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# An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio

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An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio [#permalink]

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16 May 2013, 00:36
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Question Stats:

50% (01:51) correct 50% (00:51) wrong based on 302 sessions

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An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes

Source: Aristotle Prep

Explanation: an-artist-who-explored-spanish-cultural-themes-julio-gonzal-153191.html#p1227709
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: Verbal Challenge 1.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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19 May 2013, 23:46
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5. An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
Correct
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
Artist explorers the themes, not art
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
whom is wrong here
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
artist is compared to Julio Gonzalez’ art
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes
Artist explorers the themes, not art
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Re: Verbal Challenge 1.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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17 May 2013, 02:31
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5. An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.
(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his
- CORRECT
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
-Both options B & E introduces the same error. It's not the ART that explored Spanish themes but the Artist himself. Thus INCORRECT. One can argue that art can mimic the Spanish themes (In Metaphorical sense) but in that case we need to a different word (barring EXPLORE) to avoid ambiguity
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
-Placement of highlighted portion is Awkward as it introduces confusion & GMAT prefers simplicity. Thus INCORRECT
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
- ART is not an artist (Misplace modifier error). Thus INCORRECT
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes
It's not the ART that explored Spanish themes but the Artist himself. Thus INCORRECT

This is toughest question of all 5 & in my view definitely a 700+ question. KUDOS to the poster. I have tried to answer questions in terms of increasing difficulty level.

Hope my detailed explanation will help many.

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Re: Verbal Challenge 1.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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20 May 2013, 07:35
doe007 wrote:
5. An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.
(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes

This one was really tough and honestly, I am still doubtful about my answer.

The main fight was between A, B, and E as C and D have some grammatical mistakes.

C) Here the modifier the art of whom is world renowned is away from the noun it modifies i.e.Julio Gonzalez

D) This is a sentence fragment. There is no conjunction between Phrase (An artist…..themes) and Main clause (Julio…....renowned)

Herein after we would look for the choice that has clear meaning.

The intended meaning should be Julio Gonzalez was world renowned and his art explored the Spanish cultural themes (He can explore the cultural themes through his art but he himself can not explore that)

Both A and B can be eliminated on the grounds on meaning issue. (IMO A also have a minor grammatical mistake)

A) Here the main clause is An artist was world renowned for his art. Julio Gonzalez describes the name of that artist so it should be separated from the rest of the sentence with comma. This choice would have been correct if it had the following structure. An artist who explored spanish cultural themes,Julio Gonzalez, was world renowned for his art.

B) Not in accordance with intended meaning. Spanish cultural themes were not the world renowned.

E) This choice IMO best represent the intended meaning

Thanks doe007, for sharing these questions with community. Hope to see such awesome questions again - with the prize of kudos

Regards,

Narenn
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Re: Verbal Challenge 1.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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21 May 2013, 00:23
doe007 wrote:
doe007 wrote:
5. An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes

Explanation:

Concepts tested: Modifier, Meaning

A) Correct. The modifier phrase at the beginning correctly modifies “Julio Gonzalez”.
B) Meaning change: Here “Spanish cultural themes” are described as “world renowned”. Wrong.
C) Meaning change: The sentence seems to convey “art of Spanish cultural themes is world renowned”. Wrong.
D) As the sentence starts with “an artist”, part after comma needs to start with “Julio Gonzalez”. Here “an artist” is incorrectly modifying “Julio Gonzalez’ art”. Wrong.
E) Meaning change: Instead of saying “Julio Gonzalez explored Spanish cultural themes”, the sentence is conveying that “art explored Spanish cultural themes”. Wrong.

I am still unclear on why option E is wrong. Both A and E convey the same meaning, no? It is illogical to think that "art" by itself can explore anything.
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Re: Verbal Challenge 1.1: SC Questions [#permalink]

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21 May 2013, 00:41
anilisanil wrote:
doe007 wrote:
doe007 wrote:
5. An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes

Explanation:

Concepts tested: Modifier, Meaning

A) Correct. The modifier phrase at the beginning correctly modifies “Julio Gonzalez”.
B) Meaning change: Here “Spanish cultural themes” are described as “world renowned”. Wrong.
C) Meaning change: The sentence seems to convey “art of Spanish cultural themes is world renowned”. Wrong.
D) As the sentence starts with “an artist”, part after comma needs to start with “Julio Gonzalez”. Here “an artist” is incorrectly modifying “Julio Gonzalez’ art”. Wrong.
E) Meaning change: Instead of saying “Julio Gonzalez explored Spanish cultural themes”, the sentence is conveying that “art explored Spanish cultural themes”. Wrong.

I am still unclear on why option E is wrong. Both A and E convey the same meaning, no? It is illogical to think that "art" by itself can explore anything.

Art cannot explore something and that is "the problem" with option E. Option E is illogically conveying that art explored Spanish cultural themes.

