It is currently 23 Nov 2017, 21:18

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

American productivity is declining in relation to Europes;

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 18 Sep 2009
Posts: 352

Kudos [?]: 601 [1], given: 2

American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 May 2010, 14:18
1
This post received
KUDOS
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

60% (01:07) correct 40% (01:03) wrong based on 151 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure
(D) up to two times what West Germans expended
(E) up to double the West German expenditure
what is the difference between option A and B?. the phrase 'that' refers to which one in bothe sentences
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 601 [1], given: 2

1 KUDOS received
VP
VP
avatar
Joined: 05 Mar 2008
Posts: 1467

Kudos [?]: 307 [1], given: 31

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 May 2010, 15:32
1
This post received
KUDOS
TomB wrote:
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure
(D) up to two times what West Germans expended
(E) up to double the West German expenditure
what is the difference between option A and B?. the phrase 'that' refers to which one in bothe sentences


Energy in a. B refers to expenditure but should refer to energy.

Kudos [?]: 307 [1], given: 31

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Mar 2010
Posts: 186

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 16

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 May 2010, 20:14
A = redundancy with the word expended

I like b.

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 16

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 220

Kudos [?]: 105 [0], given: 38

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 May 2010, 22:43
A it is.

The complete sentence should read:
"The energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice the energy expended per unit of production in West Germany."


In A, "the energy" is replaced by "that". "per unit of production" is understood and omitted.

Kudos [?]: 105 [0], given: 38

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 16 Feb 2010
Posts: 179

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 17

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2010, 04:56
energy expended per unit of production in the United States is ______ . Since it is a case of parallel construction it is essential to use energy expended or a pronoun in its place. Hence I feel the choices with the word expenditure should be avoided at best. Which rules out B, C and E. Amongst A & D - A sounds perfect. My logic worked fine for me.Hope it is the correct approach though!

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 17

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
B
Affiliations: SPG
Joined: 15 Nov 2006
Posts: 320

Kudos [?]: 898 [0], given: 28

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2010, 22:43
comparing A and B ....B is wordier ...in A it is already implied that this energy is from the expenditure ....so explicitly mentioning it in B is redundant

Kudos [?]: 898 [0], given: 28

BSchool Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 390

Kudos [?]: 201 [0], given: 76

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2010, 02:39
TomB wrote:
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure

what is the difference between option A and B?. the phrase 'that' refers to which one in bothe sentences


expended in the United States... ... expended in West Germany
expended in the United States... ... of West Germany's expenditure

Option B is not so parallel as option A. You see that in A "expended" is acting as a verb, while in B "expenditure" is a noun.

Kudos [?]: 201 [0], given: 76

BSchool Thread Master
avatar
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 390

Kudos [?]: 201 [0], given: 76

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 May 2010, 09:36
cano wrote:
TomB wrote:
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure

what is the difference between option A and B?. the phrase 'that' refers to which one in bothe sentences


expended in the United States... ... expended in West Germany
expended in the United States... ... of West Germany's expenditure

Option B is not so parallel as option A. You see that in A "expended" is acting as a verb, while in B "expenditure" is a noun.


In A, ask yourself the question: what is expended in the US? the answer is "energy". But that works only because the phrases are parallel:
the energy expended in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany

If we don't have "expended" in the second phrase, then it is not so clear what is "that" referring to. And that is the problem, because we have instead "that of West Germany's expenditure". Even when you can understand the sentence, and guess what "that" is referring to, the option A does it in a much clearer way, and that is preferred in the GMAT.

Kudos [?]: 201 [0], given: 76

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 269

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 27

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Mar 2014, 05:14
TomB wrote:
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure
(D) up to two times what West Germans expended
(E) up to double the West German expenditure
what is the difference between option A and B?. the phrase 'that' refers to which one in bothe sentences


choice a is wrong because (see "born to women over 30 years old" from gmatprep)
the part you keep after ellipsis should be the same as the previous part

there is no"expended in " in the first half. there is only "expended per" in the first half. in other words, you can not cut off a phrase which is not continuous.

