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# Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2012, 19:28
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Thanks a Lot mike

If I got it correct then
- Aid + to + who( to whom we r giving the aid)
- Aid +in + what ( what form of aid is given )...and aid in follows a gerund

Plz correct me if wrong

I have got one doubt. Are the below construction correct:
The NGO provides aid for the Tsunami victims.
The NGO provides aid to the Tsunami victims
The NGO provides aid in rebuilding the colony devastated in Tsunami.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2012, 14:44
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sujit2k7 wrote:
I have got one doubt. Are the below construction correct:
The NGO provides aid for the Tsunami victims.
The NGO provides aid to the Tsunami victims
The NGO provides aid in rebuilding the colony devastated in Tsunami.

The NGO provides aid for the tsunami victims. = possibly something you will hear in informal spoken English, but for GMAT SC purposes, this is incorrect.

The NGO provides aid to the tsunami victims. = correct
The NGO provides aid in rebuilding the colony devastated in tsunami. = correct

Does all this make sense?
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2012, 20:54
Thanks Mike
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2012, 09:54
106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.
(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

I am always doubtful about the usage of to infinitive.
Under what circumstances do we a 'to infinitive' and in case we have two choices left one of which has a to infinitive and one has a Participle which one should be chose and why?

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 03:30
The first thing that struck my eye was the parallelism aspect of asking and thanking, which eliminates B and D. This structure also requires the ‘or’ variant, as in either X or Y, so C is eliminated which leaves A and E. In regards to the to heal / in healing split, I think the trick is to think what was happening at the time. At the time in question, the supplicants WERE healing ills and asking for Bona Dea’s assistance. They were not asking Bona Dea to heal at some stage in the future.

So I choose A.

I’m really interested in an experts response to this.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 03:38
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aid to specifies to whom aid is provided

aid in specifies in what the aid is provided

eg. He provided aid to the homeless
He provides aid in homeless shelters

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 04:21
MohitGarg wrote:
106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.
(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

I am always doubtful about the usage of to infinitive.
Under what circumstances do we a 'to infinitive' and in case we have two choices left one of which has a to infinitive and one has a Participle which one should be chose and why?

I dont think the Aid to usage is right here. Aid in is right here. Also you have to look at either or. Also look at 'either asking..... or thanking'

So A is the winner.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 11:22
aid in
either A or B
=> the correct choice will be (A)
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2013, 02:46
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2013, 06:43
"Aid in" is the proper idiom. A must be the answer.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2014, 09:36
Either...Or, Aid in are the correct idioms.

This leaves us only with A and hence it is the correct answer.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2014, 04:31
xcusemeplz2009 wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

aid in or aid to

We have an "either" in the part preceding the underlined part, so we need a "or".. B/C gone.

"aid to heal" is just... wrong. If people do not understand that the correct ideomatic expression is "aid IN healing", then I can see why you would pick D, the parallelism in D is after all correct in its own context. But "aid TO heal" is simply not correct. That's why A is correct.

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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24 May 2014, 00:39
mikemcgarry wrote:
noboru wrote:
106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.
(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

I am responding to a pm from sujit2k7.

This is from the OG --- it's SC #109 in the OG12. Here's the OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA = (A)

When the verb "to aid" is followed by a verb, then
(a) "aid" + "in" + [gerund] is correct according to the idiom
but
(b) "aid" + [infinitive] is incorrect idiomatically

Remember
gerund = the "-ing" form of a verb used as a noun -- "I like singing", "Eating vegetables is good for you."
infinitive = the standard dictionary-listing for a verb, preceded by the preposition "to" --- "to be or not to be"
See this blog for more on infinitives and infinitive phrases:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/infinitive ... -the-gmat/

If the word "aid" is used as a noun and followed by a noun, the person receiving the aid, then it would be OK to use "to" as the preposition following "aid"
e.g. "Does the United States give aid to Belize?"
Essentially, the word following "to" is an indirect object in this context. If you write an indirect object as a prepositional phrase, you always use the word "to."

I can think of casual contexts in which "aid for" might be used, but I can think of anything GMAT-worthy that would use that combination.

It's not enough just ask about which preposition to use. Context is everything. It matters very much whether "aid" is a verb followed by another verb, or whether "aid" is noun followed by another noun.

Does all this make sense?

Mike

this is most beautiful explanation. it looks nice that "aid in doing" is correct. but I do not see this idiom in dictionary.

second point is that

"healing" in A is gerund. this means, "healing" refers to a general action, not a specific action by a specific noun in the sentence.

"to heal" in E, in contrast, refers to "supplicant" . this means "supplicant ask the aid so that they can heal". this meaning is quite different from meaning in choice A and is the reason for elimination of E.

is my thinking correct? I very much want you to comment.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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24 May 2014, 16:55
vietmoi999 wrote:
this is most beautiful explanation. it looks nice that "aid in doing" is correct. but I do not see this idiom in dictionary.

second point is that

"healing" in A is gerund. this means, "healing" refers to a general action, not a specific action by a specific noun in the sentence.

"to heal" in E, in contrast, refers to "supplicant" . this means "supplicant ask the aid so that they can heal". this meaning is quite different from meaning in choice A and is the reason for elimination of E.

is my thinking correct? I very much want you to comment.

Dear vietmoi999,
Thank you very much for your kind words. I am happy to respond.

I think you are analyzing far too much.
aid in [gerund] is idiomatically correct.
aid [infinitive] is awkward and idiomatically incorrect

It's hard for any dictionary to list every possible correct idiom. The best way to learn idioms is to read, read, read. Nothing replaces a daily habit of reading sophisticated writings in English. If you want some practice with idioms, here are some free Idiom Flashcards:
https://gmat.magoosh.com/flashcards/idioms

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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27 May 2014, 04:40
the idiom is that

aid of something in something/doing
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2014, 01:24
Among the objects
found in the excavated temple
were small terra-cotta effigies
left by supplicants who were either
----asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or
----thanking her for such help
.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

1: either X or Y; X and Y shall be parallel(||).
2: Asking goddess aid to healing Vs Asking goddess aid in healing. Which one make sense here?
e.g. I need ur aid in finishing this task.

A is correct.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2015, 05:58
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2015, 05:11
Hi, I got the right choice, but I want to know why "for helping" is awkward?
Is it because we need a "such" to clarify what the help is?

pls help, thanks a lot!

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2015, 05:27
Ptting wrote:
Hi, I got the right choice, but I want to know why "for helping" is awkward?
Is it because we need a "such" to clarify what the help is?

pls help, thanks a lot!

hi ptting,
there is nothing wrong in 'for helping'... the reason is those choices using this type of construction are using wrong idiom "either..... and.....", whereas it should be "either X or Y"
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2015, 19:52
chetan2u wrote:
Ptting wrote:
Hi, I got the right choice, but I want to know why "for helping" is awkward?
Is it because we need a "such" to clarify what the help is?

pls help, thanks a lot!

hi ptting,
there is nothing wrong in 'for helping'... the reason is those choices using this type of construction are using wrong idiom "either..... and.....", whereas it should be "either X or Y"

thanks for your help , but the OG explanation says "for helping" is awkward.

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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2015, 19:52

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