continues today).
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being ('being' is awkward).
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be ('was to be necessary' awkward)
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be (because this action started at some point in the past, the use of 'is' is inappropriate).
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being ('being' is awkward)
_________________

Christopher Lele
Magoosh Test Prep


Image

Image

Kudos [?]: 1261 [1], given: 2

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3198

Kudos [?]: 3510 [1], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 May 2016, 05:20
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
ynk wrote:
sa18 wrote:
Can someone please explain why is B incorrect?


I think B is wrong because of its tense.The situation stated in the question has started long ago and is still in continuation and has not ended yet.Hence the tense (Present perfect progressive) Has Been is perfectly suitable.

Please correct me if I am wrong.


Option B is wrong for 2 reasons:

1. For conveying an intent infinitive is a better choice. Hence "to develop and enforce" is better than " for developing and enforcing"
2. The usage "the principle of all juries being drawn" is wrong. The phrase implies that the principle belonged to the juries who were being drawn.

Kudos [?]: 3510 [1], given: 22

SVP
SVP
avatar
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 1543

Kudos [?]: 185 [0], given: 2

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Feb 2008, 18:52
A is the best here .... 'was' in B seems to indicate that the case by case process is no longer happening ...

Kudos [?]: 185 [0], given: 2

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Jul 2007
Posts: 275

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 0

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Feb 2008, 23:08
I'm stuck between A and D. Could someone explain which one is right and why?



goalsnr wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

Kudos [?]: 53 [0], given: 0

VP
VP
User avatar
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1339

Kudos [?]: 864 [0], given: 10

Reviews Badge
Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Feb 2008, 15:08
sanjay_gmat wrote:
I'm stuck between A and D. Could someone explain which one is right and why?



goalsnr wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being



Sanjay,

In D "is" change sthe meaning of the sentence. The case by case adjudication is already been started.

Kudos [?]: 864 [0], given: 10

SVP
SVP
User avatar
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2471

Kudos [?]: 856 [0], given: 19

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Feb 2009, 15:01
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”

(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....


D means "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" is a necessary condition where as A means it took "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be from “a fair cross section of the community".


So A is correct. I was also leaning toward B but B has "being" and changes the tense.
_________________

Verbal: http://gmatclub.com/forum/new-to-the-verbal-forum-please-read-this-first-77546.html
Math: http://gmatclub.com/forum/new-to-the-math-forum-please-read-this-first-77764.html
Gmat: http://gmatclub.com/forum/everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html


GT

Kudos [?]: 856 [0], given: 19

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 11 Aug 2008
Posts: 150

Kudos [?]: 58 [0], given: 8

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jun 2009, 00:55
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

In B being almost always wrong in Gmat SC, so it is out
In C was to be....to be awkward
In E will be ...being
Between A and D, I choose A because of the phrase "nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication" needs a present perfect tense

Kudos [?]: 58 [0], given: 8

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 17 Jul 2008
Posts: 246

Kudos [?]: 484 [0], given: 29

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jun 2009, 05:01
ugimba wrote:
101. Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could not be excluded outright from jury service, nearly a century of case-by-case adjudication has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be drawn from “a fair cross section of the community.”
(A) has been necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(B) was necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being
(C) was to be necessary in developing and enforcing the principle of all juries to be
(D) is necessary to develop and enforce the principle that all juries must be
(E) will be necessary for developing and enforcing the principle of all juries being

please explain .... I chose D but that is not the answer ....


I have eliminated B,E since usage of being . I have eliminated D due to usage of ''is'' . But why C is wrong ? Can somebody explain?
_________________

Please give kudos if you enjoy the explanations that I have given. Thanks :)

Kudos [?]: 484 [0], given: 29

Re: Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that Blacks could   [#permalink] 14 Jun 2009, 05:01

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 49 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Although the Supreme Court ruled as long ago as 1880 that

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.