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# An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun

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Manager
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An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2007, 06:20
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110.An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.

(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,

(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment

(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago

(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,

(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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18 Jul 2009, 10:31
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hasham222 wrote:
Guys, I need some help here w.r.t the modifiers used here.

If the option B were changed to

"begun almost two decades ago, to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment"

then, will A be correct or B?

As per the defination of modifiers goes, the modifier has to be placed right next to the noun it modifies, will the following sentence be correct?

An attempt, begun almost two decades ago, to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, has been unsuccessful ......

see this below:
attempt-to-ratify-80748.html#p606505

An attempt, begun almost two decades ago, to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, has been unsuccessful

In this case, I think you are breaking the noun phrase "attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment" (It's a complete subject)

begun almost two decades ago is not just modifying an attempt but a particular attempt (to ratify)

Opinions welcome!
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05 Apr 2010, 07:43
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D is wrong because "attempt at" is wrong idiom

the right idiom is "attempt to"

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Re: An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2012, 09:41
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Idiom: is it attempt to, attempt for, or attempt at?
Here it is "Attempt to", so eliminate B, C, and D.

In E, present perfect is the wrong verb tense to use, despite its apparent consistency with "has been unsuccessful".
Present perfect is typically used for actions that began in the past and continue into the present. It can also be used to specify a past event at an indefinite point in the past.
Here, the "two decades ago" makes present perfect an incorrect tense.
Consider "I have lived in New York five years ago." -- doesn't sound right and it isn't right.

So The correct answer is A.

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28 Sep 2007, 07:37
I will go with A. The verb attempt can only take an infitive as verbal direct object. The sentence is fine as it is.
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Subhen

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An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2009, 03:01
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An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.

(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment

SCtest3-15

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31 Mar 2009, 03:31
E?
only A & E Stands as "Attempt to ratify" is CORRECT
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31 Mar 2009, 03:34
Not sure, but would like to share my understanding

attempt to -> if it is followed by verb
attempt for -> if it followed by noun

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31 Mar 2009, 03:45
It should be E

An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment ( noun phrase), begun almost two decades ago ( unresctrictive clause, but should be resctrictive), has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for
Women.

nitya34 wrote:
E?
only A & E Stands as "Attempt to ratify" is CORRECT

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31 Mar 2009, 06:26
can someone please explain whats wrong with D.

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31 Mar 2009, 07:20
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Economist wrote:
SCtest3-15

An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.
(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment

Only A and E stands out I guess.
I will go with A. in E has begun .... has been unsuccess full ... I don't think fit together.

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31 Mar 2009, 18:06
can you post OA? (It looks like E)...

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31 Mar 2009, 18:10
Sorry its A. Please confirm with OA.

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01 Apr 2009, 01:48
OA is A.

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01 Apr 2009, 02:02
Economist wrote:
SCtest3-15

An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.
(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment for ratifying is wrong idiom
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago begun for ratifying is wrong
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, attempt at is wrong idiom
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment
puzzling structure.. attempt that ..to ratify ...has been...
IMHO its A.

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01 Apr 2009, 02:14
I got it wrong in first attempt; I guess picked worng approach. After knowing OA, looked on it once again. A is better because E is the case of split infinitive. It is always better to have verb and to close to each other. Please share your opinion

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An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2009, 18:50
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110. An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.
(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment
Here fight between A and D what i feel is to ratify is better than at ratifying is at ratifying app usage inputs plz...
Why is E wrong???

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17 Jul 2009, 03:56
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I think the ans is A.What is the OA?

I think attempt to is the correct idiom.
In E that has begun is wrong.Whenever a definite time is specified (like 'two decades ago' in this case) you have to use simplepast tense

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17 Jul 2009, 04:57
Maulikgmat wrote:
110. An attempt to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago, has been unsuccessful despite efforts by many important groups, including the National Organization for Women.
(A) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(B) begun almost two decades ago, for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment
(C) begun for ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment almost two decades ago
(D) at ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment, begun almost two decades ago,
(E) that has begun almost two decades ago to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment
Here fight between A and D what i feel is to ratify is better than at ratifying is at ratifying app usage inputs plz...
Why is E wrong???

Yes, "to ratify" is the correct idiom. ( At ratify is wrong because Ratify literally means "to confirm by expressing consent" and hence 'To' is used instead of "AT"). For E I agree with Shruti !

IMO A is the answer ! Whats the OA ?

Cheers

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17 Jul 2009, 06:49
correct idiom is attempt to.

guys one more thing i am not very good with grammar. is it necessary to have a clear understanding of all the grammar basics. is it inevitable to understand each adverb, preposition and all to do well in the gmat. i want to get 700. pls share your inputs.

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Re: 110/1000   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2009, 06:49

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