D is best
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 27

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Apr 2013
Posts: 269

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 27

Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Mar 2014, 03:44
TomB wrote:
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany
(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure
(D) up to two times what West Germans expended
(E) up to double the West German expenditure
what is the difference between option A and B?. the phrase 'that' refers to which one in bothe sentences


I want to talk more of this problem though it is not official one

the rule of ellipsis is that
- the cut off part must be present in the previous part
- the remaining part must be paralel to a phrase in the previous part so that it is clear in meaning or the remaining part must be clear in meaning but dose not need to be parallel. we need a parallelism here to make a clear meaning. of course, if both choices are clear in meaning, the choice which is parallel is possiblly considered better.


in b,c and e, energy is compared to expenditure. this is not logic

the problem in a is that a dose not meet the the 2nd standard above. the remaing part is not parallel to a phrase somewhere. there is no "expended in the us" . moreover, "expended in germany" is not clear in meaning. so this phrase is not correct.

even choice D is not clear in meaning. "what" is not clearly energy.

this question is not good. it is presented for us to discuss about comparison and ellipsis.
_________________

If anyone in this gmat forum is in England,Britain, pls, email to me, (thanghnvn@gmail.com) . I have some questions and need your advise. Thank a lot.

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 27

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Oct 2016
Posts: 172

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 11

Location: China
Concentration: Healthcare, Entrepreneurship
WE: Sales (Health Care)
Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Jan 2017, 19:55
"energy expended in the U" parallels with "that expended in West Germany"
_________________

LSAT CR is driving me mad

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 11

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 21 Aug 2016
Posts: 297

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 136

Location: India
GPA: 3.9
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Feb 2017, 09:02
Hi Expert,

Please provide the reasoning to reject all the incorrect choices. I have gone through the existing posts but could not understand anything.

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 136

Top Contributor
Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4315

Kudos [?]: 8197 [0], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Feb 2017, 13:45
Top Contributor
American productivity is declining in relation to Europe’s; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that expended in West Germany.

(A) as much as twice that expended in West Germany === the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice the energy expended in West Germany. ----Correct structure

(B) as much as twice that of West Germany’s expenditure ===; the energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice the energy expended in West Germany's expenditure. We can see the miscarried meaning in the highlighted phrase.

(C) up to two times of West Germany’s expenditure ---,two times is not an acceptable synonym for twice in describing quantum.

(D) up to two times what West Germans expended -- structurally also the sentence is unparallel with a passive voice in one part and an active voice in the compared factor.
(E) up to double the West German expenditure-- 'double' is mostly used as a verb; in this context 'double' is used as a noun.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509


Last edited by daagh on 02 Feb 2017, 12:52, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 8197 [0], given: 364

Expert Post
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3200

Kudos [?]: 3522 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
American productivity is declining in relation to Europes; [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Feb 2017, 13:49
AR15J wrote:
Hi Expert,

Please provide the reasoning to reject all the incorrect choices. I have gone through the existing posts but could not understand anything.


In addition to daagh sir's points, please note the following errors purely due to comparison issues:

A. Correct.
The energy expended per unit of production in the United States is as much as twice that (energy) expended in West Germany.

The energy expended in USA is twice the energy expended in USA. The blue and the pink parts are parallel. ( Energy compared to energy)

B. Wrong
The energy expended in USA is twice that of West Germany’s expenditure
The pronoun "that" does not have an antecedent. ("energy of expenditure" does not make any sense.)

C. Wrong
The energy expended in USA is two times of West Germany’s expenditure.
Energy is wrongly compared to expenditure.

D. Wrong
The energy expended in USA is two times what West Germans expended.
A noun ("energy") is wrongly compared to a clause ("what West Germans expended").

E. Wrong
The energy expended in USA is double the West German expenditure.
Energy is wrongly compared to expenditure.

Kudos [?]: 3522 [0], given: 22

American productivity is declining in relation to Europes;   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2017, 13:49
Display posts from previous: Sort by

American productivity is declining in relation to Europes;

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.