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An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis de

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An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis de  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2020, 00:53
1
12
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

34% (02:06) correct 66% (02:07) wrong based on 194 sessions

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An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis demonstrated that, in the presence of macrophage stimulating factor (M-CSF), macrophages proliferated almost so rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, as in the absence of M-CSF.


A. almost so rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, as

B. almost as rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium than

C. in the glomerulus almost as rapidly as, and in the tubulointerstitium even more rapidly than

D. almost as rapidly as in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, than what they did

E. in the glomerulus almost so rapidly, and in the tubulointerstitium even more rapidly than what they did


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Re: An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis de  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2020, 00:56
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis demonstrated that, in the presence of macrophage stimulating factor (M-CSF), macrophages proliferated almost so rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, as in the absence of M-CSF.


A. almost so rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, as

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The correct comparative construction is as [adjective or adverb] as, not so [adjective or adverb] as.

What helps us identify this question as a comparative question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign: Like, unlike, than, as

Whenever you see one of these words, check whether it is used as part of a comparison and whether the items compared are logically comparable.



B. almost as rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium than

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The comparative construction as rapidly... should be completed by another as (as [adjective or adverb] as).



C. in the glomerulus almost as rapidly as, and in the tubulointerstitium even more rapidly than

This answer choice presents two parallel and grammatically correct comparative constructions:

(1) as rapidly as (as [adverb] as)

and

(2) more rapidly than (more [adverb] than)



D. almost as rapidly as in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, than what they did

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the comparative mistake in the original question, it is stylistically flawed. The phrase what they did is redundant - it is unnecessary for understanding the comparison.



E. in the glomerulus almost so rapidly, and in the tubulointerstitium even more rapidly than what they did

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The word so (so rapidly) cannot be used to draw a comparison. Instead, the construction as [adjective or adverb] as should be used.

This answer choice is also it is stylistically flawed. The phrase what they did is redundant - it is unnecessary for understanding the comparison.

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Re: An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis de  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2020, 10:09
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An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis demonstrated that, in the presence of macrophage stimulating factor (M-CSF), macrophages proliferated almost so rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, as in the absence of M-CSF.

Quote:
A. almost so rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, as
"so X that Y" is correct not "so X as Y"; "more X than Y" not "more X as Y"

Quote:
B. almost as rapidly in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium than
as rapidly in the first half doesn't have a corresponding as in the second half thus idiom is missing

Quote:
C. in the glomerulus almost as rapidly as, and in the tubulointerstitium even more rapidly than
Correct -
proliferated (in X as rapidly as ) and (in Y more than)} {(proliferated) in Z}
Quote:
D. almost as rapidly as in the glomerulus, and even more rapidly in the tubulointerstitium, than what they did
what they did is clearly incorrect. As if macrophages did (proliferated) intentionally

Quote:
E. in the glomerulus almost so rapidly, and in the tubulointerstitium even more rapidly than what they did
Same as D

I found this question very interesting. Parallelism with comparison markers "as X as Y" and "more X than Y" clubbed with ellipsis.

Answer - C
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An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis de  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2020, 02:10
I eliminate A because I feel like it's very wordy and sound not-so-right, but I have a question about so X as Y as in the Original Explanation. I don't think it's wrong because of the structure, for example we could say:

I will leave SO LONG AS it is safe.

I don't remember where that example occurs, but I'm pretty sure it's come from an official source (maybe Manhattan GMAT or Maghoosh).

Can anyone give me some explanation here? Thanks in advance.
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An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis de   [#permalink] 26 Mar 2020, 02:10

An experiment in a recent nephrological study of glomerulonephritis de

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