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Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen

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Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2018, 02:44
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A
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

59% (01:16) correct 41% (01:23) wrong based on 355 sessions

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Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percentage who chose High Seas’ cruise lines has decreased by 5 percentage points over the past five years. Since High Seas obviously relies on consumers to earn profits, these declines must have had a measurably negative impact on High Seas’ earnings.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Some trips were cut from the cruise schedule, and they were trips during which ticket sales had historically been sufficient to achieve profitability.
(B) There are many more cruise lines in existence today than there were five years ago.
(C) The number of people who regularly take cruises has increased significantly over the past five years.
(D) Five years ago, High Seas reduced the number of cruises on its annual schedule.
(E) High Seas cruises travel to several different destinations.

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Re: Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2018, 08:55
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Sasindran wrote:
Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percentage who chose High Seas’ cruise lines has decreased by 5 percentage points over the past five years. Since High Seas obviously relies on consumers to earn profits, these declines must have had a measurably negative impact on High Seas’ earnings.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Some trips were cut from the cruise schedule, and they were trips during which ticket sales had historically been sufficient to achieve profitability.
(B) There are many more cruise lines in existence today than there were five years ago.
(C) The number of people who regularly take cruises has increased significantly over the past five years.
(D) Five years ago, High Seas reduced the number of cruises on its annual schedule.
(E) High Seas cruises travel to several different destinations.

Source: powerscore CR bible



hi.
Para tells us that the people choosing H has gone down by 5% of total people who went on cruise..
so the profit must have gone down ... BUT this is not true, what can be the reasons..


1) the prices of tickets could have gone up resulting in more revenue..
example 100 went initially and profit was $100 so total $10000..
Now it is 95 but profit on each ticket has gone up to 200, so total = 200*95=$19000

2) since we are talking about %, it is possible even with lesser %, the actual numbers could have gone up.
earlier they had 50% of total , which is 100 people..
but now the % has gone down to 45 but the number of people on cruise has gone up to 200, so total on H cruise = 45*200/100=90
so increase from 50 to 90

point 2 is given by C
Quote:
(C) The number of people who regularly take cruises has increased significantly over the past five years.

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Re: Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Feb 2018, 08:55
I personally chose A, because it's a weakener. However, I have to admit that C is a stronger weakener as it refers to a "significant" increase in customers compared to "some trip, which got cut" in A.

Additionally, chetan2u explained it very well imo.
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Re: Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2018, 08:02
Sasindran wrote:
Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percentage who chose High Seas’ cruise lines has decreased by 5 percentage points over the past five years. Since High Seas obviously relies on consumers to earn profits, these declines must have had a measurably negative impact on High Seas’ earnings.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Some trips were cut from the cruise schedule, and they were trips during which ticket sales had historically been sufficient to achieve profitability.
(B) There are many more cruise lines in existence today than there were five years ago.
(C) The number of people who regularly take cruises has increased significantly over the past five years.
(D) Five years ago, High Seas reduced the number of cruises on its annual schedule.
(E) High Seas cruises travel to several different destinations.

Source: powerscore CR bible


(C) The number of people who regularly take cruises has increased significantly over the past five years..

But in C how can we say that out of the number of people who take cruise, some portion belongs to High Seas cruises?
I guess A is a better weakner.
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Re: Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Apr 2018, 11:22
suramya26 wrote:
Sasindran wrote:
Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percentage who chose High Seas’ cruise lines has decreased by 5 percentage points over the past five years. Since High Seas obviously relies on consumers to earn profits, these declines must have had a measurably negative impact on High Seas’ earnings.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Some trips were cut from the cruise schedule, and they were trips during which ticket sales had historically been sufficient to achieve profitability.
(B) There are many more cruise lines in existence today than there were five years ago.
(C) The number of people who regularly take cruises has increased significantly over the past five years.
(D) Five years ago, High Seas reduced the number of cruises on its annual schedule.
(E) High Seas cruises travel to several different destinations.

Source: powerscore CR bible


(C) The number of people who regularly take cruises has increased significantly over the past five years..

But in C how can we say that out of the number of people who take cruise, some portion belongs to High Seas cruises?
I guess A is a better weakner.



So to think of it in pure mathematical terms, say there were initially 100 people that booked cruise trips. Out of which 10% (making up a number) was High Seas cruise line's share (so 10 customers in total). The premise says that HS company's share of the customer pie has reduced to 5% now. And the conclusion is that it must be suffering financially because (10% to 5% obviously is bad, lower share blah blah). BUT, if the total number of customers increased to say 500 or 1000, then 5% of that share doesn't sound that bad, does it? so the company may not be suffering financially if the number of customers increased.. (weakener)
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Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2018, 20:42
GMATNinja VeritasPrepKarishma chetan2u

Regarding (A) why does not this answer choice acts as an alternate cause for the
effect - reduction in profitability ?
We already know that trips which were cut from schedule were profitable from the answer choice.
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Re: Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 17:02
adkikani Let me try from my side.

First lets establish the causality.

Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percentage who chose High Seas’ cruise lines has decreased by 5 percentage points over the past five years. >>>>> Since High Seas obviously relies on consumers to earn profits, these declines must have had a measurably negative impact on High Seas’ earnings.

Pre-thinking - This is a weaken question. Mind that this decrease is in percentage . I cant say anything for sure about the number. This is a very common game in gmat. So in such kind of questions you must establish, Why the earning will not decrease, even with the given condition. Some how People should increase. This is possible only when Total number of people increases. Now we have a mind set even before reading the choices. And i want to assure you in 90% of the cases this should be an answer. But for rest 10% case, read every choice very carefully.

C is straight answer from this but why not A, as you have asked. here are the reasons.

We need to weaken the argument. and just not determine the financial aspects. When we need to weaken the argument we need to determine the structure of it. find the conclusion, causality and hidden assumption. these things make an argument. in a simple question you have to weaken the conclusion. but when it is about the argument, you to establish whole structure.

So learning from this one is that you must stick with the plan for that sentence type, No matter what is the level of the question. Establish the argument components. work on hidden assumption and find the flaw in causality prior. This will help you gain momentum.

Hope it is helpful.
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Re: Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2018, 09:58
"C" seems to be an obvious choice but can we consider "High seas" cruise same as "cruise". I think it creates an ambiguity.
Re: Among consumers in this country who take cruises regularly, the percen &nbs [#permalink] 28 Aug 2018, 09:58
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