Point to note: We are not thinking that "art by itself can explore anything" -- it is the sentence which is conveying that illogical concept and here we are present to detect that illogical thought.
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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21 May 2013, 22:38
doe007 wrote:
An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes

Explanation:

Concepts tested: Modifier, Meaning

A) Correct. The modifier phrase at the beginning correctly modifies “Julio Gonzalez”.
B) Meaning change: Here “Spanish cultural themes” are described as “world renowned”. Wrong.
C) Meaning change: The sentence seems to convey “art of Spanish cultural themes is world renowned”. Wrong.
D) As the sentence starts with “an artist”, part after comma needs to start with “Julio Gonzalez”. Here “an artist” is incorrectly modifying “Julio Gonzalez’ art”. Wrong.
E) Meaning change: Instead of saying “Julio Gonzalez explored Spanish cultural themes”, the sentence is conveying that “art explored Spanish cultural themes”. Wrong.

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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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22 May 2013, 05:47
An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art-- correct answer
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes-- Its not the art that explores.
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned -- it's Julio who is world renowned not the art.
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.-- here subject is missing
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes-- Julio explored Spanish cultural themes not the art

correct me if I am wrong
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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22 May 2013, 06:48
veenu08 wrote:
An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art-- correct answer
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes-- Its not the art that explores.
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned -- it's Julio who is world renowned not the art.
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.-- here subject is missing
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes-- Julio explored Spanish cultural themes not the art

correct me if I am wrong

Your explanation is good. Also you can see the explanation in the post above yours'.
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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22 May 2013, 23:02
E is wrong because it uses present tense, whereas in the original sentence we use past tense. Since this is a "meaning change" type of question, changing the tense would change the meaning and make E wrong.
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2014, 10:53
An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
Absolute phrase modifier, clause (no error).

(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes >> meaning error: its the artist who explored not his art- as per the original sentence.
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned >> modifer placement error, modifer far placed from Artist Julio Gonzalez.
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned. >> No antecedent for an artist..
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes >> Tense error + meaning error: its Artist who explored the cultural themes not the his art.
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An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2014, 08:18
49. An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

- An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
- Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
- Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
- An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
- Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
A is correct as written. The modifying phrase at the beginning correctly modifies ‘Julio Gonzalez.
B - Distorts the meaning by stating that the Spanish themes are world renowned
C - The modifying phrase at the end incorrectly seems to modify ‘Spanish cultural themes’
D - The modifying phrase at the beginning of the sentence incorrectly modifies Julio Gonzalez’ art
E - Distorts the meaning by incorrectly implying that Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist

Last edited by carcass on 26 Apr 2014, 08:45, edited 1 time in total.
Undelined the sentence
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2014, 08:20
OE says E - Distorts the meaning by incorrectly implying that Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist

Julio is an artist and he is world renowned. So he should be a "world-renowned artist" right?

Thoughts?
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2014, 09:57
what is the source of this question ?
A is not a good answer--->To put some artist as "was world renowned "seems to indicate that he is no more world renowned !!
this logic is specially applicable to people who have achieved success ,at times, after their death .for instance
we will say :Shakespeare is a world renowned writer
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2014, 10:11
jeffjose wrote:
OE says E - Distorts the meaning by incorrectly implying that Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist

Julio is an artist and he is world renowned. So he should be a "world-renowned artist" right?

Thoughts?
-jeff

In option E, the meaning is incorrect as it states that ".....artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes". "Art" cannot explore themes. It has to be the artist.
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2016, 07:07
both A and C seem fine.
C slightly changes the priorities from being world renewed to exploring...
A prevails.
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An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzal [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2016, 07:07
This topic have been merged with: http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic-153191.html
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13 Jan 2017, 14:03
An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2017, 00:38
doe007 wrote:
An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes

Source: Aristotle Prep

Explanation: an-artist-who-explored-spanish-cultural-themes-julio-gonzal-153191.html#p1227709

only A And E come close.E is wrong as it uses present tense ..and art can't explore something ...
so A survives
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Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2017, 06:30
doe007 wrote:
An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art.

(A) An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez was world renowned for his art
(B) Julio Gonzalez is an artist whose art explores world renowned Spanish cultural themes
(C) Artist Julio Gonzalez has explored Spanish cultural themes, the art of whom is world renowned
(D) An artist who has explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio Gonzalez’ art is world renowned.
(E) Julio Gonzalez is a world-renowned artist whose art explored Spanish cultural themes

Source: Aristotle Prep

Explanation: an-artist-who-explored-spanish-cultural-themes-julio-gonzal-153191.html#p1227709

sayantanc2k mikemcgarry
Need expert opinion... As a non native I feel E conveys the meaning correctly.
Apart from meaning issues I did not find any error in A and E.
Re: An artist who explored Spanish cultural themes, Julio   [#permalink] 14 Jan 2017, 06:30
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