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An examination of corruption provides the basis for

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Director
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Joined: 21 Dec 2009
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An examination of corruption provides the basis for [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2012, 06:40
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A
B
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D
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Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:04) correct 42% (02:39) wrong based on 347 sessions

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An examination of corruption provides the basis for rejecting the view that an exact science of society can ever
be constructed. As with all other social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy, it is intrinsically impossible to
measure corruption, and this is not merely due to the fact that social science has not yet reached its goal, achievable
to be sure, of developing adequate quantifying techniques. If people were ready to answer question about their
embezzlements and bribes, it would mean that these practices had acquired the character of legitimate, taxable
activities and had ceased to be corrupt. In other words, corruption must disappear if it is to be measurable.

Which one of the following most accurately states a hidden assumption that the author must make in order to
advance the argument above?

(A) Some people believe that an exact science of society can be constructed.
(B) The primary purpose of an exact science to quantify and measure phenomena.
(C) An intrinsic characteristic of social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy is that they cannot be measured.
(D) An exact science of social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy cannot be constructed.
(E) An exact science can be constructed only when the phenomena it studies can be measured

What is the issue with
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D
?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2012, 07:19
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I just hope that I never face such question on the test day. It took me around 4 minutes and I still got it wrong. I say what is wrong with C?
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New post 12 Nov 2012, 08:50
Marcab wrote:
I just hope that I never face such question on the test day. It took me around 4 minutes and I still got it wrong. I say what is wrong with C?


lol... if u see a question like this be happy cause that means u are already in 770 lvl. :D

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New post 12 Nov 2012, 09:23
Jp27 wrote:
Marcab wrote:
I just hope that I never face such question on the test day. It took me around 4 minutes and I still got it wrong. I say what is wrong with C?


lol... if u see a question like this be happy cause that means u are already in 770 lvl. :D

I can be even satified with x where doesnt equals 770 and either x=760 or x>770.
:lol:
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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2013, 08:03
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Marcab wrote:
I just hope that I never face such question on the test day. It took me around 4 minutes and I still got it wrong. I say what is wrong with C?


Conclusion is : exact science of society can possibly be never constructed. He then gives example of corruption, which he
points out cannot be measured.
So the assumptions is E.- An exact science can be constructed only when the phenomena it studies can be measured.

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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis for [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2013, 09:10
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Hi,

Fun question, definitely a challenge.

As people seem to have noted, the 3 key options are C D and E. A and B are more simple to eliminate, here is my logic focusing on those thee possibilities.

An examination of corruption provides the basis for rejecting the view that an exact science of society can ever
be constructed. As with all other social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy, it is intrinsically impossible to
measure corruption, and this is not merely due to the fact that social science has not yet reached its goal, achievable
to be sure, of developing adequate quantifying techniques. If people were ready to answer question about their
embezzlements and bribes, it would mean that these practices had acquired the character of legitimate, taxable
activities and had ceased to be corrupt. In other words, corruption must disappear if it is to be measurable.

So overall, argument is that 'an exact science of society can (n)ever be constructed'.

BECAUSE, you can never measure corruption, because people will never tell you about it.

Complex passage, but basically it's saying that


Which one of the following most accurately states a hidden assumption that the author must make in order to
advance the argument above?

So we need an 'assumption'. This sentence again is wordy, but basically it's asking 'what assumption does the author make


(C) An intrinsic characteristic of social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy is that they cannot be measured. Rather than an assumption this is a re-statement of the passage ' As with all other social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy, it is intrinsically impossible to
measure corruption,'



(D) An exact science of social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy cannot be constructed. Again this is a re-statement of the passage, 'As with all other social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy, it is intrinsically impossible to
measure corruption, '



(E) An exact science can be constructed only when the phenomena it studies can be measured Correct! It never actually says you need to 'measure' something, but without assuming this you can not hold the conclusion
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New post 30 Mar 2016, 13:26
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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An examination of corruption provides the basis for [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2017, 04:01
I chose B. Such a silly mistake. The question says that corruption makes exact science not possible, and further states that corruption is not measurable because it involves secrecy. If people no longer keep it a secret, then corruption will disappear altogether and question of measurement does not arise.
Therefore, science involves measuring, and if corruption is not measurable, science related to that is not possible.
However, primary purpose is not measurement. Measurement is a very vital part of science without which science cannot happen.

Further, A - some people believe - too vague
C - first, it can be an inference. and secondly, it is not an hidden assumption - it is given in the question.
D - it can be an inference but not an assumption.

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An examination of corruption provides the basis for   [#permalink] 08 Nov 2017, 04:01
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