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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small

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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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Noboru,

Yes you are correct, both Aid in and Aid to are correct. But pay attention.....to what follows the propostions.

Aid to the victims (noun) is available
Her Aid in walking (verb) the dog is appreciated.

As you can see, the question, requires the second version because healing is a verb.

So based on idiom itself, you can eliminate D and E. And among A,B,C - A is the only one that follows correct either/or structure. Therefore A is correct.
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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Aid in + action (gerund) VS Aid to + person
Her aid in cleaning the injury is appreciated. VS The volunteer nurse provides aid to the patients.
(I referred to MGMAT strategy guide book)
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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noboru wrote:
106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.
(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


I am responding to a pm from sujit2k7.

This is from the OG --- it's SC #109 in the OG12. Here's the OA
[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA = (A)


When the verb "to aid" is followed by a verb, then
(a) "aid" + "in" + [gerund] is correct according to the idiom
but
(b) "aid" + [infinitive] is incorrect idiomatically

Remember
gerund = the "-ing" form of a verb used as a noun -- "I like singing", "Eating vegetables is good for you."
infinitive = the standard dictionary-listing for a verb, preceded by the preposition "to" --- "to be or not to be"
See this blog for more on infinitives and infinitive phrases:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/infinitive ... -the-gmat/

If the word "aid" is used as a noun and followed by a noun, the person receiving the aid, then it would be OK to use "to" as the preposition following "aid"
e.g. "Does the United States give aid to Belize?"
Essentially, the word following "to" is an indirect object in this context. If you write an indirect object as a prepositional phrase, you always use the word "to."

I can think of casual contexts in which "aid for" might be used, but I can think of anything GMAT-worthy that would use that combination.

It's not enough just ask about which preposition to use. Context is everything. It matters very much whether "aid" is a verb followed by another verb, or whether "aid" is noun followed by another noun.

Does all this make sense?

Mike :-)
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sujit2k7 wrote:
I have got one doubt. Are the below construction correct:
The NGO provides aid for the Tsunami victims.
The NGO provides aid to the Tsunami victims
The NGO provides aid in rebuilding the colony devastated in Tsunami.


The NGO provides aid for the tsunami victims. = possibly something you will hear in informal spoken English, but for GMAT SC purposes, this is incorrect.

The NGO provides aid to the tsunami victims. = correct
The NGO provides aid in rebuilding the colony devastated in tsunami. = correct

Does all this make sense?
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help


Edit: OA provided
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

aid in or aid to
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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Paul wrote:
Understood Praet. But what made you choose "in helping" over "to help"?



Aid to: Overwhelmingly used to ask money (eg, for funding a project )

here the context demands "aid in"

better?
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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xcusemeplz2009 wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

aid in or aid to


first, you have either....or
that eliminates b and c
to heal is a gerund and thanking as an infinitive
you must have gerund...gerund
or infinitive...infinitive
this eliminates e

you are left with d and e

aid + infinitive is not correct

leaves a
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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aid to specifies to whom aid is provided

aid in specifies in what the aid is provided

eg. He provided aid to the homeless
He provides aid in homeless shelters
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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It's very simple if you use simple sentence to understand the behavior.

AID can be a noun/verb

I aid her. (verb)
I provide aid to her ( noun)
I am providing aid in her recovery ( noun)
I provided aid in her recovery (noun)
I provided aid to her recovery - INCORRECT !!

Red cross aids poor hungry kids. (verb)
Red cross provides aid for poor hungry kids (noun)
Red cross is providing aid to poor hungry kids (noun)

Aid to and Aid for and aid in.. all are correct. You need to examine the meaning of the sentence.

In the example -


106. Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea’s aid in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help.

(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her for such help

The sentence means that a temple was excavated. Some objects were found. Those objects appeared to convey the idea that the people were asking for Dea's aid in healing or perhaps thanking her for her help (in healing) - ellipsis

Now other way to explain is - aid means help.

You will never say - Powerful Jesus's help to healing illnesses was amazing
You can say - Powerful Jesus's help in healing illness was amazing.

