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# An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun

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Manager
Joined: 22 May 2005
Posts: 139

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2005, 16:51
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An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.

to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago
begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago
that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment

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Intern
Joined: 31 May 2005
Posts: 5

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

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17 Jul 2005, 19:58
'to ratify' is right idiom. Answer should be 'A'.
Also the attempt began in the past... and is still an uncompleted action. Hence the usage of 'begun' and 'has been' (present perfect tense).

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Director
Joined: 18 Feb 2005
Posts: 666

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 0

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17 Jul 2005, 20:03
segmoti wrote:
'to ratify' is right idiom. Answer should be 'A'.
Also the attempt began in the past... and is still an uncompleted action. Hence the usage of 'begun' and 'has been' (present perfect tense).

But the modifier in A seems to be doubtful

"begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful " .

"The amendment" is unsuccessful rather that "two decades ago"

I am not sure about it though

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Manager
Joined: 22 May 2005
Posts: 139

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 0

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18 Jul 2005, 10:28

"If the tense of modifier agrees with the tense of a the subject of preceding sentence, it is fine"

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Director
Joined: 11 Mar 2005
Posts: 716

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 0

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18 Jul 2005, 10:58
This question is definetly not GMAT quality.

A is wrong...

check this out

Walking slowly down the road, he saw a woman accompanied by two children.

What is "Walking slowly down the road" modify? Clearly it is He, subject of the main clause.

if you want to make the women the subject, what will you do.
He saw a woman, accompanied by two children, walking slowly down the road.

Now what is "accompanied by two children" and "walking slowly down the road." modifying...

THIS EXAMPLE IS FROM "ELEMENTS OF STYLE" book by WHITE.

Kudos [?]: 79 [0], given: 0

18 Jul 2005, 10:58
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# An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun

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