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# Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than

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Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2008, 16:45
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Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) ..........
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending
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20 Nov 2008, 19:21
Great question. where is it from?

I go with E here is why:

first of all, we have to remember that the underlined section of a sentence is ment to modify lower-end insurance plans. what do they (the plans) do? they impose stricter limits on medical services, and that in turn requires doctors to do X (to see more patients) and Y (and to spend less time).

so the logic is this: cheaper plans restrict limits, and 'cos of the former docs see more patients and spend less time with each.

stallone wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
not parallel

(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
if imposing were to modify the low end plans, imposing would have to be preceded by a comma

(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
low end plans that restrict ...., require ..., and spend less time with each. plans don’t spend time with patients

(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
the lower end plans do not require doctors to see more patients, the restrictions that the lower end plan sets do

(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending
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20 Nov 2008, 20:34
stallone wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) ..........
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

D for me.

lower-end insurance plans do 2 things:
1)impose stricter limits on medical services
2)require doctors to see more patients

the 2) above makes doctors spend less time with patients.
It is not lower-end insurance plans that spend less time with patients.

A is wrong because the use of 'spend' is incorrect. (as if plans spend less time)

B is wrong for the same reason, though it looks parallel it means all three actions are done by insurance plans.

C is same as B just that it uses base form of verb instead of ing form

D correctly indicates that 1) & 2) above are done by insurance plans and spending less time is outcome of 2)

E indicates that only 1) is done by insurance plans and remaning are outcome of 1)
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20 Nov 2008, 21:47
stallone wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) ..........
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

Agree with D.

"spending less time with each" should modify "that require doctors to see more patients".

In E, "requiring doctors to see more patients and spending less time with each" modifies "that impose stricter limits on medical services". By doing so, "that impose stricter limits on medical services" is also modified by "spending less time with each". This is wrong because "spending less time with each" can logically modify only the doctors not the stricter limits.

This is called illogical modifier. Therefore the meaning of the sentence is changed in E.

So D looks good - a tough one....
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21 Nov 2008, 12:15
hi i feel the aswer to be D as well but the OA mentioned was E

one more reason to eliminate E :

that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

here even if we consider that requiring is modifying the clause before it , the usage of "spending" is wrong !

"...requiring doctors "to see" ......... and "to spend" ...." for parallelism !!
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21 Nov 2008, 12:23
I have seen this question either in gmatpreps or OG but its original GMAC retired question.

I guess if u r not a native speaker this is hard to get. The explanation above makes sense but I would not think of E as a right choice on a real test and would go with D
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21 Nov 2008, 12:51
uf, this is a tough one!!

I picked E

Quote:
that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

requiring... and spending... are modifing the new medical services

What's the OA and the source?

one guy said it is E and another one D, could you confirm?

Thank you!
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21 Nov 2008, 15:13
I think 'impose' is singular verb.

so isn't it only limits medical services and not doctors.

Also medical services require doctors to see more patients and hence spend more time.

I go with E.
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21 Nov 2008, 15:22
OA is E indeed
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22 Nov 2008, 10:58
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24 Nov 2008, 02:52
spiridon wrote:
OA is E indeed

MGMAT people from the above link say OA is D. Where is your OA sorce from?
Re: sc   [#permalink] 24 Nov 2008, 02:52
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