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# An examination of corruption provides the basis for

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Director
Joined: 21 Dec 2009
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Kudos [?]: 840 [0], given: 20

Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Finance
An examination of corruption provides the basis for [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 06:40
12
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (02:04) correct 42% (02:39) wrong based on 347 sessions

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An examination of corruption provides the basis for rejecting the view that an exact science of society can ever
be constructed. As with all other social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy, it is intrinsically impossible to
measure corruption, and this is not merely due to the fact that social science has not yet reached its goal, achievable
embezzlements and bribes, it would mean that these practices had acquired the character of legitimate, taxable
activities and had ceased to be corrupt. In other words, corruption must disappear if it is to be measurable.

Which one of the following most accurately states a hidden assumption that the author must make in order to

(A) Some people believe that an exact science of society can be constructed.
(B) The primary purpose of an exact science to quantify and measure phenomena.
(C) An intrinsic characteristic of social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy is that they cannot be measured.
(D) An exact science of social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy cannot be constructed.
(E) An exact science can be constructed only when the phenomena it studies can be measured

What is the issue with
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D
?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 07:19
2
KUDOS
I just hope that I never face such question on the test day. It took me around 4 minutes and I still got it wrong. I say what is wrong with C?
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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 08:50
Marcab wrote:
I just hope that I never face such question on the test day. It took me around 4 minutes and I still got it wrong. I say what is wrong with C?

lol... if u see a question like this be happy cause that means u are already in 770 lvl. :D

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VP
Status: Been a long time guys...
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Kudos [?]: 1702 [0], given: 62

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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2012, 09:23
Jp27 wrote:
Marcab wrote:
I just hope that I never face such question on the test day. It took me around 4 minutes and I still got it wrong. I say what is wrong with C?

lol... if u see a question like this be happy cause that means u are already in 770 lvl. :D

I can be even satified with x where doesnt equals 770 and either x=760 or x>770.

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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2013, 08:03
1
KUDOS
Marcab wrote:
I just hope that I never face such question on the test day. It took me around 4 minutes and I still got it wrong. I say what is wrong with C?

Conclusion is : exact science of society can possibly be never constructed. He then gives example of corruption, which he
points out cannot be measured.
So the assumptions is E.- An exact science can be constructed only when the phenomena it studies can be measured.

KUDOS if u like
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Impossibility is a relative concept!!

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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis for [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2013, 09:10
1
KUDOS
Hi,

Fun question, definitely a challenge.

As people seem to have noted, the 3 key options are C D and E. A and B are more simple to eliminate, here is my logic focusing on those thee possibilities.

An examination of corruption provides the basis for rejecting the view that an exact science of society can ever
be constructed. As with all other social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy, it is intrinsically impossible to
measure corruption, and this is not merely due to the fact that social science has not yet reached its goal, achievable
embezzlements and bribes, it would mean that these practices had acquired the character of legitimate, taxable
activities and had ceased to be corrupt. In other words, corruption must disappear if it is to be measurable.

So overall, argument is that 'an exact science of society can (n)ever be constructed'.

BECAUSE, you can never measure corruption, because people will never tell you about it.

Complex passage, but basically it's saying that

Which one of the following most accurately states a hidden assumption that the author must make in order to

So we need an 'assumption'. This sentence again is wordy, but basically it's asking 'what assumption does the author make

(C) An intrinsic characteristic of social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy is that they cannot be measured. Rather than an assumption this is a re-statement of the passage ' As with all other social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy, it is intrinsically impossible to
measure corruption,'

(D) An exact science of social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy cannot be constructed. Again this is a re-statement of the passage, 'As with all other social phenomena that involve deliberate secrecy, it is intrinsically impossible to
measure corruption, '

(E) An exact science can be constructed only when the phenomena it studies can be measured Correct! It never actually says you need to 'measure' something, but without assuming this you can not hold the conclusion
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Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0

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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis for [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2015, 15:33
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Re: An examination of corruption provides the basis for [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2016, 13:26
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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An examination of corruption provides the basis for [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2017, 04:01
I chose B. Such a silly mistake. The question says that corruption makes exact science not possible, and further states that corruption is not measurable because it involves secrecy. If people no longer keep it a secret, then corruption will disappear altogether and question of measurement does not arise.
Therefore, science involves measuring, and if corruption is not measurable, science related to that is not possible.
However, primary purpose is not measurement. Measurement is a very vital part of science without which science cannot happen.

Further, A - some people believe - too vague
C - first, it can be an inference. and secondly, it is not an hidden assumption - it is given in the question.
D - it can be an inference but not an assumption.

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An examination of corruption provides the basis for   [#permalink] 08 Nov 2017, 04:01
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