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Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jan 2015, 08:36
tenaman10 wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


( D) Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending less time with each.

The underlined portion has two clauses....
1. that( means PLANS) impose stricter limits on medical services.
2. that ( means PLANS) require doctors to see more patients, spending( EXPLAINS HOW SPENDING LESS TIME) less time with each.

NOTE: 1. IMPOSE AND REQUIRE ARE PARALLEL........
2. SPENDING..... MODIFIES THE CLAUSE NO 2 AS ABOVE.......
3. "THAT" before clause 2, as above, is not required to be repeated and therefore it is not repeated.....

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2015, 09:07
hgp2k wrote:
tejal777 wrote:
Could somebody please explain why exactly is A akward??Stuck between A and D:(

I think it is a classic case of "command subjunctive". Impose and Require are BOSSY words, which always require word "that" in the sentence. A is wrong as it lacks the word "that". :)

Also the use of -ing participle "imposing" wrongly suggests that union/nonunion members are imposing the stricter norms than the insurance plans. One more reason to strike out A.

Please correct me if I am wrong.
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The plural form of insurance policy is insurance policies. And similarly for insurance plan it should be insurance plans.
If that's the case then how come options C,D and E can be considered which uses singular that instead of plural those?? ('that impose stricter limits....')

Like here -

"some people believe that the benefits of the a healthy diet outweigh that of regular exercise "

..this sentence is wrong ..and it becomes correct by replacing " that of regular exercise" with " those of regular exercise"

And I understand here those requires.

I wish to know if that is singular or plural.
Thanks.

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2016, 19:30
I know that the official questions are not debatable and D is the best answer choice.

But it has been bugging me about the concept of V-ing modifier regarding the doer of the action.

I know that the V-ing modifiers modify the whole preceeding clause by presenting cause-effect relationship.

For example, one of the official question is

Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting adult sea turtles.

However, do the modifiers really need to make sense with the subject of the preceeding clause as well?

In this question, the intended meaning of the doer of "spending less time with each" is difinitely doctors but "doctors" is cleary not the subject.

Please help :cry:

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2016, 01:07
hi,

i do not understand logic behind the option D. i find option E as correct because 'requiring doctors to see more patients and spending less with each' adds additional info to 'impose stricter rules on medical services'. i feel imposing stricter medical services means to require doctors to see less patients.

please help, i always go wrong with parallel lists.

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2016, 05:14
TGC wrote:
Among lower- paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower- end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

a). imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
b). imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
c). that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
d). that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, and spending
e). that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


source: brutal SC's

My take (B), but that is wrong can anyone explain OA



The option is D is posted wrong here , correct is below :

(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending


Explanation for ans :

imposing and requiring is parallel . 3rd part is explanation of how doctors will see more patients.
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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2016, 10:09
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please post them here and then click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button - users are requested not to click the button without posting their queries.

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2016, 01:20
tenaman10 wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


in choice b, c and e, spending/spend refer grammatically to plan. this is not logic. wrong.
between b and d.
it is more logic to see that spending is part of see more patient. so, d is correct. this is hard though classical. many gmat official questions ask us to differentiate between "and do " and " comma+doing'

the main difference is the first shows two separate actions which have no time relation and meaning relation. the second show two action which are simultaneous and which have meaning relations such as reason, context, detail of main clause. honestly, I am afraid of "comma+doing" .
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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2017, 01:05
tenaman10 wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending



Here, understanding the meaning that "new plans require doctors to see more patients and hence consequently will be able to spend less time with each patient" is the key to answer this question..
once we get this ..we know that "spending" should be mentioned as verbing modifier after a "," immediately after the previous clause ..
Hence, option A, B, C and E are Out..
D is the answer ..


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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2017, 03:02
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than nonunion members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.
(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending

imposing is not correct
as it is not presenting the result or additional information of the previous clause

A and B aare out

In C
impose ,require and spend
are made parallel to each other
however lower end insurance plans do two things
-impose....
-require......
it itself not causing to spend less time with each other
because doctors are required to spend time with more patients that is why spending less time

In E also, requiring || spending is made parallel which is not correct due to above reasons

D is the best

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2017, 00:05
Last part of the underlined portion logically pertains to preceding action: "requiring doctors to see more patiens" if asked HOW, then we get "spend less time.
Option A. "spend" pertains to subject "members" in the underlined portion which makes no sense, hence Incorrect.
Option B. "spending" modifies members again which makes no logical sense, hence Incorrect.
Option C. "spend" pertains to the list in clause which grammatically correct, but it's not logical.
Option D. "spending" is a modifier pertaining to preceeding clause which is correct from logical and grammatical points of view, hence Correct.
Option E. List begins with clause ehn folloewd by -ing modifier which is absolutely incorrect, hence discard it as well.

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 21:04
Quote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend less time with each.

(A) imposing stricter limits on medical services and requiring doctors to see more patients, and spend
(B) imposing stricter limits on medical services , requiring doctors to see more patients, and spending
(C) that impose stricter limits on medical services, require doctors to see more patients, and spend
(D) that impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients, spending
(E) that impose stricter limits on medical services, requiring doctors to see more patients and spending


Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans that [impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients], spending less time with each.

GMATNinja It is a tricky and super tough question. What is VERBing "spending" intended to modify in this sentence? Does the VERBing modifier modify the preceding clause in blue bracket []?
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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2017, 22:25
hazelnut wrote:
Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union members to be enrolled in lower-end insurance plans that [impose stricter limits on medical services and require doctors to see more patients], and spending less time with each.

What is VERBing "spending" intended to modify in this sentence? Does the VERBing modifier modify the preceding clause in blue bracket []?

Hi hazelnut, there should not be any and before spending.

The clause immediately before this participial phrase is:

lower-end insurance plans require doctors to see more patients

The reason this sentence is slightly tricky is that the participial phrase does not directly modify the subject of this clause: lower-end insurance plans.

However, the participial phrase does modify the doer (doctors) of the preceding action (to see).
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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2017, 17:32
D is indeed correct. E should have been correct if it is "requiring doctors to see more patients and TO SPEND...", clearly, spend must modify actions of doctors. Although D is confusing, D is the answer.

A,B are eliminated if ones can understand that at least one of 3 actions modify other actions. Hence, either A or B cannot be correct.

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 13:02
Just one silly query

Why is there no //ism of "That impose" AND "That require" , why is it simply require?


chetan2u wrote:
Hi,
here 'that impose' is better than 'imposing' as 'that' relates to the word immediately preceding it
therefore A and B are out....

now there are 3 activities


a)impose stricter limits on medical services
b) require doctors to see more patients, and
c)spend less time with each.
in these a and b are independent and c is dependent on b....

C makes all a ,b ,c independent...... E makes b and c dependent on a..
only D makes a and b independent and c dependent on b.. therefore D is the ans...
hope i have been of some help..

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Re: Among lower-paid workers, union members are less likely than non union   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2017, 13:02

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