Perhaps this can explain why Dea's aid in healing is idiomatically correct and Dea's aid to heal is not.

However a sentence can be written as

Dea's aid to provide food for the poor helped the villagers.

Dea's aid in helping villagers was never forgotten by them.


Similarly other sentence can be


New genetic evidence – together with recent studies of elephants’ skeletons, tusks, and other anatomical features – provide compelling support for classifying Africa’s forest elephants and its savanna elephants as separate species.

A. provide compelling support for classifying
B. provide compelling support for the classification of
C. provides compelling support to the classification of
D. provides compelling support for classifying - Correct Answer
E. provides compelling support to classify - Incorrect !!


Here also, the evidence provide support. It doesn't intend to classify the africa's forest elephants as seperate species.

This article is helpful.

to-verb-vs-for-verb-ing-144017.html



Let me know if I am wrong.
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New post 05 Mar 2004, 06:30
E sounds better to me. "asking the goddess' aid to heal..." seems better than "asking the goddess' aid in healing..."
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2004, 06:41
E

A - "in healing" sounds wrong
B,c - and is not correct; either requires or
D - to parallel 'asking' we need 'thanking' here and not 'to thank'

Probably, someone should give a better explanation with examples about "in healing" and why it is wrong(if).
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2004, 06:48
I can partially explain it with examples:
I ask Peter to help me with my homework
I ask Peter in helping me with my homework
"to ask" is a request and the right way to say it is "to ask someone to"
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2004, 09:25
pusht wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple
were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants
who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid
in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her
for such help.


(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking
her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank
her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking
her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her
for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her
for such help


A is best.

aid in is better usage for situations meaning seeking help.
aid to --- reminds me of monetary help.

Of course, either....or is the correct idiom.


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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2004, 09:42
praetorian123 wrote:
pusht wrote:
Among the objects found in the excavated temple
were small terra-cotta effigies left by supplicants
who were either asking the goddess Bona Dea's aid
in healing physical and mental ills or thanking her
for such help.


(A) in healing physical and mental ills or thanking
her for such help
(B) in healing physical and mental ills and to thank
her for helping
(C) in healing physical and mental ills, and thanking
her for helping
(D) to heal physical and mental ills or to thank her
for such help
(E) to heal physical and mental ills or thanking her
for such help


A is best.

aid in is better usage for situations meaning seeking help.
aid to --- reminds me of monetary help.

Of course, either....or is the correct idiom.


praetorian


Thx praetorian. So "aid" was the key word as to why "helping" is an "ing" word. My explanation omitted "aid". Nice question by the way pusht
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2004, 09:58
Quote:
Thx praetorian. So "aid" was the key word as to why "helping" is an "ing" word. My explanation omitted "aid". Nice question by the way pusht
[/quote]

well, this was about the correct usage.

i dont think "aid " plays a role in deciding whether its helping or not.
the preposition and infinitive are responsible for "helping" and "to help" respectively.

Most tough questions will be more about usage.

IMO, In most of the cases, Idioms will help us to narrow down the choices. after that, the devil is in the details. We need to read the SC carefully to notice such subte points.

did it help , paul?
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2004, 10:25
Quote:
i dont think "aid " plays a role in deciding whether its helping or not.
the preposition and infinitive are responsible for "helping" and "to help" respectively.

I'm not sure what you mean by preposition and infinitive... which preposition and infinitive?
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2004, 10:30
Paul wrote:
Quote:
i dont think "aid " plays a role in deciding whether its helping or not.
the preposition and infinitive are responsible for "helping" and "to help" respectively.

I'm not sure what you mean by preposition and infinitive... which preposition and infinitive?


Sorry , i dont think i made it clear.

preposition : in + helping

infinitive : to + help

i was trying to say that... aid has nothing to do with why helping is used...

clear now??
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2004, 11:06
Understood Praet. But what made you choose "in helping" over "to help"?
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Re: Among the objects found in the excavated temple were small   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2004, 11:06

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